Qur’ān is rendered facilitative for comprehension
by use of figures of speech
By unique device:
like coverage of an event by multiple cameras
Allah the Exalted has used a unique device
to render Qur’ān facilitative for complete understanding which no other author
can employ because they suffer limitation of observation.
Our vision becomes
dynamic when we are able to recognize objects and concepts from multiple
perspectives and from different viewing angles. It then assists explicit
Visual perception faces difficulties with varying lighting
conditions illuminating the environment and our inability to absorb/digest
visual scene in a single glimpse.
Real life experience will make the point lucid. A
person watching a cricket or football match in the stadium and the
Umpire/Referee cannot observe what a person can observe in the live telecast
flashing each image of movements of the player and the ball from various angles
seen by various cameras fixed all around the ground.
One writing device for facilitating the reader to conclusively
comprehend an object, topic and concept is to describe it with the help
and by showing it from different
relations and terms incorporate both closeness and distance and help
human cognitive tendency in categorizing experiences with their help.
varieties, or vicissitudes of affairs or events; scope, diametric
properties; and possibilities the reader might not have given a thought.
It illustrates how and why is it important to observe the other side of
same or similar subject or concept and be mindful of possibilities that
have not occurred but are probable.
Has this device been used in Qur’ān to
render it facilitative for comprehending and conceptualizing?
It is a verbal sentence comprising of Verb-Subject-Object. The First
Person Masculine Sovereign Singular Imperfect Indicative Mood Verb is
made from verbal Noun:
stemming from Rood: ص ر ف.
Classical Lexicons describe that
it leads to the perception of turning - alternating the direction;
shifting one state/condition to another; or its substitute or
and it is used to describe milk when its foam has settled like separated
from foam, yeast. Thus it leads to
Perspectives; turning - alternating
the direction; shifting one state/condition to another;
diametrically different in character, tendency, belief,
etc. opposite views;
The varieties, or
vicissitudes, of affairs or
The text of Qur’ān also
serves as Lexicon to render meanings and perception, embedded in its
important words, explicit by using it in specific context. Man is often
mindful of possibilities that have not occurred but are probable:
Presenting information in interchanging
pattern, alternatives, and perspectives facilitates comprehending and conceptualizing it,
and true understanding of relative importance of things; a sense of
proportion. One meaning of the device:
mentioned in Classical Lexicons is
to describe milk when its foam has
settled like it is alienated from foam, yeast:
Presenting information in
interchanging pattern, highlighting by alternatives is like alienating
milk from foam and like threshing, a process by which grains are
separated from stalks. It renders the grain and chaff distinct. The act
and state signified by:
result that the people
a verbal sentence; verb perfect and suffixed second person singular
masculine pronoun is referent to the addressee, elevated Messenger Muhammad
It stems from Root:
د ر س.
Classical Lexicons stated that it leads to the perception of
veiling, disappearance, and to reduce, shorten, drop, and obliteration.
And it means to
separate grains from plants.
Threshing is a process by which grains
are separated from stalks. It renders the grain and chaff distinct.
Traditionally it was done by laying wheat crop in an elliptical circle and
oxen were made
walk over it. These days mechanized
system also works with a slight elliptical action.
When the object of this action is a
book its obvious meanings are
to explain something exhaustively
separating truth from conjecture and scum, highlighting good and
worthless; exposing dichotomous relations. Thereby, the discourse is
rendered explicitly explicative.
Before we study how this device is used
in the major chunk of the text, let us read about its further
Like this physically observable reality,
Our Majesty elaborate
the verbal passages (of
Qur’ān) in interchanging pattern - alternatives
for the people
who acknowledge and
The background frame is
the piece of land with defined boundaries. It is either:
or that which has experienced and
attained a natural degraded quality:
either of permanent or temporary nature.
between words becomes
available by virtue of their links to
common background frame.
The purpose is not to merely illustrate that two objects
are the same or different but the point is to analyze how they compare
or contrast and why their similarities or differences are important. The
effect about both is described by the same verb:
denoting emergence-getting out of the
subject from a place. With regard to:
the subject of the verb is:
the vegetation of that land. But the other type of land is itself the
subject of this Verb. In this state too, it does pour out but of little
or no value.
The application of the tool of:
تَصْرِيفٌ renders the informative text explicitly visible for mental
Land is an essential basis for a healthy and prosperous future for human
beings. This will be obscured by the existence of vast areas of land
with limited potential. Therefore, the presence of:
the persistently beneficial land might incline people to express
gratitude if its opposite possibility of experiencing a qualitative
worthlessness is visualized.
The use of writing device:
serves many purposes as it renders the object as primary focus of
attention. If a subject is mentioned in revolving manner in the
Discourse its minimum advantage is that at some place it will attract
the attention of even a casual reader.
Appreciate the fact
Our Majesty have illustrated in this Qur'aan issues and
concepts, mirroring information by
rotation in alternate directions, angles, and perspectives.
Its objective is that
they might at their own conveniently save,
recall, relate and take lesson;
This unique feature is reiterated
to highlight a different point:
Take note; like aforementioned (account of the past, and
future) Our Majesty has compositely sent
it (Memoir's narrative 20:99;
in the form
of a compilation
of text transcription in Arabic: a
perspicuous, eloquent, distinctive
and precisely expressive language;
the language of the sons of soil of Arabian Peninsula.
It states that the concept signified
mentioned in the book in revolving manner. It is common psyche of humans
that they pay little attention to warnings about the future. Warnings
thereby need to be repeated. For adding communicative force words like
"formal", "official" are added to the message of warning.
stems from Root:و ع د which signifies Promise. But
when a Sovereign uses the word Promise about a harmful upshot of certain
undesirable or criminal conduct, it has forceful communicate value of
Warning which provides an opportunity to the addressee or the concerned
person to get alarmed and take action to thwart damaging upshot.
The concept of device:
can be grasped from
physical phenomenon mentioned in Ayah 2:164:
the atmospheric circulation-changing
directions of the Winds in
spaces within the Sky and within the Earth, is reiterated:
This device facilitates the reader to
comprehend the largest part of the text of Qur’ān; which is Narrative,
in such manner as if we are watching the scenes of same event recorded
by cameras from different observing locations. It thus gives
a full-circle feel of each of the chain of events.
Majority of critics of Qur’ān did not
realize the uniqueness of this feature and
naively thought it as heavy-handed use of repetition of events
(calling them stories).
Next we will study the main feature of Qur’ān:
explicitly elucidated discourse because of which it is easy to
comprehend and facilitates translating and interpreting it since it is