ضوأ

1 ضَوڤاَ see 4, in two places. 2 ضَوَّاَ see the next paragraph, in two places. ― -b2- One says also, ضَوَّأْتُ عَنْهُ [meaning I brought to light, made visible, discovered, or revealed, him, or it]. (M, TA.) A sheep, or goat, belonging to an Arab of the desert strayed; whereupon he said, اَللّٰهُمَّ ضَوِّئْ عَنْهُ [O God, bring it to light, or discover it]. (A, TA.) -A2- Accord. to Lth, but he is the only authority for it known by AM, (TA,) ضَوَّأَ عَنِ الأَمْرِ, inf. n. تَضْوِئَةٌ, means He declined, or turned away, from the affair. (K, TA.)

4 اضآء  , (M, Msb, K,) said of a thing, (M,) [as, for instance,] of the moon, (Msb,) or اضآءت, said of fire (النَّار,), (A 'Obeyd, S, O,) inf. n. إِِضَآءٌ; (Msb;) and ↓ ضَآءَ , (M, Msb, K,) or ضَآءَت, (S, O,) aor. يَضُوْءُ, (M,) or تَضُوْءُ, (S,) inf. n. ضَوْءٌ (S, M, O, Msb, K) and ضُوْءٌ, (S, O, K,) or the latter is a simple subst.; (Msb;) but the former verb is preferred; (TA;) It gave light, was light or bright, shone, or shone brightly. (Msb, K, * TA.) [See also an ex. of ↓ the latter verb in a verse cited voce أُفُقٌ; and cited here in the TA.] And أَضَأْتُ لَهُ [I gave light to him]. (M.) -A2- The former verb is also trans.: you say, أَضَآءَتْهُ النَّارُ [The fire made it to be light or bright, to shine, or to shine brightly]: (S, O:) and أَضَأْتُهُ and ↓ ضَوَّأْتُهُ [I made it to give light, to be light or bright, to shine, or to shine brightly]: (M, Msb, * K:) and أَضَأْتُ بِهِ البَيْتَ and بِهِ ضَوَّأْتُهُ [I lighted, or illumined, with it (i. e. with a lamp or the like) the house, or chamber, or tent]. (M.) ― -b2- [Hence,] اضآء بِبَوْلِهِ (tropical:) He ejected his urine [so as to make its drops to glisten]; or emitted it and then stopped it; syn. حَذَفَ بِهِ; (K, TA;) or خَذَفَ بِهِ; (so in a copy of the M, as on the authority of Kr;) or, as in the A, أَذْرَعَ بِهِ. (TA.) ― -b3- And they said مَا أَضْوَأَهُ [How light, or bright, is it!]. (S voce أَظْلَمَ [q. v.].) ― -b4- And اضآء signifies also أَصَابَ ضَوْءًا [He saw (lit. lighted on, or found,) light, or brightness]. (T voce أَظْلَمَ [q. v.])

5 تضوّأ  He stood in the dark to see people by the light of their fire, (AZ, K, TA,) without their seeing him. (AZ, TA.) And تضوّا امْرَأَةً [He stood in the dark to see a woman by the light of her fire, without her seeing him]. (TA.) 10 اِسْتَضَأُتُ بِهِ  [I sought to obtain light by means of it; I made use of it for light]. (M, K.) لَا تَسْتَضِيؤُوا بِنَارِ أَهْلِ الشِّرْكِ [lit. Seek not ye to obtain light by means of the fire of the people of belief in a plurality of gods], (O, K,) a saying of the Prophet, (O,) means (tropical:) seek not ye counsel, or advice, of the believers in a plurality of gods, in affairs: (O, K:) because he whose affair is confused and dubious to him is as though he were in darkness. (O.) ضَوْءٌ  and ↓ ضُوْءٌ and ↓ ضِيَآءٌ (S, M, O, K) and ↓ ضِوَآءٌ , (M, K,) the last of which is [erroneously] written in the L ضَوَآءٌ, (TA,) signify the same, (S, M, O, K,) i. e. Light, syn. نُورٌ, (K, TA,) accord. to the leading lexicologists; but see what follows: (TA:) and ضَوْءٌ is an inf. n. of ضَآءَ, (S, M, O, Msb, K,) and so is ↓ ضُوْءٌ , (S, O, K,) or this is a simple subst. from ضَآءَ, and so is ↓ ضِيَآءٌ , which is also, sometimes, written ↓ ضِئَآءٌ , from أَضَآءَ as syn. with ضَآءَ: (Msb:) the pl. of ضَوْءٌ (M, TA) and ↓ ضُوْءٌ (M) is أَضْوَآءٌ; and ↓ ضِيَآءٌ is sometimes a pl., (M, TA,) as Zj states it to be: (TA:) some say that ضَوْءٌ has a more intensive signification than نُورٌ, and that hence God has likened his direction [the Kur-án] to النُّور rather than to الضَّوْء; because if it were otherwise, no one had erred: and that hence, also, [in the Kur x. 5,] the sun is termed ↓ ضِيَآء ; and the moon, نُورٌ: it is also said that ضَوْءٌ signifies the rays that are diffused by what is termed نُورٌ: the kádee Zekereeyŕ affirms that these two words are syn. by their original application, but that ضَوْءٌ is more forcible accord. to usage: and some say that الضَّوْءُ signifies that [light] which subsists by itself, as [that of] the sun, and fire; and النُّورُ, to that which subsists by some other thing [as does the light of the moon]. (MF, TA.) ضُوْءٌ  : see the next preceding paragraph, in three places. ضِوَآءٌ  : see ضَوْءٌ. ضِيَآءٌ  and ضِئَآءٌ: see ضَوْءٌ, in five places. Credit: Lane Lexicon