Root: خ د ع

Words from this Root in the Grand Qur’ān:

a) Total occurrences: 5

b) No of constructions: 4

Noun: 1; Verb: 3; Recurrence: 4 [Form-I: 2; Form-III: 2]

(لسان العرب)
الخَدْعُ: إظهار خلاف ما تُخْفيه

That its basic perception is to proclaim, express, show something which is contrary to what one conceals in his heart. In consideration of objective of such volitional act, it connotes to deceive, delude, beguile, circumvent others. In positive sense it will denote to outwit someone.

Lane Lexicon

Classical Lexicons

Semantic Domain: Personality DisordersNarcissistsCharacteristic feature: Hypocrisy

  • Be aware of such persons affiliated with the subset of people (in those days Jews) who proclaim

  • خبردار رہو کہ مخصوص لوگوں [زمانہ نزول کے حوالے سے عرب میں بسنے اور ایمان لانے کا دعویٰ کرنے والے اہل یہود/آج کے دور :میں منافقین۔فاسقین جو اپنے میثاق سے منحرف ہو کرجھوٹے مدعیان نبوت اور رسالت کے پیروکار ہیں] میں وہ بھی ہیں جو دعویٰ کرتے ہیں

  • "We have accepted the belief in Allah the Exalted and regards the Last Day."

  • But the position is that in truth and entailment they are certainly not the believers. [2:08]

  • They seek by contrary to fact verbal assertion to beguile Allah the Exalted

  • And to deceptively convince those have heartily believed [the Messenger and Grand Qur’ān].

  • -- However, in fact they deceive none by false declaration of belief except their own selves

  • And they analyze not to realize-perceive this fact [since do not see beyond their selfish stakes] --. [2:09]


 

  • Indeed Muna'fi'qeen: the Impostor Believers seek by contrary to fact verbal proclamation try to beguile Allah the Exalted

  • While the fact is that He the Exalted just outwits them by letting them engulfed in their deceptive perception by leaving them as discarded/condemned.

  • And when they (Muna'fi'qeen) get up to join the Ass-sa'laat congregation

  • They stand reluctantly and irritant with heavy heart

  • They just stand for feigning to people that they are believers.

  • And they do not remember Allah the Exalted except occasionally. [4:142]


 

The Free Dictionary lists the following as definitions of "hypocrisy": The practice of professing beliefs, feelings, or virtues that one does not hold or possess; falseness. The practice of professing standards, beliefs, etc., contrary to one's real character or actual behaviour, especially the pretence of virtue and piety; the condition of a person pretending to be something he is not, especially in the area of morals or religion; a false presentation of belief or feeling. Insincerity by virtue of pretending to have qualities or beliefs that one does not really have. Like denial, not everyone who engages in hypocrisy is a narcissist, but all narcissists are hypocrites. It comes with the personality disorder.

Living a life of hypocrisy requires an extraordinary ability to deceive oneself. Narcissists have a bugabooa source of fear or annoyance: something that causes fear, annoyance, apprehension of loss, especially an imagined threat or problem. A narcissist is a duplicitous— two-faced who engages in double-dealing. This requires a strong tolerance for cognitive dissonance. Why they not analyze to perceive-realize that by adopting this strategy they are deceiving none but their selves is because if they redefine what they were doing so that it is different from what they publicly pronounce they never come up against that bugaboo, cognitive dissonance.

Hypocrites feel dissonance when they are confronted with information that is inconsistent with their belief and conduct. The dissonance can be reduced by critically analyzing the incoming information and on finding it irrefutable and resultantly changing one's belief. But if intellect is not applied they opt restoring consonance through misperception, rejection or refutation of the information abruptly.

Belief disconfirmation paradigm

Dissonance is felt when people are confronted with information that is inconsistent with their beliefs. If the dissonance is not reduced by changing one's belief, the dissonance can result in restoring consonance through misperception, rejection or refutation of the information, seeking support from others who share the beliefs, and attempting to persuade others.

Hypocrisy is really nothing more than a form of dishonesty. It is professing to be one thing—polishing the image one projects onto the world—while actually being something else. The narcissist’s whole life is a lie designed to fool “outsiders” so the narcissist can get Nsupply from them.

The word hypocrisy comes from the Greek ὑυπόκρισις (hypokrisis), which means "jealous", "play-acting", "acting out", "coward" or "dissembling".[2]The word hypocrite is from the Greek word ὑποκριτής (hypokritēs), the agentive noun associated with υποκρίνομαι (hypokrinomai κρίση, "judgment" »κριτική (kritiki), "critics") presumably because the performance of a dramatic text by an actor was to involve a degree of interpretation, or assessment.

Alternatively, the word is an amalgam of the Greek prefix hypo-, meaning "under", and the verb krinein, meaning "to sift or decide". Thus the original meaning implied a deficiency in the ability to sift or decide. This deficiency, as it pertains to one's own beliefs and feelings, informs the word's contemporary meaning.[3]

The narcissist carries fire in one hand and water in the other. In other words, he is…duplicitous, engages in double-dealing, is two-faced, speaks with forked tongue…the expression indicates that a person is prepared to act in totally contradictory ways to achieve his purpose. Narcissists are not stupid, however, but they are arrogant. So while there is no act of treachery too great for a narcissist to commit to get what he wants, he can be restrained by fear of consequences, assuming his arrogance doesn’t convince him he won’t get caught.

Living a life of hypocrisy requires a strong tolerance for cognitive dissonance—or an extraordinary ability to fool oneself. I suspect narcissists, particularly malignant narcissists, fall into the latter category. If they redefine what they are doing so that it is “different” from what they publicly disdain, they never come up against that bugaboo, cognitive dissonance. I have a particular abhorrence of euphemisms as a result of my NM’s creativity when it came to redefining her behaviours so that she was not tainted by the same brush she used to tar others.

Hypocrites, particularly narcissistic hypocrites, may tell themselves that it is OK for them to do something, but not for others. In this situation, they have convinced themselves that they are special, that the rules that apply to others do not apply to them.

One of the hallmarks of narcissistic hypocrisy is the conviction that others must follow the rules, obey the laws…everyone except them.

You can’t win with hypocrites of any stripe, and you can’t win with a narcissist. Both are deeply invested in their hypocrisy, their mind games, their entitlements. To maintain your sanity, all you can really do is walk away—and stay gone.

Most Narcissists are obsessed with their image—impeccable physical appearance, professional reputations, societal standing, important connections, their superiority and their need to have others look upon them as wonderful human beings. Narcissists put on such convincing acts that they deceive professional observers like psychotherapists, attorneys and judges.

Narcissists are gifted story tellers. They can spin yarns that are full of holes, exaggeration and made from whole cloth and audiences will be hanging on their every word. Narcissists often take credit for the achievements of others.

 

Noun

1

Possessive Phrase: Active Participle: Definite; Singular; masculine; nominative + Possessive Pronoun: Third Person; Singular; Masculine, in genitive state. (1)4:142=1

                  الإِضَافَةُ-اسم فاعل: مرفوع-واحد  مذكر/مضافضمير متصل-جمع  مذكر غائب في محل جر-مضاف إليه

 

Verb Form-I

1

Verb: Imperfect; Third person; masculine; plural; Mood Indicative evident by "نَ"; [Form I]; [و] Subject Pronoun, in nominative state; مصدرخَدْعٌٌ -فَتَحَ-يَفْتَحَ Verbal Noun. (1)2:09=1

                                              فعل مضارع مرفوع بثبوت النون/و- ضمير متصل في محل رفع فاعل-جمع مذكر غائب

 
2

Verb: Imperfect; Third person; plural; masculine; Mood: Jussive by condition Particle, evident by elision of  نَ; and [و] Subject Pronoun,  nominative state, Suffixed Object Pronoun: Second Person; masculine; singular in accusative state; مصدرخَدْعٌ Verbal Noun (1)8:62=1

                         فعل مضارع مجزوم و علامة جزمه حذف النون/و- ضمير متصل في محل رفع فاعل /جمع مذكرغائب

     ضمير متصل  في محل نصب مفعول به/واحد مذكر حاضر

 

Verb Form-III

1

 Verb: Imperfect; Third person; masculine; Mood Indicative evident by "نَ"; [Form III]; [و]  Subject Pronoun, in nominative state; مصدر مُخَادَعَةٌ Verbal  Noun. (1)2:09(2)4:142=2 

                                فعل مضارع مرفوع بثبوت النون/و- ضمير متصل في محل رفع فاعل-جمع مذكر غائب/باب فَاْعَلَ