Root: ء ب ق

Words from this Root in the Grand Qur'aan:

a) Total occurrences: 1

The basic perception infolded in the Root, in the words of Ibne Faris [died 1005]:

  يدلُّ على إباق العبد، والتشدُّد في الأمر

That it leads to the perception of escaping of the employee, or servant; and huskiness, sternness, or hardness in the matter. In combination, it reflects escaping-leaving aside the assignment by the employee with husky, stern, and disappointed feel.

Lane's Lexicon transcribes it as escaping-going away of a person without being induced to do so by his master, for reason of fear or severity of work.

Related: Root: خ ذ ل

Lane Lexicon

  • Know the fact; Yunus [alai'his'slaam] was performing assignment as one of the sent Messengers [37:139]

  • When on assessing complete unresponsiveness he abandoned-absconded-ran; after walking away from his nation in the state-grip of heightened feeling of anger-heavy heartedness, towards the already embarked-Laden Ship, ready to sail. [37:140].



Verb: Perfect; Third person; singular; masculine; intransitive; Subject pronoun hidden; مصدر-اِبَاقٌ Verbal Noun. (1)37:140=1

  فعل ماضٍ مبني على الفتح/الفاعل:ضمير مستتر جوازاً تقديره:هُوَ-واحد مذكرغائب