Root: ص ب ب

Words from this Root in the Grand Qur’ān:

a) Total occurrences: 5 

b) No of constructions: 5; Noun: 1; Verb: 4 [Form-I]

Ibn Faris [died 1005] stated:

(مقاييس اللغة)

الصاد والباء أصلٌ واحدٌ، وهو إراقة الشيء، وإليه ترجع فروعُ البابِ كلِّه.من ذلك صَبَبت الماءَ أصبُّه صَبّاً

That it signifies shedding, pouring out a thing; and it denotes pouring, showering water

Lane Lexicon: I poured out for such a one water into the drinking cup that he might drink it

Classical Lexicons

  • These are two divergent groups, these people divergently argued about their Sustainer Lord —

  • Thereby, those who disavowed, heat absorbing dresses - veils are ready for them;  [scorching temperature in Hell-Prison]

  • [when they will ask for water/rain] Showered upon them from over their head would be the hot water — [22:19]

Root: ر ء س

  • Afterwards, pour from place over his head some scalding meal; saying — [44:48]

Root: ر ء س;  ص ب ب


  • [what are the processes involved in making it reach him] For his feed Our Majesty sent water from above, in the manner of pouring/flowing on Earth — [80:25]

  • کہ غور کر سکے کہ  یقینا یہ ہم جناب ہیں،ہم نے متعین مقدار میں پانی کو برسایا ہے،انڈیلنے کے انداز میں 

  • Consequentially your Sustainer Lord sent upon them varying tormenter of infliction. [89:13]




Verbal Noun: Indefinite; accusative. (1)80:25=1                                       مصدر: منصوب 


Verb Form-I


Verb: Perfect; First person; Plural/Sovereign Singular; Masculine; [نَا] Suffixed Subject Pronoun; nominative state; مصدر-صَبٌّ Verbal noun. ( (1)80:25=1

                             فعل ماضٍ مبني على السكون لاتصاله بضمير المتكلم/نَا-ضمير متصل فى محل رفع فاعل/جمع متكلم


Verb: Imperative; second person; masculine; plural; Subject pronoun, in nominative state; مصدر-صَبٌّ Verbal noun. (1)44:48=1

                         فعل أمر مبنى على حذف النون-الواو ضمير متصل فى محل رفع فاعل-والألف-فارقة/جمع مذكرحاضر 


Prefixed conjunction فَ  which shows cause and effect + Verb: Perfect; Third person; singular; masculine; مصدر-صَبٌّ Verbal noun. (1)89:13=1

       حرف فَ +  فعل ماضٍ مبنى على الفتح /صيغة:واحد مذكرغائب


Verb: Imperfect; Third person; singular; masculine; Passive; Mood: Indicative;  مصدر-صَبٌّ Verbal noun (1)22:19=1

      فعل مضارع مبنى للمجهول-مرفوع بالضمة/صيغة--واحد مذكرغائب