Root: ء ن ث

Words from this Root in the Grand Qur’ān:

a) Total occurrences: 30

b) No of constructions: 7 All Nouns

Ibn Faris [died 1005] stated:

(مقاييس اللغة)

وأما الهمزة والنون والثاء فقال الخليل وغيره: الأُنثى خلاف الذكر

That it signifies contr. of masculine; female, feminine.

Semantic Domain: Gender

Arabic nouns and verbs have either masculine or feminine gender. Biological and grammatical gender are the same.

Lane Lexicon

Classical Lexicons

Contr. Root: ذ ك ر

  • [contrary to her expectation of male child] Thereby, when she had delivered it (pregnancy), she said: "My Sustainer Lord! I have delivered her (pregnancy) a female".

  • -- And Allah the Exalted best knew about her that she had delivered --

  • -- And in any case the male is never like the female --.

  • [reverting from parenthetic, she had further said] "And I have named her Maryem

  • And I seek Your refuge for her and her (would be) offspring from the accursed Shai'atan [Satan]" [3:36]



Noun: Indefinite; feminine; singular; accusative/genitive. (1)3:36(2)3:195(3)4:124 (4)13:08(5)16:97(6)35:11(7)40:40(8)41:47(9)49:13=9  

                              اسم: منصوب/مجرور-واحدمؤنث


Noun: Indefinite; feminine; broken plural; accusative. (1)4:117(2)17:40(3)37:150 (4)42:49(5)42:50(6)43:19=6                                       اسم: منصوب-جمع  مؤنث


Noun: Definite; feminine; singular; nominative/genitive. (1)2:178(2)53:21(3) 53:27(4)53:45=4                                       اسم:معرفہ باللام-  مرفوع/مجرور-واحد مؤنث


Noun: Definite; feminine; singular; nominative, with prolongation sign.(1) 75:39(2)92:03=2                                               اسم:معرفہ باللام- منصوب-واحد مؤنث


Noun: Definite; feminine; dual; genitive. (1)4:11(2)4:176(3)6:143(4)6:143(5) 6:144(6)6:144=6                                                اسم:معرفہ باللام- مجرور-تثنية  مؤنث


Prepositional phrase:  بـِ Inseparable preposition   + Noun: Definite; feminine; singular; genitive.(1)2:178(2)16:58=2 جار و مجرور = بِ حرف جر + اسم مجرور-واحد-مؤنث


Possessive Phrase: Prefixed Exemplifying Noun "كَ" + Possessive Noun: Definite; feminine; singular; genitive. (1)3:36=1

       الإِضَافَةُ-"كَ" اسم: منصوب-/مضاف +   اسم:معرفہ باللام- مجرور-واحد مؤنث-مضاف إليه