Lane Lexicon

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Root: ى ق ن

Words from this Root in the Grand Qur'aan:

a) Total occurrences: 28 

b) No of constructions: 13

Ibn Faris [died 1005] stated:

(مقاييس اللغة)

الياء والقاف والنون: اليَقَن واليَقين: زَوال الشَّكِّ. يقال يَقِنْت، واستَيْقَنْت، وأيْقَنْت

That it signifies the disappearance of suspicion, doubt, mistrust, skepticalness.

: "Doubt" takes existence in mind only when someone receives some information about some object or subject that he considers not enough to grant him the feel of sureness and certainty. This state of mind, generally referred as "doubt", reflects ones lack of decision about the veracity of information reaching him. He may neither accept it nor discard it. "Some definitions of doubt emphasize the state in which the mind remains suspended between two contradictory propositions and unable to assent to either of them".

The Root signifies the concept of certainty, conviction, conclusiveness, complete confidence in the truth of something or an expected outcome. Death is inevitable, people are certain without an iota of doubt they will die, thereby, it is also used to denote death:

  • And continue subservience and allegiance to your Sustainer Lord until the Definite Moment/Death might arrive to you. [15:99]

  • And we kept contradicting the perception of accountability on the Day of Resurrection

  • Till the time the natural death had reached us." [74:46-47]



Verb: Perfect; Third Person; Singular; feminineت feminine marker; [Form-X]; Suffixed Object Pronoun: Third person; singular; feminine, in accusative state;  مصدر-إِسْتِيقَانٌ Verbal noun. (1)27:14=1

                                               فعل ماضٍ مبنى على الفتح + تَاء التانيث الساكنة/صيغة:-واحد مؤنث غائب-باب  اِفْتَعَلَ

                                          ضمير متصل مبنى على الفتح  في محل نصب مفعول به مقدم/ واحد مؤنث غائب



Active participle: Sound Plural; masculine; Genitive; [Form IV];  اِيقَانٌ  Verbal Noun. (1)6:75=1                                         اسم فاعل:معرفہ باللام- مجرور-جمع سالم مذكر/باب افعال



Noun: Definite; masculine; singular; nominative. (1)15:99(2)74:47=2

                                                                                                                اسم :معرفہ باللام-مرفوع- واحد مذكر



Noun: Definite; singular; Masculine; genitive. (1)56:95(2)69:51(3)102:05(4) 102:07=4                                                                                                  اسم :معرفہ باللام مجرور-واحد مذكر



Prepositional Phrase: بـِ Inseparable preposition + Active participle:  Indefinite; sound plural; masculine; genitive; [Form-X]. (1)45:32=1

                                                                        جار و مجرور = بِ حرف جر + اسم فاعل: مجرور-جمع سالم مذكر



Verb: Imperfect; second person; plural; masculine; [Form-IV]; Mood: Indicative, evident by نَ and [و] subject pronoun, in nominative state; مصدر-إِيْقَانٌ  Verbal noun. (1)13:02=1

                                 فعل مضارع مرفوع بثبوت النون/و-ضمير متصل في محل رفع فاعل-جمع مذكرحاضر/باب افعال



Prepositional Phrase: Inseparable preposition + Active participle: Definite Sound Plural; masculine; Genitive; [Form IV];  اِيقَانٌ Verbal Noun. (1) 51:20=1                             جار و مجرور = حرف جر +  اسم فاعل:معرفہ باللام- مجرور-جمع سالم مذكر/باب افعال



Prefixed Particle of Purpose + Verb: Imperfect; Third Person; Singular; Masculine; Mood: Subjunctive; [Form-X];  مصدر-إِسْتِيقَانٌ Verbal noun (1) 74:31=1           لام التعليل + ففعل مضارع منصوب بأن مضمرة بعد لام التعليل/صيغة:-واحدمذكرغائب-باب  اِفْتَعَلَ



Active participle: Sound Plural; masculine; nominative; [Form IV];  اِيقَانٌ  Verbal Noun. (1)32:12=1                                                         اسم فاعل:-مرفوع-جمع سالم مذكر/باب افعال



Active participle: Sound Plural; masculine; accusative; [Form IV];  اِيقَانٌ  Verbal Noun. (1)26:24(2)44:07=2                                         اسم فاعل:-منصوب-جمع سالم مذكر/باب افعال



Verb: Imperfect; Third Person; Plural; Masculine; Mood: Indicative evident by نَ ; [Form-IV]; Subject Pronoun "و" nominative state;  اِيقَانٌ Verbal  Noun]. (1)2:04(2)2:118(3)5:50(4)27:03(5)27:82(6)30:60(7)31:04(8)32:24(9)45:04(10)45:20(11) 52:36=11                فعل مضارع مرفوع بثبوت النون/و- ضمير متصل في محل رفع فاعل-جمع مذكر غائب/باب افعال



Noun: Indefinite; singular; Masculine; genitive. (1)27:22=1اسم :مجرور-واحد مذكر



Noun: Indefinite; masculine; singular; accusative. (1)4:157=1 اسم :منصوب-واحد مذكر


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