Ar'Reh'maan - Proper Noun, the personal name of Allah the Exalted

Note: It should be remembered that it is not the written text/part/Ayah of this  سُورة  [Chapter 55] and hence it is never numbered.  For convenience of those readers who are already believers, this is traditionally printed since it is commanded in the Qur'aan to read/recite with the Name of Sustainer Lord, The Creator.


Ayahs: 78; No of words: 389 correct 390 + 1(55:33Waw); Progressive total of words:  76,953 + 389 = 77,342 +1 (omitted in 55:54)

Contents: (1) Title; (2) Unitycohesion and coherence; (3) Main theme; (4) Segmentation (internal frames)

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Its title is taken from Ayah 1; it is Proper Noun, the personal name of Allah the Exalted.

Unique Literary feature:

In this Chapter the figure of speech termed Tautology is used in such manner that its parallel might not be found in the entire literature of all languages. Word Tautology is derived from the Greek word tauto, meaning “the same,” and logos, meaning “a word or an idea.” A grammatical tautology refers to an idea repeated within a phrase, paragraph, or sentence to give an impression that the writer is providing extra information. Tautology is often confused with repetition. Some authorities say repetition uses the same words, while tautology uses words with similar meanings. That tautology is the repetition – not of words, but of ideas.

Tautology has been used as a powerful tool to emphasize a particular idea and to draw reader's attention to different aspects of life.

A dependent sentence is used throughout the Chapter as tautology:

At every place words are same but the idea, meanings are different. The point that it is the best example of Tautology is also evident from the fact that it begins with conjunction Particle "Fa". It conjuncts clauses, semantically signifies cause and effect relationship and shows that later is subsequent to the former in time duration natural to taking its effect.

A dependent clause is always interpreted in relation to its preceding independent clause.

(2) Unitycohesion and coherence

(3) Main theme


(4) Segmentation (internal frames)

The striking feature of Sura is that the other name of Ar'Reh'maan the Exalted, i.e. Allah the Exalted is not mentioned in it.

The other salient feature is that two species are collectively addressed, i.e. Species Jinn and Human. Right from the beginning both species are addressed as Ayah 13 is the subordinate clause beginning with particle "Fa".

Yet another particularity is that the Sura begins with an information relating to the elevated Messenger Muhammad Sal'lallaa'hoalaih'wa'salam and ends by addressing him, instead of both Species.

Still another peculiarity is that a sentence: ,  in fact a subordinate clause, is repeated 31 times out of 78 Ayahs, indicating 32 distinct segments.

The noun: in the possessive phrase, definite by construct, stems from Root: ء ل و. Ibn Faris [died 1005] stated:

(مقاييس اللغة)

الهمزة واللام وما بعدهما في المعتلّ أصلان متباعدان: أحدهما الاجتهاد* والمبالغة [والآخر التقصير] والثاني خلاف ذلك الأوّل

That it has divergent - contrast meanings of diligence, jurisdictive, hyperbole disposing, and other is falling short of what was requisite or what is ought, default.

Its Semantic domain is thus: Performance. Performance denotes the accomplishment of a given task measured against known standards of accuracy and completeness.

It conveys meanings of execution, carrying out, carrying into action, the act of performing; doing something successfully, any recognized accomplishment.

Performance is with reference to accomplishment of a task. Thereby, the accomplished performance: - will mean and refer only to what is talked about - individual piece of work of particular nature: