Restriction/Confining Particle

[أداة حصر]


Restriction/Confining Particle with prolongation sign. [أداة حصر]

This is [أداة حصر]: Restriction/Confining Particle, also termed الاِسْتِثْنَاءُ: Exception. Its use and meanings are quite near to core meanings of English word "Except": a grammatical word indicating the only person or thing that does not apply to a statement just made, or a fact that modifies the truth of that statement; further denotes excluding: other than; and as a transitive verb means omit: to leave out or exclude somebody or something.

What is excepted or excluded is called: الْمُسْتَثْنَى: and that from which it is excepted is called:  الْمُسْتَثْنَى مِنْهُ. However, in Arabic this particle can be used in two situation where الْمُسْتَثْنَى مِنْهُ is earlier mentioned or is not mentioned

Exception is thus of two types:

1.تَامٌّ: both the things, that which is excepted and the thing from which exception is made

2. مُفَرَّعٌ: The thing from which exception is made is not mentioned. Declension in this case is as if exception particle was not there. [bifurcated, branched]

First type can further be of two types:

 مُنْقَطِعٌ: Both are of different kind; or مُتَّصِلٌ: both are of same kind.

 مُتَّصِلٌ: When both are of same kind their declension is determined by nature of sentences:

If the sentence is negative, prohibitive or interrogative, the excepted is either accusative or will match case of thing from which exception is made,

If the sentence is affirmative, the excepted object is always in accusative case.

Recurrence: 664

First occurrence:

  • They seek by contrary to fact verbal assertion to beguile Allah the Exalted;

 

  • And to deceptively convince those have heartily believed [the Messenger and Grand Qur’ān].

 

  • -- However, in fact they deceive none by false declaration of belief except their own selves;

  • And they analyze not to realize-perceive this fact [since do not see beyond their selfish stakes] --. [2:09]

 

(1)2:09(2)2:34(3)2:78(4)2:80(5)2:210(6)2:229(7)2:235(8)2:237(9)2:267(10)2:269(11)2:282(12)3:07(13)3:24(14)3:28(15)3:69(16)3:111(17)3:147(18)4:19(19)4:29(20)4:62(21)4:92(22)4:113(23) 4:117(24)5:59(25)5:73(26)6:23(27)6:25(28)6:26(29)6:38(30)6:80(31)6:111(32)6:145(33)6:158(34)7:05(35)7:11(36)7:20(37)7:82(38)7:89(39)7:94(40)7:126(41)8:31(42)9:32(43)9:52(44)9:54(45) 9:74(46)9:110(47)9:118(48)10:19(49)10:35(50)12:25(51)12:40(52)12:40(53)12:66(54)12:76(55)14:22(56)15:31(57)15:59(58)16:02(59)16:33(60)17:23(61)17:59(62)17:61(63)17:67(64)17:94(65) 18:24(66)18:49(67)18:50(68)18:55(69)19:93(70)20:14(71)20:116(72)21:25(73)21:87(74)22:40(75)22:52(76)23:83(77)24:06(78)25:04(79)25:20(80)27:56(81)27:68(82)28:19(83)29:24(84)29:29(85) 33:06(86)33:22(87)33:53(88)34:43(89)38:70(90)38:74(91)45:25(92)46:17(93)53:23(94)54:34(95)65:01(96)74:39(97)74:56(98)76:30(99)81:29(100)85:08=100

: (1)2:26(2)2:32(3)2:45(4)2:78(5)2:83(6)2:83(7)2:85(8)2:99(9)2:102(10)2:111(11)2:114(12)2:130(13)2:132(14)2:143(15)2:143(16)2:150(17)2:160(18)2:163(19)2:171(20)2:174(21)2:193(22) 2:213(23)2:233(24)2:246(25)2:249(26)2:249(27)2:255(28)2:255(29)2:255(30)2:272(31)2:275(32)2:286(33)3:02(34)3:06(35)3:07(36)3:18(37)3:18(38)3:19(39)3:41(40)3:62(41)3:64(42)3:65(43)3:73 (44)3:75(45)3:89 (46)3:93(47)3:102(48)3:112(49)3:126(50)3:126(51)3:135(52)3:144(53)3:145(54)3:185(55)4:22(56)4:23(57)4:24(58)4:43(59)4:46(60)4:64 (61)4:66(62)4:83(63)4:84(64)4:87(65) 4:90(66)4:92(67)4:98(68)4:114(69)4:117(70)4:120(71)4:142(72)4:146(73)4:148(74)4:155(75)4:157 (76)4:159(77)4:169(78)4:171(79)5:01(80)5:03(81)5:13(82)5:25(83)5:34(84)5:75(85)5:99(86) 5:110(87)5:117(88)6:04(89)6:07(90)6:17(91)6:29(92)6:32(93)6:47(94)6:48(95)6:50(96)6:57(97)6:59(98)6:59(99)6:59(100)6:90(101)6:102(102)6:106(103)6:116(104)6:116(105)6:119(106)6:123 (107)6:128(108)6:138(109)6:146(110)6:148(111)6:148(112)6:151(113)6:152(114)6:152(115)6:160(116)6:164(117)7:42(118)7:53(119)7:58(120)7:83(121)7:99(122)7:105(123)7:147(124)7:155 (125)7:158(126)7:169(127)7:184(128)7:187(129)7:187(130)7:188(131)7:188(132)8:10(133)8:10(134)8:16(135)8:34(136)8:35(137)8:72(138)8:73(139)9:04(140)9:07(141)9:18(142)9:31(143)9:31 (144)9:38(145)9:39(146)9:40(147)9:47(148)9:51(149)9:54(150)9:54(151)9:79(152)9:107(153)9:114(154)9:120(155)9:121(156)9:129(157)10:03(158)10:05(159)10:15(160)10:32(161)10:36(162) 10:45(163)10:49(164)10:52(165)10:61(166)10:61(167)10:66(168)10:66(169)10:72(170)10:83(171)10:90(172)10:98(173)10:100(174)10:102(175)10:107(176)11:02(177)11:06(178)11:07(179)11:11 (180)11:14(181)11:16(182)11:26(183)11:27(184)11:27(185)11:29(186)11:36(187)11:40(188)11:40(189)11:43(190)11:47(191)11:50(192)11:51(193)11:54(194)11:56(195)11:81(196)11:88(197) 11:88(198)11:104(199)11:105(200)11:107(201)11:108(202)11:109(203)11:116(204)11:119(205)12:31(206)12:33(207)12:37(208)12:40(209)12:47(210)12:48(211)12:53(212)12:64(213)12:67(214) 12:68(215)12:79(216)12:81(217)12:87(218)12:104(219)12:106(220)12:109(221)13:14(222)13:14(223)13:26(224)13:30(225)13:38(226)14:04(227)14:09(228)14:10(229)14:11(230)14:11(231)15:04 (232)15:08(233)5:11(234)15:18(235)15:21(236)15:21(237)15:40(238)15:42(239)15:56(240)15:60(241)15:85(242)16:07(243)16:35(244)16:43(245)16:64(246)16:77(247)16:79(248)16:106(249) 16:127(250)17:33(251)17:34(252)17:41(253)17:44(254)17:47(255)17:52(256)17:58(257)17:59(258)17:60(258)17:60(260)917:62(261)17:64(262)17:76(263)17:82(264)17:85(265)17:87(266)17:89 (267)17:93(268)17:99(269)17:102(270)17:105(271)18:05(272)18:16(273)18:22(274)18:22(275)18:39(276)18:56(277)18:63(278)19:60(279)19:62(280)19:64(281)19:71(282)19:87(283)20:03(284) 20:08(285)20:98(286)20:103(287)20:104(288)20:108(289)20:109(290)21:02(291)21:03(292)21:07(293)21:32(294)21:25(295)21:28(296)21:36(297)21:58(298)21:107(299)22:30(300)22:65(301) 23:06(302)23:24(303)23:25(304)23:27(305)23:33(306)23:37(307)23:38(308)23:62(309)23:114(310)23:116(311)24:03(312)24:03(313)24:05(314)24:31(315)24:31(316)24:54(317)25:08(318)25:33 (319)25:41(320)25:44(321)25:50(322)25:56(323)25:57(324)25:68(325)25:70(326)26:05(327)26:77(328)26:89(329)26:99(330)26:109(331)26:113(332)26:115(333)26:127(334)26:137(335)26:145 (336)26:154(337)26:164(338)26:171(339)26:180(340)26:186(341)26:208(342)26:227(343)27:11(344)27:26(345)27:57(346)27:65(347)27:75(348)27:81(349)27:87(350)27:90(351)28:36(352)28:58 (353)28:59(354)28:70(355)28:80(356)28:84(357)28:86(358)28:88(359)28:88(359)29:14(360)29:18(361)29:32(362)29:33(363)29:43(364)28:46(365)29:46(366)29:47(367)29:49(368)29:64(369)30:08(370) 30:53(371)30:58(372)31:28(373)31:32(374)33:12(375)33:13(376)33:14(377)33:16(378)33:18(379)33:20(380)33:39(381)33:52(382)33:60(383)34:03(384)34:14(385)34:17(386)34:20(387)34:21 (388)34:23(389)34:28(390)34:33(391)34:34(392)34:37(393)34:43(394)34:43(395)34:46(396)34:47(397)35:03(398)35:11(399)35:11(400)35:23(401)35:24(402)35:39(403)35:39(404)35:40(405) 35:42(406)35:43(407)35:43(408)36:15(409)36:15(410)36:17(411)36:29(412)36:30(413)36:44(414)36:46(415)36:47(416)36:49(417)36:53(418)36:54(419)36:69(420)37:10(421)37:15(422)37:35 (423)37:39(424)37:40(425)37:59(426)37:74(427)37:128(428)37:135(429)37:160(430)37:163(431)37:164(432)38:07(433)38:14(434)38:15(435)38:24(436)38:65(437)38:83(438)38:87(439)39:03 (440)39:06(441)39:68(442)40:03(443)40:04(444)40:13(445)40:25(446)40:29(447)40:29(448)40:37(449)40:40(450)40:50(451)40:56(452)40:62(453)40:65(454)40:78(455)41:14(456)41:35(457) 41:43(458)41:47(459)42:14(460)42:23(461)42:48(462)42:51(463)43:07(464)43:20(465)43:23(466)43:27(467)43:48(468)43:58(469)43:59(470)43:66(471)43:67(472)43:86(473)44:08(474)44:35 (475)44:39(476)44:42(477)44:56(478)45:17(479)45:24(480)45:24(481)45:24(482)45:32(483)46:03(484)46:09(485)46:09(486)46:17(487)46:21(488)46:25(489)46:35(490)46:35(491)47:18(492) 47:19(493)48:15(494)50:18(495)51:42(496)51:52(497)51:56(498)53:04(499)53:23(500)53:26(501)53:28(502)53:29(503)53:32(504)53:39(505)54:50(506)55:33(507)55:60(508)56:26(509)56:56 (510)57:20(511)57:22(512)57:27(513)58:02(514)58:07(515)58:07(516)58:07(517)58:10(518)59:14(519)59:22(520)59:23(521)60:04(522)64:11(523)64:13(524)65:07(525)67:09(526)67:19(527) 67:20(528)68:52(529)69:36(530)69:37(531)70:22(532)70:30(533)71:06(534)71:21(535)71:24(536)71:27(537)71:28(538)72:23(539)72:27(540)73:02(541)73:09(542)74:24(543)74:25(544)74:31 (545)74:31(546)74:31(547)74:31(548)78:25(549)78:30(550)78:38(551)79:46(552)81:27(553)83:12(554)84:25(555)87:07(556)88:06(557)88:23(558)92:15(559)92:20(560)95:06(561)98:04(562) 98:05(563)103:03=564 (error corrected at 359)
 

As Condition particle + Negation particle.(1)9:39(2)9:40(3)11:47(4)12:33(5)  إن شرطية. «لا» نافية