persons affiliated with the set of people in the populace
: (الجار والمجرور متعلقان بمحذوف خبر مقدم) Prepositional Phrase; Preposition signifies a sub-set of Set which is its object noun - a definite plural noun denoting certain people in the populace.
: (اسم جمع لا واحد له من لفظه) Noun: Definite by prefixed article; Plural; Masculine; genitive. It has no singular, it stems from Root: ء ن س
Syntactic analysis and explanation of Ayah
وَمِنَ ٱلنَّاسِ مَن : Recurrence: (1)2:8(2)2:165(3)2:204(4)2:207(5)22:3(6)22:8(7)22:11(8)29:10(9)31:6(10)31:20
: Recurrence: (1)2:8(2)29:10=2
This is the topic sentence of the paragraph. It is an inverted nominal sentence with a recommencing/conjunction particle - a course coordinator. Prepositional phrase:relates to elided fronted predicate. The prepositional phrase signifies the presence of a sub-set—certain group of people in the society. The delayed Subject is Relative Pronoun: "he who", and its relative clause is verbal sentence: "he says, proclaims before others". Its hidden subject pronoun links to the Relative Pronoun. What he says is called: مقول القول and the expression is the direct object of the verb: "We have accepted the belief in Allah the Exalted and the Last Day". The factual position of their claim is exposed by the following circumstantial clause which is a nominal sentence with negation particle: which is called "The one that Resembles ليس: stated as: [المشبهة بـ"ليس"]—But the position is that in truth and entailment they are certainly not the believers.
The prepositional phrase signifies for we the readers located within the twenty-first century a reference about the presence of a sub-set—certain group of people in the society. But who were they in the seventh-century audience of Grand Qur’ān? The people living in those days in Madina were divided into three sub-sets with distinct identities; firstly the emigrant believers who had migrated from Mecca, secondly Anssar the original residents of Madina who provided help and shelter to the emigrant believers, and thirdly the People of Book comprising of Jews and those who named themselves as Nisara (Christians in common parlance). Which was the sub-set referred by this phrase? Obviously, the first two were not its referent because about them the information we have:
Know the fact about the forerunners who took the lead-precedence in believing amongst the immigrants and the local accommodators-helpers; and those who affectionately followed their footsteps appropriately in decent manner:
Allah the Exalted has appreciated and approved them; and they are admiringly happy with Allah the Exalted.
And He the Exalted has prepared for them:
Gardens with canals of water flowing side by wherein they shall reside perpetually.
This approval and appreciation of Allah the Exalted is the grand achievement/success. [9:100]
We are left with the third sub-set of people of Madina of seventh-century, the Jews and Christians. It is later clarified that the earliest Muna'fi'qeen (Imposter believers—the Narcissist in the society of believers of exalted last Messenger Muhammad Sal'lallaa'hoalaih'wa'salam) were people of the segment of society identified as Jews. There were not a single Muna'fiq in Mecca since no one proclaims allegiance and belief to please or deceive a people who have no authority and power in the society. Similarly there was no Munafiq from amongst the Christians.
Henceforth, the Fools: Muna'afiqeen-averted from Procedural Code of Community of Iebra'heim [alai'his'slaam] amongst the People will keep enquiring-conversing amongst themselves;
"What is that which has caused them turn away from their Qib'la'tae; Focal Point, the one [East or West] upon which they henceforth adhered?"
You the Messenger Muhammad [Sal'lallaa'hoalaih'wa'salam] pronounce to new comers in Islam from the people of Book: "The East and the West are the domain exclusively for Allah the Exalted.
He the Exalted keeps guiding him; about whom He the Exalted so decides, towards the High road: Course that keeps heading safely and stably to the destination of peace and tranquility." [2:142]
And notice that despite seeing explicit manifestations of Oneness of Universe there are people who consciously and purposely adopt miscellaneous participatory lords besides Allah the Exalted.
Such people adore those self adopted participatory lords like the adoration of Allah the Exalted.
And those who have heartily accepted-believed have the greatest and deepest adoration-reverence-affiliation exclusively for Allah the Exalted .
And better was it if those who misplace and distort the reality with unfounded conjectural concept could now realize that which they will realize seeing the chastisement;
That all the power-authority is exclusively and absolutely for Allah the Exalted.
And beware that Allah the Exalted awards quite severe punishment. [2:165]
And there is a pseudo intellectual amongst people whose words-thoughts about worldly life seem exotic-astounding-strange to you.
And he magniloquently cites Allah the Exalted as witness upon that which he perceives in his heart-mind.
And he is the most contentious. [2:204]
And there exists a person amongst the people who keeps devoting-sacrificing his Self in vigorous pursuit only for obtaining the approval-appreciation of Allah the Exalted.
And be sure that Allah the Exalted is Gracious-Protector-Gentle with/for His allegiants. [2:207]
People who persistently deny the Aa'ya'at: Unitary passages of the Book of Allah the Exalted;
And who embark upon character assassination of : the Chosen and exalted Allegiants of Allah the Exalted by contrary to fact slanderous and libelous statements to distance-ill-repute them from people's reverence;
And they ill-repute and distance those people of society who bid for balanced and just conduct:
Accordingly, they indeed deserve recompense; therefore, you the Messenger [Sal'lallaa'hoalaih'wa'salam] give them the "good news" of severe torment in wait for them. [3:21]
Beware, the state of subjugation and dependence is struck upon them as distinguished feature where ever they were found. The exception is in circumstances when they have taken refuge by tying with the "Rope": the Book received from Allah the Exalted and when a unifying "rope" is afforded by certain people.
And they have made their selves liable to criminal cognizance - arrest by the decree of Allah the Exalted.
And disdain - contemptibility is struck upon them as distinguished feature.
This eventuality is because they persistently refused to accept the Aa'ya'at: Verbal passages of the Book - Unprecedented Displays of Allah the Exalted.
In addition, this eventuality is for their continued effort in character assassination of the Chosen and exalted Allegiants of Allah the Exalted by contrary to fact slanderous and libelous statements to distance-ill-repute them from people's reverence;
This happened to them because they did not accept the Word and purposely kept transgressing and going beyond prescribed limits. [3:112]
They; for whom you are advised not to contend, hide-secrete from people. But they can not secrete from Allah the Exalted:
Since He the Exalted is with them when they structure-fabricate-whisper such statement contrary to what they heard from you the Messenger [4:81]; an activity which He does not like and approve;
Know it; Allah the Exalted always encompasses all acts that they do. [4:108]
And it is imperative that you the Messenger adjudge between them in the light of that which Allah the Exalted has since communicated in the Book.
And you the Messenger should not incline to pursue the conjectures and hearsay of theirs: Jews and Christians.
And be careful of them that they might try you in some content of that which Allah the Exalted has conveyed to you;
Thereat you having adjudged by injunctions-information contained in the Book: if they turned back then be informed that Allah the Exalted will decide to inflict them with some of the share and result of their sins.
Know it; quite many of people are certainly aberrant: mischief-mongers: practice unrestrained conduct; bind themselves not within the frame of the Book of Allah. [5:49]
O you the Messenger [Sal'lallaa'hoalaih'wa'salam] listen; you keep pronouncing and transcribing to people that which has compositely been sent to you by your Sustainer Lord.
[don't wait for response and don't feel grieved that they don't accept it] It is necessary because should you not keep delivering what has been sent; thereby you would not finish and bring to an end the miscellany of message of Him the Exalted.
Remain assured; Allah the Exalted will keep protecting you from people [who are getting annoyed and irritated with incoming message and wish that nothing further is communicated].
Be aware; Allah the Exalted does not guide against their will the people who persistently and deliberately refuse to accept. [5:67]
Be informed; When Shai'taan had made their deeds, preparations alluring for them;
And inspired/said for them: "None at all a dominant is there amongst the people who could be overpowering for you people in battle today. And I am by your side - neighbourhood."
Subsequent to advancing, when the two hostile forces came in sight to each other he, Shait'aan, turned away on his heels:
Announcing, "I am absolved from you people [what I inspired earlier to you]. Indeed I am seeing [Angels were coming in succession] what you people are not seeing. Certainly I fear Allah."
The fact remains that Allah the Exalted is stern in dispensing justice-awarding due punishment to criminals. [8:48]
Therefore, Our Majesty will today render you preserved along with your scale armour to make you a symbol for him who succeeds you".
However, fact remains that most of people are indeed neglectful and heedless of Our Aa'ya'at: eye opening existents. [10:92]
My Sustainer Lord, indeed they have caused straying many people.
Therefore, whoever followed me in practice, thereat, he is of me whether or not related by blood.
And whoever refused to accept my word;
Then judgment is Yours, indeed You are oft-forgiving, the Fountain of Mercy." [14:36]
"Our Sustainer Lord! I have settled one of my progeny near the Sacred House of You the Exalted, in the valley which is characteristically other than the possessor-capable of cultivation for crop production.
Our Sustainer Lord! The purpose of this settlement is that they might institutionalize the As-Sal'aat: Time Bound Protocol of Servitude and allegiance;
Therefore, kindly render the thoughtful minds amongst the people that they yearn for them, emptying their long cherished traditions.
And provide them sustenance from fruits so that they might express gratitude. [14:37]
Notice the person amongst the people who wrangles about Allah the Exalted without having any concrete knowledge;
And he literally follows purposefully every Shaitaan - devilish minded who is void of any good. [22:03]
Notice the person amongst the people who wrangles about the Aa'ya'at: Verbal Passages of Allah the Exalted arguing by conjectural unsubstantiated myths void of knowledge;
And without guidance and without the visible light-reflecting—enlightening book; [22:08]
And there is a man with conceptual understanding and psyche amongst human beings: he owes and professes allegiance to Allah the Exalted in a state of mind upon a verge;
Thereat, if pleasantness has become his fortune, he contented himself with such allegiance.
And in case an irritating and unpleasant situation afflicted him; he about-faced.
He has thus caused to himself the loss in this World and the Hereafter.
This sort of about-facing is what the manifest loss is truly. [22:11]
Have you not yet given a thought that in fact Allah the Exalted is the only One for Whom whoever is living - existing in the Skies and in the Earth makes his self acknowledge and submit humbly in surrender, and will make himself acknowledge and submit humbly in surrender, [in a state of willful and affectionate acceptance with reverence, and so under compulsion of coercive circumstances-13:15]
Moreover, the Sun, and the Moon, and the Stars, and the Mountains, and the Plants, and the Animals make themselves humbly submissive for Allah the Exalted.
Moreover, many from amongst human beings make themselves humbly submit and prostrate for Allah the Exalted.
Be mindful that, many of the human beings are those, the corporal punishment has become incumbent upon them.
Mind it that in case Allah the Exalted declares someone as degraded, thereupon, there is none who bestow dignity and honour to revive for him his grading.
Indeed Allah the Exalted is Innovative Performer of whatever He intends-desires-decides. [22:18] [please prostrate, it helps getting near to Allah]
Allah the Exalted selects and dignifies many of the Angels and Human beings as messengers.
Be mindful of the fact that Allah the Exalted is eternally the Listener and Observer [of everything/act is in His focus]. [22:75]
And when he reached at the watering place of city Madyan—
He found thereat a group of men watering mammals and he found besides them two ladies holding back their mammals.
He asked the ladies, "What is the matter of you both!"
They said, "We cannot water until the shepherds take away their mammals.
And [they indicated to the stranger cause of their presence in men] our father is quiet an old man." [28:23]
And amongst (in those days, Jew) people, there are those who say, claiming "We have accepted the belief in Allah";
Whereupon when he is disturbed/disquieted being on the cause of Allah he declares the unpleasant and irritating/trial by people like the infliction of Allah;
And if the victory/help is reached from your Sustainer Lord they will certainly emphatically proclaim, "It is certain that we were with you people".
[look at them how naively they lodge false claim] Is Allah not fully knowledgeable about that which is in the hearts of people of worlds. [29:10]
Have they not yet indulged in deep thinking - reflected objectively about their own selves?
Had they reflected they would have realized that Allah the Exalted has not created the Skies and the Earth and all that which exists between these two but in the manner of conditioning them by infallible governing rules for a determined purpose;
And for a duration with a determined-named moment of its expiry.
However, it is a fact that quite a large number of people are certainly the disavowers of accountability by their Sustainer Lord. [30:08]
Know it; There is someone amongst the people who purposely indulges in publicizing conjectural myths and fabricated stories:
That he mighty cause neglectfulness and stray non-knowledgeable people away from the Path of Allah the Exalted; with assertions other than based on authentic knowledge;
And that he might deliberately adopt her: the Path; contemptuously and mockingly:
Such are the people: humiliating punishment is prepared and is in wait for them. [31:06]
Have you people [despite existing-living in 21st century] not yet seen-given a thought to the fact that Allah the Exalted has subjected-subjugated all which is located in the Skies and in the Earth solely for you people to a set discipline-relativity?
Moreover, He the Exalted has amply extended upon you people His bounties, in the state visibly apparent and infolded [in things].
However, yet amongst the people is the one who wrangles about Allah the Exalted [Aa'ya'at/manifestations of] without having any concrete knowledge;
And without guidance and without the visible light-reflecting—enlightening book; [but with conjectural unsubstantiated myths]. [31:20]
Progressive number of grammatical units: = + 25