Prepositional Phrase

for them


First occurrence:

  • Allah the Exalted has sealed the wraps upon their hearts-intellectual consciousness and upon their faculty of listening - acoustic faculty.

 

  • Know it, a veil extends upon their faculties of observation - optical faculty.

  • Be mindful, a grave torment is in waitprepared for them [on the Day of Resurrection]. [2:07]

Syntactic analysis and explanation of Ayah

Prepositional phrase: Prefixed preposition لَ  + suffixed Personal Pronoun: Third person; masculine; plural; genitive state

This is inverted nominal sentence. Though it is a recommencing sentence, it is a dependent clause because of the presence of the pronoun referring to antecedent entity. The prepositional phrase relates to the fronted elided predicate. The basic principle of ellipsis is that nothing can be omitted unless it can be recovered from other elements. But it must be transferred to the target language text otherwise a reader, who is non-conversant with the source language, will feel ambiguity. The best way to avoid translational losses that might create ambiguity in target text is to incorporate the elided element by taking it from another statement of Grand Qur’ān. The delayed subject is Adjectival Phrase. The elided element that I have mentioned in the translation above is mentioned later on:

  • And a great torment is in wait prepared for them in the Hereafter. [Refer 2:114] 

 

  • Be mindful, Our Majesty have prepared for the disavowers - ungrateful people a humbling chastisement, disgracing. [Refer 4:37;  also in 4:102, 4:151 ;4:161]

 

Recurrence: 416

Prepositional phrase: Prefixed preposition لَ ; + suffixed Personal Pronoun: Third person; masculine; plural; genitive state. (1)2:20(2)3:22(3)3:56(4)3:91(5)4:157 (6)4:173(7)5:09(8)5:36(9)6:28(10)6:51(11)7:41(12)8:38(13)8:60(14)9:115(15)9:120(16)10:21(17)10:27 (18)10:80(19)11:11(20)11:20(21)12:35(22)13:11(23)13:14(24)13:18(25)13:34(26)16:24(27) 16:37(28)16:57(29)18:05(30)18:26(31)18:32 (32)18:45(33)19:50(34)20:61(35)21:101(36)22:21(37)22:50(38)22:71(39)24:26(40)26:43(41)27:37(42)30:29(43)32:17(44)33:17(45)33:35 (46)33:47 (47)34:04(48)35:07(49)36:13(50)36:42(51)36:57(52)36:71(53)38:10(54)39:16(55)39:34(56)39:47(57)40:21(58)41:25(59)41:48(60)42:08(61)42:21(62)42:22(63)42:35(64)42:46(65)43:20(66)45:24 (67)49:03(68)50:35(69)53:28(70)67:12(71)69:08(72)71:25=72

Prepositional phrase: Prefixed preposition لَ  + suffixed Personal Pronoun: Third person; masculine; plural; genitive state  (1)2:07(2)2:10(3)2:11(4)2:13(5)2:25(6) 2:25(7)2:59(8)2:65(9)2:91(10)2:114(11)2:114(12)2:114(13)2:174(14)2:202(15)2:247(16)2:248(17)2:277(18)3:04(19)3:77(20)3:77(21)3:91(22)3:105(23)3:159(24)3:159(25)3:167(26)3:176(27)3:176 (28)3:177(29)3:178(30)3:178 (31)3:178(32)3:188(33)3:195(34)3:198(35)3:199(36)4:05(37)4:08(38)4:18(39)4:53(40)4:61(41)4:77(42)4:137(43)4:138(44)4:145(45)4:154(46)4:157(47)4:160(48) 4:168(49)5:04(50)5:33(51)5:33(52)5:36(53)5:37(54)5:41(55)5:41(56)5:80(57)5:104(58)5:117(59)5:118(60)5:119(61)6:70(62)6:127(63)7:16(64)7:40(65)7:138(66)7:162(67)7:166(68)7:179(69)7:179 (70)7:179(71)7:183(72)7:192(73)7:195(74)7:195(75)7:195(76)8:34(77)9:05(78)9:07(79)9:12(80)9:37(81)9:43(82)9:47(83)9:61(84)9:68(85)9:74(86)9:79(87)9:80(88)9:80(89)9:80(90)9:80(91)9:89 (92)9:90(93)9:100(94)9:113(95)9:121(96)10:02(97)10:04(98)11:16(99)11:106(100)12:77(101)13:18(102)13:22(103)13:25(104)13:29(105)13:38(106)14:04(107)14:11(108)14:22(109)15:39(110) 16:31(111)16:63(112)16:73(113)16:104(114)16:106(115)16:117(116)17:09(117)17:10(118)17:97(119)17:99(120)18:02(121)18:31(122)18:52(123)18:105(124)18:107(125)19:50(126)19:62(127) 19:81(128)19:84(129)19:98(130)20:77(131)20:88(132)20:89(133)20:90(134)20:101(135)20:113(136)20:128(137)21:43(138)21:82(139)21:100(140)22:19(141)22:28(142)22:46(143)22:57(144) 23:56(145)23:63(146)24:04(147)24:19(148)24:23(149)24:30(150)24:55(151)24:55(152)25:15(153)26:14(154)26:92(155)26:106(156)26:124(157)26:142(158)26:161(159)26:177(160)26:211(161) 27:04(162)27:05(163)27:82(164)28:06(165)28:08(166)28:64(167)29:23(168)31:06(169)31:08(170)32:20(171)32:26(172)33:44(173)33:57(174)33:64(175)34:05(176)34:22(177)34:37(178)35:07 (179)35:10(180)35:36(181)35:40(182)36:43(183)36:47(184)36:57(185)36:72(186)36:73(187)36:75(188)37:09(189)37:35(190)37:41(191)37:67(192)38:26(193)39:20(194)39:48(195)39:71(196) 39:73(197)40:52(198)40:73(199)41:08(200)41:25(201)41:28(202)41:53(203)42:16(204)42:21(205)42:21(206)42:26(207)42:42(208)45:09(209)45:10(210)45:11(211)45:33(212)46:04(213)46:06 (214)46:26(215)47:06(216)47:11(217)47:13(218)47:15(219)47:18(220)47:20(221)47:25(222)47:25(223)47:34(224)48:06(225)51:43(226)52:38(227)52:43(228)57:07(229)57:18(230)57:18(231) 57:19(232)58:15(233)59:03(234)58:15(235)63:05(236)63:06(237)63:06(238)63:06(239)64:05(240)65:10(241)67:05(242)68:41(243)68:45(244)71:07(245)71:09(246)71:09(247)74:49(248)76:31 (249)77:36(250)84:20(251)84:25(252)85:10(253)85:11(254)88:06(255)91:13=255

Prepositional phrase: Prefixed preposition لَ  + suffixed Personal Pronoun : Third person; masculine; plural; genitive state; Vowel sign  ـُ for reason اجتماع  الساكنين of cluster of two vowel-less consonants.  (1)2:109(2)2:170(3)2:243(4)3:173(5)4:64(6)4:102(7)4:154(8)5:75(9)6:43(10)6:82(11)7:157(12)7:161(13)8:48(14)9:88(15)9:111(16) 10:64(17)11:20(18)13:25(19)16:39(20)16:62(21)16:62(22)16:63(23)16:64(24)18:58(25)19:96(26)20:75(27)24:62(28)25:60(29)27:24(30)28:51(31)28:68(32)29:38(33)31:21(34)33:36(35)34:52(36) 36:45(37)37:149(38)37:172(39)37:173(40)39:17(41)40:52(42)44:13(43)47:25(44)47:32(45)77:48=45

Prepositional phrase: Prefixed preposition لَ  + suffixed Personal Pronoun : Third person; masculine; plural; genitive state; Vowel sign  ـُ for reasonاجتماع الساكنين of cluster of two vowel-less consonants. (1)2:246(2)24:49(3)36:33(4)36:37(5)38:50=5

Prepositional phrase: Prefixed preposition لَّ ; + suffixed Personal Pronoun: Third person; masculine; plural; genitive state. (1)2:79(2)2:79(3)3:110(4)3:180(5) 8:74(6)18:58(7)18:90(8)30:13=8

Prepositional phrase: Prefixed preposition لَّ ; + suffixed Personal Pronoun: Third person; masculine; plural; genitive state. (1)2:220(2)2:262(3)3:180(4)4:46(5) 4:57(6)4:63(7)4:66(8)5:05(9)7:138(10)8:04(11)9:21(12)9:74(13)9:99(14)9:103(15)13:34(16)17:28(17)21:58(18)24:06(19)25:16(20)26:197(21)28:57(22)36:41(23)41:24(24)46:35(25)47:08(26)47:12 (27)47:21(28)49:05(29)52:24(30)54:27(31)60:10=31


Interrogative particle + Prepositional Phrase: لَ Prefixed/Inseparable preposition + Personal Pronoun: Third person; masculine; plural; genitive state. (1)7:195=1

Progressive number of grammatical units: =   + 416