Negative and Jussive particle


: It is a Negative and Jussive particle. When: is prefixed to imperfect verb, it causes the following changes:

(1) The meaning of imperfect verb are into a negative past tense with emphasis.

(2) The indicative mood of the imperfect verb [مُضَارِع مَرْفُوعٌ] becomes jussive mood [مُضَارِع مَجْزُومٌ] which means replacement of vowel sign  ـُ  on the last consonant of the verb by placing a small sign [] called [جَزْمٌ].

(3) The consonant and vowel [نَ,نِ] termed as نُون إِعْرَابِي is dropped or elided from the imperfect verb; [these are seven; (1) third person masculine dual (2) third person masculine plural (3) third person feminine dual, (4) second person masculine dual, (5)second person masculine plural, (6) second person feminine singular, (7) second person feminine dual].

First occurrence:

  • General information about those who have disavowed the Creator

  • It is same in effect upon them whether you the Messenger [Sal'lallaa'hoalaih'wa'salam] have cautioned them of potential consequences or have not yet cautioned them

 

 

  • They believe not. [for reasons hereinafter given]. [2:06]

Another negation and jussive particle is: which is also a time adverb. Differences between and are related to following matters:

1. With Lamma conditional particle is not associated whereas with Lam it is permissible as in 5:67;

2. With Lamma there is continuous negation from a point in the past until the present time. With Lam, there is the possibility of continuous negation, however, the possibility of lack of continuance also exists.

3. Lamma is only used to negate the near past while Lam is used to negate the distant past.

4. With the particle Lamma there is an expectation that the action will occur. On the other hand, when Lam is used , there is no expectation of that action to occur afterwards.


Recurrences:

 [حرف جزم و قلب و نفي] Negative/Jussive Particle. (1)2:06(2)(3)2:151(4)2:236(5)2:239(6)2:247(7)2:259(8)2:283(9)3:47(10)3:135(11)3:151(12)3:170(13)3:188(14)4:72(15)4:102(16) 4:113(17)4:152(18)4:168(19)5:20(20)5:27(21)5:41(22)5:41(23)5:41(24)6:06(25)6:23(26)6:81(27)6:82(28)6:91(29)6:93(30)6:101(31)6:110(32)6:121(33)6:158(34)7:11(35)7:33(36)7:46(37)7:203 (38)8:53(39)8:72(40)9:04(41)9:04(42)9:16(43)9:18(44)9:74(45)10:39(46)11:20(47)12:52(48)12:77(49)13:18(50)15:33(51)16:120(52)17:111(53)17:111(54)17:111(55)18:01(56)18:33(57)18:42(58) 18:43(59)18:53(60)18:68(61)18:78(62)18:82(63)19:04(64)19:07(65)19:09(66)19:14(67)19:20(68)19:20(69)19:32(70)19:43(71)19:67(72)20:94(73)20:96(74)20:115(75)20:127(76)22:71(77)23:68 (78)23:69(79)24:04(80)24:06(81)24:13(82)24:31(83)24:35(84)24:39(85)24:40(86)24:58(87)25:02(88)25:02(89)25:28(90)25:67(91)25:67(92)25:73(93)26:136(94)27:10(95)27:22(96)27:84(97)28:31 (98)28:58(99)30:13(100)33:19(101)33:20(102)33:25(103)36:10(104)39:42(105)39:47(106)42:21(107)46:11(108)46:33(109)46:35(110)48:21(111)48:27(112)49:15(113)53:29(114)53:36(115)55:56 (116)55:74(117)58:08(118)58:13(119)59:02(120)60:08(121)60:08(122)62:05(123)63:06(124)65:4(125)69:25(126)69:26(127)74:43(128)74:44(129)76:1(130)79:46(131)85:10(132)89:8(133)96:5 (134)98:1(135)112:3(136)112:3(137)112:4=147

[حرف جزم و قلب و نفي] Negative/Jussive Particle. (1)2:24(2)2:196(3)2:196(4)2:249(5)2:265(6)2:279(7)2:282(8)3:174(9)4:11(0)4:12(11)4:12(12)4:23(13)4:25(14)4:73(15)4:91(16) 4:92(17)4:137(18)4:164(19)4:176(20)5:41(21)5:44(22)5:45(23)5:47(24)5:67(25)5:73(26)5:89(27)6:77(28)6:131(29)7:23(30)7:87(31)7:92(32)7:149(33)9:26(34)9:40(35)9:58(36)10:12(37)10:24(38) 10:45(39)11:68(40)11:95(41)12:32(42)12:60(43)16:07(44)18:06(45)18:90(46)19:46(47)24:28(48)24:40(49)24:62(50)26:116(51)26:167(52)28:50(53)31:07(54)33:05(55)33:09(56)33:27(57)33:60 (58)36:18(59)37:29(60)40:74(61)40:78(62)44:21(63)45:08(64)47:15(65)48:13(66)48:25(67)49:11(68)49:14(69)58:04(70)58:04(71)58:12(72)71:21(73)90:7(74)96:15=74


Other grammatical units with prefixes

Interrogative particle + Particle  فَ  which shows cause/reason-sequence and effect/consequence + Negative/Jussive Particle. (1)12:109(2)13:31(3)20:128(4)22:46(5)23:68(6)25:40(7)34:09(8)36:62(9)40:82(10)45:31(11)47:10(12)50:06=12

Interrogative particle + Negative/Jussive Particle. (1)2:33(2)2:106(3)2:107(4)2:243(5)2:246(6)2:258(7)3:23(8)4:44(9)4:49(10)4:51(11)4:60(12)4:77(13)4:97(14)4:141(15)4:141(16) 5:40(17)6:06(18)6:130(19)7:22(20)7:148(21)7:169(22)9:63(23)9:70(24)9:78(25)9:104(26)12:80(27)12:96(28)14:09(29)14:19(30)14:24(31)14:28(32)16:79(33)18:72(34)18:75(35)19:83(36)20:86 (37)22:18(38)22:63(39)22:65(40)22:70(41)23:105(42)24:41(43)24:43(44)25:45(45)26:18(46)26:225(47)27:86(48)31:20(49)31:29(50)31:31(51)35:27(52)36:31(53)36:60(54)39:21(55)39:71(56) 40:69(57)57:14(58)57:16(59)58:07(60)58:08(61)58:14(62)59:11(63)64:05(64)67:08(65)68:28(66)71:15(67)75:37(68)77:16(69)77:20(70)77:25(71)78:06(72)89:06(73)90:08(74)93:06(75)94:01(76) 96:14(77)105:01(78)105:02=78

Interrogative particle + Conjunction particle + Negative/Jussive Particle. (1)2:260(2)7:100(3)7:184(4)7:185(5)13:41(6)14:44(7)15:70(8)16:48(9)17:99(10)20:133(11)21:30 (12)26:07(13)26:197(14)28:48(15)28:57(16)28:78(17)29:19(18)29:51(19)29:67(20)30:08(21)30:09(22)30:37(23)32:26(24)32:27(25)35:37(26)35:44(27)36:71(28)36:77(29)39:52(30)40:21(31)40:50 (32)41:15(33)41:53(34)(34)46:33(35)67:19=35

Particle  فَ  which shows cause/reason-sequence and effect/consequence + Negative/Jussive Particle. (1)4:43(2)4:90(3)5:06(4)8:17(5)9:25(6)18:47(7)18:52(8)28:64 (9)40:85(10)66:10(11)71:06(12)71:25=12


Progressive number of grammatical units: =   + 221