Negation particle - negation of genus - النَّاْفِيَةُ لِلْجِنْسِ


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النَّاْفِيَةُ لِلْجِنْسِ: Used to indicate categorical negation. Its particularity is that it negates something about the entire genus - category represented by its subject. Its visual recognition is that it renders the following noun, which is its topic/subject, in accusative case  and the comment/ predicate nominative, just as is done by the verb-like particle: انّ  and its sisters. What was previously known as  the: مبتدأ subject/ topic of nominal sentence, it will now be called:  “اسم" of "لا”, the subject noun of genus negation particle; and  what was previously called: خبر the predicate, it will now be the “خير "of "لا” predicate of genus negation particle. It restricts focus  on a constituent, subject in general, which immediately follows it.

Its subject is always indefinite and without tanwin - nunation. Its predicate (mostly elided) is in nominative case. First occurrence:

  • This is the Book, you will find reading it that its contents are absolutely void of peeving substance: suspicious, conjectural, whimsical, conflicting, ambiguous, anomalous, irrational, un-certain, illusory, unsubstantiated, incongruous, biased and opinionated matter.

 

  • This Book is a Guide-Manual for those who sincerely endeavor to attain salvation. [2:02]

The predicate: itself is an elliptical sentence wherein the predicate of genus negation particle: is elided but is  conspicuously understood by the following prepositional phrase.

Recurrence:

النَّاْفِيَةُ لِلْجِنْسِ: Used to indicate categorical negation. (1)2:2(2)2:32(3)2:71(4)2:158(5)2:163(6)2:173(7)2:182(8)2:193(9)2:197(10)2:203(11) 2:203(12)2:229(13)2:230(14)2:233(15)2:233(16)2:234(17)2:235(18)2:236(19)2:240(20)2:249(21)2:255(22)2:256(23)2:256(24)2:286(25)3:2(26)3:6(27) 3:9(28)3:18(29)3:18(30)3:25(31)3:77(32)3:160(33)4:23(34)4:24(35)4:87(36)4:87(37)4:102(38)4:114(39)4:128(40)5:109(41)6:12(42)6:17(43)6:34(44) 6:102(45)6:106(46)6:115(47)6:163(48)7:158(49)7:186(50)8:48(51)9:12(52)9:31(53)9:118(54)9:129(55)10:37(56)10:64(57)10:90(58)10:107(59)10:107 (60)11:14(61)11:22(62)11:43(63)12:60(64)12:92(65)13:11(66)13:30(67)13:41(68)16:02(69)16:23(70)16:62(71)16:109(72)17:99(73)18:21(74)18:27 (75)18:39(76)20:8(77)20:14(78)20:97(79)20:98(80)21:25(81)21:87(82)21:94(83)22:7(84)23:101(85)23:116(86)23:117(87)25:22(88)26:50(89)27:26 (90)27:37(91)28:28(92)28:70(93)28:88(94)30:43(95)32:2(96)33:13(97)33:55(98)34:51(99)35:2(100)35:3(101)36:43(102)37:35(102)39:6(104)40:3 (105)40:17(106)40:43(107)40:59(108)40:62(109)40:65(110)4:7(111)42:15(112)42:47(112)44:8(114)45:26(115)45:32(116)47:11(117)47:13(118)47:19 (119)59:22(120)59:23(121)64:13(122)73:9(12375:11=123