Rectifying Particle [حرف اِستدراك و عطف]


It is used between two types of expressions-speech dissimilar in words and meanings.

This rectifying particle (حَرْف اِسْتِدْراك), occurs between two conflicting - contradictive expression and is used for correction, making right the earlier statement. It can be translated as: but, yet, nevertheless.

It expresses adversative relationship. This relation takes the form of a contrast or concession and can be realized by a number of conjunctives. In English we have but, yet, though, only, however, instead, on the contrary, nevertheless, etc.

is written in Qur’ān as when it is immediately followed by a word initiated with "Hamza, ء" or "ح"  which represents a voiceless pharyngeal fricative sound. The text of Qur’ān not only cares for the convenience of Speaker but also of the audibility by its listener that his ears may catch each and every spoken syllable quite distinctly.

Vowel: [ـِ] is added when on its boundary the following word is without vowel.  

First occurrence:
 
  • Beware; the fact is that they are truly the distorters - creators of disorder - imbalances - spreaders of wicked unsound ideas

  • While they intend not to recognize it. [2:12]

 

 

1

  Rectifying Particle.

(1)2:12(2)2:13(3)2:57(4)2:154(5)2:225(6)2:235(7)2:260(8)3:67(9)3:79(10)4:46(11)4:157(12)5:06 (13)5:48(14)5:89(15)6:43 (16)6:69(17)7:38(18)7:79(19)7:96(20)7:160(21)8:42(22)9:46(23)9:70(24) 10:37(25)11:101(26)12:111(27)16:33(28)16:61(29)16:93 (30)16:106(31)16:118(32)17:44(33)22:37 (34)22:46(35)25:18(36)28:46(37)29:40(38)30:09(39)33:05(40)33:40(41)35:45(42)41:22 (43)42:08 (44)42:27(45)42:52(46)43:76(47)47:04(48)49:14(49)50:27(50)56:85(51)75:32=51

                                                                      حرف اِستدراك و عطف

 

2

Rectifying Particle; Vowel [ـِ] added for  اجتماع الساكنين of cluster of two vowel-less consonants.

(1)2:253(2)3:198(3)7:143(4)9:88(5)19:38(6)39:20=6         حرف اِستدراك و عطف

 

3

Rectifying Particle; Vowel [ـِ] added for اجتماع الساكنين of cluster of two vowel-less consonants.

 (1)4:162(2)4:166=2                                               حرف اِستدراك و عطف

 

4

Rectifying Particle.

 (1)3:117(2)10:104(3)32:13(4)33:53(5)39:71=5           حرف اِستدراك و عطف

 

5

Rectifying Particle.(1)9:42=1                                                       حرف اِستدراك و عطف

 

Total units: 65


  Verb-Like Particle. No of occurrences: 65

1

Verb-Like Particle. (1)2:102(2)2:177(3)2:189(4)2:243(5)2:251(6)2:253(7)2:272(8)3:179(9)5:81(10)5:103(11)6:33(12)6:37(13)6:111(14)7:131(15)7:187 (16)8:17(17)8:17(18)8:34(19)8:43(20)8:63(21)10:44(22)10:55(23)10:60(24)11:17(25)12:21(26)12:38(27)12:40(28)12:68(29)13:01 (30)14:11(31)16:38(32)22:02(33)24:21(34)27:73(35)28:13(36)28:56(37)28:57(38)30:06(39)30:30(40)34:28(41)34:36(42)39:49(43)40:57(44)40:59(45)40:61(46)43:78(47)44:39(48)45:26(49)48:07(50)52:47(51)59:06(52)63:07(53)63:08=53                                     حرف المشبهة بالفعل ينصب الاسم ويرفع الخبر

 

2

Verb-Like Particle + First Person Pronoun. (1)18:38=1 مؤلفة من لكن مخففة مهملة وأنا

حرف اِستدراك

3

Verb-Like Particle + First Person plural Pronoun (1)20:87(2)28:45=2

                                                                                                                  مؤلفة من لكن مخففة مهملة وأنا

 

4

Verb-Like Particle + First Person plural Pronoun, prolongation sign. (1)28:45=1                                                                                                       مؤلفة من لكن مخففة مهملة وأنا

 

5

Verb-Like Particle + Subject noun of particle: Second person; masculine; plural, in accusative state. (1)30:56(2)57:14=2

                        حرف المشبهة بالفعل + ضمير متصل مبنى على الضم جمع مذكرحاضر فى محل نصب  اسمها

 

6

Verb-Like Particle + Subject noun of particle. (1)7:176=1

                          حرف المشبهة بالفعل + ضمير متصل مبنى على الضم واحد مذكرغائب فى محل نصب  اسمها

 

7

 Verb-Like Particle + Subject noun of particle: Third person; masculine; plural, in accusative state (1)9:56=1

                    حرف المشبهة بالفعل +  ضمير متصل مبنى على الضم/ جمع  مذكر غائب في محل نصب اسمها

 

8

Verb-Like Particle + Suffixed pronoun: First person, singular, in accusative state as Particle's noun. (1)7:61(2)7:67=2 

                                                        حرف المشبهة بالفعل + الياء :ضمير-واحد متكلم في محل نصب اسمها

 

9

Verb-Like Particle + Suffixed pronoun: First person, singular, in accusative state as Particle's noun, with prolongation sign. (1)11:29(2)46:23=2 

                                          حرف المشبهة بالفعل + الياء :ضمير-واحد متكلم في محل نصب اسمها