Root: ش ف ق

Words from this Root in the Grand Qur’ān:

a) Total occurrences: 11 

b) No of constructions: 6

Noun: 4; Recurrence: 9; Verb: 2 [Form-IV]

Ibn Faris [died 1005] stated:

(مقاييس اللغة)

الشين والفاء والقاف أصلٌ واحد، يدلُّ على رِقَّةٍ في الشيء، ثم يشتقُّ منه. فمن ذلك قولهم: أشفقت من الأمر، إذا رَقَقْت وحاذَرت

That it leads to the perception of subtlety, gentleness, delicacy, thinness in a thing, thereafter, it signifies compassionate, commiserate, when it scumbled, alerted, and became vigilant.

Lane Lexicon

Classical Lexicons

When man feels embarrassed or ashamed the face blushes.

make or become self-conscious: to become or cause somebody to become painfully self-conscious, ill at ease, ashamed, or humiliated ; To pity, be anxious about, to fear. Twilight with its redness or whiteness, after sunset; compassionate, tender, apprehensive.

  • And the written biography/Book of record is laid open —

Root: و ض ع

  • Thereby, you will see the criminals, in a stumbling condition from what is written therein.

  • And they will say, "Woe is for us; what sort of Book is this —

  • Neither it leaves mention of a minor thing nor of a major one except that it has enumerated it."

  • And having perused the Book they visualized from memory as present what they had done.

  • And your Sustainer Lord will not do any injustice to any individual. [18:49]

  • He the Exalted fully knows what is before, in their present and past and what is after/future of them.

  • And they do not intercede except for him about whom He the Exalted has pleasingly approved.

Root: ش ف ع

  • And they stand in awe out of fear of Him the Exalted. [21:28]

  • They (Mutta'qeen) are the people who experience awe of Omnipresence of their Sustainer Lord despite being not in their sight—

  • While they are alert - self-conscious about the Appointed Moment. [21:49]

Root: س و ع

  • Know about those people who experience awe of their Sustainer Lord—they behave with alertness, gentleness, subtlety, delicacy, compassion and sympathy—[23:57]

  • Know it Our Majesty presented upon the Skies and the Earth and the Mountains for upholding "the trust (of freewill-autonomy)":

  • Whereby they apologized, regretted, and restrained taking burden of her; and they apprehended harm of it.

  • But the man had uplifted it/her (when he was sent to the Earth).

  • Indeed he has been rendered extensively in loss, and emotionalism—[33:72]

  • Only those people seek [mock] to hasten the Determined Moment who do not accept/believe in it—

  • And those who have believed feel terror of it —

  •  Since they know that it is indeed infallible fact.

  • The fact is that those who indulge in controversy [are in search/create confusion and illusions regarding point of occurrence] about the Appointed Moment—they are indeed in prolonged heedlessness. [42:18]

Root: س و ع

  • You will see the wrong doers/creators of imbalances/distorters perplexedly frightened from that [seeing written in their record book] which they had earned, and that is going to happen with them.

  • And as for those those who accepted/believed and did act righteously/moderately as directed—

  • Are in the beautiful parks of delight and comfort —

Root: ر و ض

  • For them is/will be everything which they desire from their Sustainer Lord —

  • This is that which is the greatest Bounty. [42:22]

  • They said, "Indeed we, in aforetimes in the world, used to be apprehensive about our family/household — [52:26]

  • Did this advice of donating before private consultations made you feel embarrassed of some negativity in holding private meeting with the Messenger of Allah?

  • Thereby, if you have not done it (private consultation with the Messenger), meanwhile Allah the Exalted has mercifully reverted upon you —

  • Therefore, you people organize and manage the Institution of Ass-sa'laat: Time bound protocol of allegiance and servitude; and pay Az-zaka'at: financial liability for economic uplift of society —

  • And affectionately and wholeheartedly accept the Word of Allah the Exalted and His Messenger.

  • Remain mindful; Allah the Exalted is always fully aware of that what you people do. [58:13]

  • And they are those who remain fearful about the infliction of their Sustainer Lord. [70:27]

  • Therefore to reiterate I swear by the twilight glow — [84:16]


مُشْفِقُونَ fear that some harm will come to someone else

Words denoting or connoting fear

Verbal Noun: indefinite; masculine; accusative. (1)2:19(2)2:243=2

Verbal Noun: Indefinite; nominative. (1)2:38(2)2:62(3)2:112(4)2:262(5)2:274(6)2:277(7)3:170(8)5:69(9)6:48(10)7:35(11)7:49(12)10:62(13)43:68(14)46:13=14


 Noun: Indefinite; singular; feminine; genitive. (1)2:74(2)23:57(3)59:21=3

Verbal noun/Noun: Definite; masculine; singular; accusative. (1)3:151(2)8:12(3)33:26(4)59:02=4

Verb: Perfect; Third person; singular; feminine; active. (1)8:02(2)22:35=2


Noun: Definite; masculine; singular; nominative. (1)21:103=1 Terror. frightening

Root: و ج ف

Root: خ ش ى



Prepositional Phrase:  بـِ Inseparable preposition  + Noun: definite; singular; masculine; genitive. (1)84:16=1

جار و مجرور= بـِ حرف جر + اسم:معرفہ باللام مجرور-واحد مذكر


Active Participle: Indefinite; sound plural; masculine; nominative;  [Form-IV] (1)21:28(2)21:49(3)42:18=3  

                                               اسم فاعل: مرفوع -جمع سالم مذكر


Active Participle: Indefinite; sound plural; masculine; nominative;  [Form-IV] (1)23:57(2)70:27=2 

                                                             اسم فاعل: مرفوع -جمع سالم مذكر


Active Participle: Indefinite; sound plural; masculine; accusative; [Form- IV] (1)18:49(2)42:22(3)52:26=3

                                              اسم فاعل: منصوب-جمع سالم مذكر



Verb Form-IV


Interrogative particle + Verb: Perfect; Second person; plural; masculine; [Form-IV]; Subject Pronoun in nominative state; مصدر اِشْفَاقٌ Verbal  Noun. (1)58:13=1                                                                                                          الهمزة- للاستفهام

     فعل ماضٍ مبنى على السكون لاتصاله بضمير الرفع/تُم-ضمير متصل  في محل رفع فاعل جمع مذكرحاضر/باب افعال


Verb: Perfect; Third person; plural; feminine; [Form-IV]; نَ Subject pronoun, in nominative state; مصدر اِشْفَاقٌ Verbal Noun. (1)33:72=1

  فعل ماضٍ مبنى على السكون لاتصاله بضمير الرفع المتحرك/نَ: ضمير متصل في محل رفع فاعل-جمع مؤنث غائب-باب افعال