Root: د ب ر

Words from this Root in the Grand Qur’ān:

a) Total occurrences: 44

b) No of constructions: 22

Nouns: 17; Recurrence: 32  Verb: 5; Recurrence: 12 [Form-II: 4; Form-IV: 4; Form-V: 4]

Ibn Faris [died 1005] stated:

(مقاييس اللغة)
الدال والباء والراء. أصل هذا الباب أنَّ جُلّه في قياسٍ واحد، وهو آخِر الشَّيء وخَلْفُه خلافُ قُبُلِه

.That it signifies the tail end of a thing and of back - rear in contrast to front: قُبُلِ

دبر (لسان العرب)

الدُّبُرُ والدُّبْرُ: نقيض القُبُل.
ودُبُرُ
كل شيء: عَقِبُه ومُؤخَّرُه؛ وجمعهما أَدْبارٌ.

That it is contra. of front - facing side, and everything which is followed

Lane's Lexicon: The location, or quarter, that is behind a thing.

He followed behind his back, he succeeded him and remained after him

He looked into it, considered it, examined it, or studied it, repeatedly, in order to know it, or until he knew it.

Semantic Domain: Human bodyRoot: ج س د

Sub category: Back

Contra Root

Root: ق ب ل

  • He (Yu'suf) said, "It is she who seduced me, seeking to elicit me fulfilling her desire."

  • [on these contradictory statements and allegation] And a person of her household present suggested recourse to the circumstantial evidence saying:

  • "If his shirt is damaged-creased on surface facing forward, then it proves she has stated the truth

  •  And he is one of the liars. [Allah forbids] [12:26]

  • And if his shirt is damaged-creased on part of its back surface then it proves that she has lied

  • And he is the truthful." [12:27]

Endeavour to obtain a clear knowledge by top-to-bottom study.

  • [why do they behave as such] Is it because they do not personally study the Qur’ān critically, logically and coherently pursuing its text?

  • And had it (Qur’ān) been authored by someone other than Allah the Exalted, they would certainly have found, what to say of one, many mutual variations - contradictions - conflicts within it. [4:82]

For comprehending a book the critical approach is emphasized. The structuring of Qur’ān is encyclopedic; it firstly builds up frames for background knowledge which helps the reader to decipher and understand text as a whole.

Nouns

1

Noun: Definite; broken plural; feminine; accusative.  (1)50:40=1

                       اسم: منصوب جمع مكسر مؤنث

 

2

Possessive Phrase: Noun: Definite; broken plural; feminine; genitive + Possessive pronoun: Second person; plural; masculine; in genitive state. (1)5:21=1

      الإِضَافَةُ-اسم: مجرورجمع مكسر مؤنث/مضافضمير متصل-جمع مذكر حاضر/مخاطب في محل جر-مضاف إليه

 

3

Possessive Phrase: Noun: Definite; broken plural; feminine; genitive + Possessive pronoun: Second person; plural; masculine; in genitive state, with prolongation sign. (1)4:47=1

                 الإِضَافَةُ-اسم: مجرورجمع مكسر مؤنث/مضافضمير متصل-واحد مؤنث غائب في محل جر-مضاف إليه

 

4

Possessive Phrase: Noun: Definite; broken plural; feminine; accusative + Possessive pronoun: Third person; plural; masculine; in genitive state. (1)8:50(2) 15:65(3)47:27=3

                الإِضَافَةُ-اسم: منصوب-جمع مكسر مؤنث/مضافضمير متصل-جمع  مذكر غائب في محل جر-مضاف إليه

 

5

Possessive Phrase: Noun: Definite; broken plural; feminine; genitive + Possessive pronoun: Third person; plural; masculine; in genitive state. (1)17:46=1

                  الإِضَافَةُ-اسم: مجرور-جمع مكسر مؤنث/مضافضمير متصل-جمع  مذكر غائب في محل جر-مضاف إليه

 

6

Possessive Phrase: Noun: Definite; broken plural; feminine; genitive + Possessive pronoun: Third person; plural; masculine; in genitive state.(1)47:25=1

                 الإِضَافَةُ-اسم: مجرور-جمع مكسر مؤنث/مضافضمير متصل-جمع  مذكر غائب في محل جر-مضاف إليه

 

7

Verbal Noun: Definite; accusative; [Form-IV]. (1)52:49=1        مصدر: منصوب

 

8

Noun: Definite; broken plural; feminine; accusative. (1)3:111(2)8:15(3)33:15 (4)48:22(5)59:12=5            

      اسم:معرفہ باللام- منصوب-جمع مكسر مؤنث

 

9

Noun: Definite; Singular; masculine; accusative. (1)54:45=1

                 اسم:معرفہ باللام- منصوب-واحد مذكر

 

10

Active Participle: Indefinite; Singular; Masculine; nominative; [مصدر-دُبُورٌ Verbal noun]. (1)6:45=1   

                   اسم فاعل: مرفوع-واحد  مذكر

 

11

Active Participle: Indefinite; singular; masculine; accusative; [مصدر-دُبُورٌ Verbal noun] (1)7:72(2)8:07(3)15:66=3                                                     اسم فاعل: منصوب-واحد  مذكر

 

12

Noun: Indefinite; Singular; masculine; genitive. (1)12:25(2)12:27(3)12:28=3

                                        اسم:مجرور-واحد مذكر

 

13

Possessive Phrase: Noun: Definite; singular; masculine; accusative + Possessive pronoun: Third person; Singular; Masculine, genitive state. (1)8:16=1

                     الإِضَافَةُ-اسم: منصوب-واحد  مذكر/مضافضمير متصل-واحد  مذكر غائب في محل جر-مضاف إليه

 

14

Prefixed conjunction فَ which shows cause and effect + Active Participle: definite; plural; Feminine; genitive. (1)79:05=1

        حرف فَ + اسم فاعل:معرفہ باللام-مجرور-جمع  مؤنث

 

15

Active Participle: Indefinite; singular; masculine; accusative [Form-IV]  (1) 27:10(2)28:31=2                 

            اسم فاعل: منصوب -واحد مذكر

 

16

Active Participle: Indefinite; plural; masculine; accusative [Form-IV] (1) 9:25=1 

        اسم فاعل: منصوب -جمع سالم مذكر

 

17

Active Participle: Indefinite; plural; masculine; accusative (1)21:57(2)27:80 (3)30:52(4)37:90(5)40:33=5                                  اسم فاعل: منصوب-جمع سالم مذكر

 

Verb Form-II

1

Verb: Imperfect; third person; singular; masculine; Mood: Indicative; [Form-II]; مصدر-تَدْبِيرٌ Verbal noun. (1)10:03(2)10:31(3)13:02(4)32:05=4

                                     فعل مضارع مرفوع بالضمة/الفاعل:ضمير مستتر جوازاً تقديره:هُوَ-واحد مذكرغائب/باب تَفْعِيل 

 

Verbs Form-IV

1

Verb: Perfect; Third Person; Singular; Masculine; active; [Form-IV];  Subject pronoun hidden; مصدر-إِدْبَارٌٌ Verbal noun. (1)70:17(2)74:23(3)74:33(4) 79:22=4   

                                    فعل ماضٍ مبني على الفتح/الفاعل:ضمير مستتر جوازاً تقديره:هُوَ-واحد مذكرغائب/باب افعال

 

Verbs Form-V

1

Prefixed Particle of Purpose + Verb: Imperfect; third person; plural; masculine; Mood: Subjunctive; [Form-V]; Subject pronoun, in nominative state with prolongation sign;  مصدر تَدَبُّرٌ Verbal Noun. (1)38:29=1

                                       لام التعليل + فعل  مضارع منصوب بأن مضمرة بعد لام التعليل  و علامة نصبة حذف النون

   و- ضمير متصل في محل رفع فاعل- جمع مذكر غائب والألف-فارقة/باب تفعّل

 

2

 Verb: Imperfect; third person; plural; masculine; [Form-V]; Mood: Indicative evident by "نَ"; and [و] Subject Pronoun, nominative state;  مصدر تَدَبُّرٌ Verbal Noun. (1)4:82(2)47:24=2

                               فعل مضارع مرفوع بثبوت النون/و-ضمير متصل في محل رفع فاعل-جمع مذكرحاضر/باب تفعّل

 

3

Verb: Imperfect; third person; plural; masculine; [Form-V]; Mood: Jussive evident by elision of  "نَ"; and [و] Subject Pronoun, nominative state;  مصدر تَدَبُّرٌ Verbal Noun. (1)23:68=1

    فعل مضارع مجزوم لأنه جواب الطلب و علامة جزمه حذف النون

         و- ضمير متصل في محل رفع فاعل-والألف-فارقة/جمع مذكرغائب/باب تفعّل