Root: ح ر ب

Words from this Root in the Grand Qur’ān:

a) Total occurrences: 11

b) No of constructions: 9

Nouns: 7; Recurrence: 9; Verbs: 2 [Form-III]

Ibn Faris [died 1005] stated:

(مقاييس اللغة)

الحاء والراء والباء أصولٌ ثلاثة: أحدها السّلْب، والآخر دويْبَّة، والثالث بعضُ المجالس

That it has three basic meanings; firstly is to despoliation; secondly small reptile; and thirdly some assembly, congregation.

(لسان العرب)
الحَرْبُ: نَقِيضُ السِّلم  

It is contra. of peace.

Lane's Lexicon: He despoiled him of his wealth, or property; or plundered him; (S, A, K;) leaving him without anything.; to spear, to extort, war, to wage war, become angry, prayer niche, place of honour, studs in the coat of armour, lion's den, palace.

Classical Lexicons

  • Thereby, if you people have not acted upon the injunction, then be warned of the proclamation of Allah the Exalted and His Messenger about rendering the wealth spoiled and of no avail/confiscation of all valuables.

  • اس حکم کی تعمیل میں اگر تم نے  خود عمل نہیں کیا تو اللہ تعالیٰ اور ان کے رسول(ﷺ)کی جناب سے مال کی ضبطگی کا اعلان سن لو۔

  • And if you have reverted from it, thereby, the principal amounts of you people are legitimately due to be returned to you.

  • لیکن اگر تم اس سے پلٹ جاؤ گے تو تمہارے اموال کی اصل رقم کو لوٹانا تم لوگوں کا حق ہے۔

Root: ر ء س

  • In this situation neither you people do a wrong nor a wrong is done to you. [2:279] 

  • نہ تم لوگ دوسروں کے ساتھ زیادتی کرو اور نہ تمہارے ساتھ زیادتی ہو۔(البقرۃ۔۲۷۹)


  • Thereupon, her Sustainer Lord granted her a pleasant acceptance.

  • And He the Exalted caused her (Maryan) rearing, in the style and manner of nicely reared plants.

  • And He the Exalted assigned to Zakaria [alai'his'slaam] the responsibility of her guardianship.

  • Whenever Zakaria [alai'his'slaam] had entered the secluded chamber of the Mosque to meet her, he had always found by her side some eatables.

  • [one day] He (Zakaria) asked; "O Maryam! how and from where this sustenance comes for you?"

  • She (Maryam) replied: "That is supplied by the grace of Allah the Exalted.

  • Indeed, Allah the Exalted provides sustenance for whomever He decides, without reckoning and causality." [3:37]


  • His prayer was accepted whereby the Angels called upon him (Zakaria [alai'his'slaam]), while he was standing for As-sa'laat: Time Bound Protocol of Servitude and allegiance, in the Secluded Chamber —

  • That, "Indeed, Allah the Exalted congratulates you with good news of Yahya —

  •  He will be an affirmer and testifier; this news conveyed to you is with the word- promise of Allah the Exalted.

  • And he will be honoured as distinguished dignitary and encircled by people in attendance; and at birth would be Elevated-Chosen Servant [Nabi], one of the righteous". [3:39]


  • The only appropriate Penal Code for those who assemble and uprise against Allah the Exalted and His Messenger [the believer's state] and keep attempting to create disturbance-panic-chaos in the society:

Root: س ع ى; ح ر ب

  • That they be awarded severe death penalty or public execution of capital punishment; or their feet and their hands are amputated-chained in the state oppositely linked; or they be exiled from the country-land.

Root: ص ل ب

  • This disgrace is prescribed for them in the worldly life.

  • And a great punishment is in wait-prepared for them in the Hereafter. [5:33]

  • اور ایک  ہڈیوں میں سرایت کر جانے  والااحساس درد و تکلیف آخرت کی زندگی میں ان کے  لئےتیار اور منتظر ہے۔ 


  • Know it; certain Jews said: "Allah's hand is in a tied up state."

  • Their fists have become tied.

  • And they are discarded as condemned and cursed for what they stated.

  • They lied; the fact is that His two hands are fully stretched; He the Exalted openly flows the bounty as He wills.

  • Be aware; it is certain that it (Grand Qur’ān), which has since been sent to you the Messenger [Sal'lallaa'hoalaih'wa'salam] by your Sustainer Lord, will augment the majority of them in brimming out of bounds and disbelief.

  • And We have allowed to exist wrangling and grudge/hatred/resentment between them until the Day of Rising.

  • Every time they ignited-provoked fire for the war, Allah the Exalted extinguished it.

  • And they keep attempting creating disturbance/ distortions /imbalances/chaos in the Earth-world.

  • Take note; Allah the Exalted does not approve and appreciate those who are distorter/creators of disorder/imbalances/spread wicked unsound ideas. [5:64]


  • Thenceforth, after dissolving a pact, if in future you gain dominance over them in the war; thereat, cause fright for him along with them whoever was supporting from their rear.

  • So that they take a lesson. [8:57]


  • And as for those who had earlier adopted a mosque for causing harm and disbelief and a state of division-disintegration amongst the believers —

  • And as a launching pad-station for him who foretimes intrigued-battled against Allah the Exalted and His Messenger:

  • They will certainly swear and say: "We intended nothing except good".

  • Mind it, Allah the Exalted bears witness emphasizing that they are certainly the liars. [9:107]


  • Thereupon, [on having felt the sign occurred) he came out of the secluded chamber of Mosque towards his people —

  • Thereat, he communicated to them through gestures directing them to repetitively describe the Praises of Allah the Exalted at dawn and dusk." [19:11]


  • They worked for him that which he desired for erecting elevated chambers and paintings/statues and bowls like big reservoirs and fixed cooking pots/ranges.

  • "You people work O you the followers of Da'ued [alai'his'slaam] expressing gratitude —

  • But the ground reality is that a minority of My subjects are the grateful feeling obliged." [34:13]


  • And has the news of disputants reached to you when they people at their own climbed on to the private chamber—[38:21]


  • Thereby, when in response you have met face to face in battlefield with those who have disavowed —

  • Thereat, obvious target for both warring parties are the necks-human bodies-mutual hitting till such point in time, during the currency of fight, that you have succeeded in overpowering respective opponents - have made them exhausted-subdued-drop weapons—

  • Thereat you you are hereby directed to firmly buckle up - arrest such subdued enemies as prisoners of war, since the question of releasing them as gesture of obliging favour, or on ransom arises afterwards when the war may surrender-lay down the weapons-enemy has accepted defeat.

  • Although if Allah the Exalted so willed, certainly He the Exalted could have punished them at His Own accord.

  • But the purpose of prescribing confronting imposed war is that He the Exalted might subject to a liquefying test some of you through some others.

  • And those who were killed in the Cause of Allah the Exalted: Certainly are convinced that He the Exalted will never let their deeds go unrecognized -unappreciated. [47:04]


 

Noun

1

Noun: Definite; masculine; singular; genitive. (1)8:57=1

                 اسم :معرفہ باللام-مجرور-واحد مذكر

 

2

Noun: Definite; masculine; singular; nominative. (1)47:04=1

                            اسم :معرفہ باللام-مرفوع-واحد مذكر

 

3

Noun: Definite; masculine; singular; accusative. (1)3:37(2)38:21=2

                                           اسم :معرفہ باللام-منصوب واحد مذكر

 

4

Noun: Definite; masculine; singular; genitive.  (1)3:39(2)19:11=2

                                      اسم:معرفہ باللام-مجرور-واحد مذكر

 

5

Prepositional Phrase: بـِ Inseparable preposition + Noun: Indefinite; singular; masculine; genitive. (1)2:279=1

              جار و مجرور= بـِ حرف جر + اسم:مجرور-واحد مذكر

 

6

Prepositional Phrase: لِ Prefixed preposition + Noun: Definite; masculine; singular; genitive.(1)5:64=1 

                    جار و مجرور= لِ حرف جر+ اسم :معرفہ باللام-مجرور-واحد مذكر

 

7

Noun: Indefinite; feminine; broken plural; accusative. (1)34:13=1 

                             اسم: منصوب-جمع مكسر مؤنث

 

Verbs Form-III

1

Verb: Perfect; Third person; singular; masculine; [Form-III]; [هُوَ] Subject pronoun hidden; مصدر-مُحَارَبَةٌ Verbal noun. (1)9:107=1

 فعل ماضٍ مبنى على الفتح /الفاعل:ضمير مستتر جوازاً تقديره:هُوَ-واحد مذكرغائب/با مفاعلة

 

2

Verb: Imperfect; Third person; plural; masculine; [Form-III]; Mood: Indicative evident by "نَ"; and [و] Subject Pronoun, nominative state; مصدر-مُحَارَبَةٌ Verbal noun. (1)5:33=1

 فعل مضارع مرفوع بثبوت النون/و-ضمير متصل في محل رفع فاعل-جمع مذكرغائب/باب مفاعلة