Beginning is with Allah's
personal name Ar'Reh'maan Who is The
Fountain of Infinite Mercy.
Semantics of Grand Qur'aan - Dictionary of Roots and Lexicon
2. Semantics of Qur'aan is like "semantics" of
[In reality, it is "seed"-an embryonic plant] +
4. Morphology +
Linguistic Semantics is the study of meanings as inherent at the levels
of words, phrases, sentences and larger units of discourse-text. It is
used for understanding human expression through language. The
discourse-text of Grand Qur'aan is in Arabic:
perspicuous, eloquent, distinctive and precisely expressive
the language of the sons of soil of Arabian Peninsula.
Experts suggest that it is useful to view the vocabulary of a language/text as a set of
words referring to a series of conceptual fields. In linguistics, these
divisions are called Semantic fields. A semantic field or
semantic domain is a set of words grouped by meaning referring to
a specific subject; languages will have fields of distance, location,
size, shape, time, emotion, beliefs, economics, academic subjects, natural
phenomena, etc. Each field can have many sub-divisions or lexical sets:
actual words and expressions. Semantic fields are arranged
hierarchically, going from the more general to the more specific.
Linguists generally refer the general word by umbrella term "superordinate" and the
specific word as "hyponym". The
propositional meaning carried by a general word or superordinate is part
of the meaning of each of its hyponyms but not vice versa.
Semantics of Qur'aan is like "semantics"
source of guidance is but unitary,
be it for a single cell or for human being with hundred trillion
cells in his body. There is only one star in the Sky that comes to the rescue of
a man in bewilderment of clueless location to show him the direction [refer
guidance: information code for aright course for sustaining life of a cell is encoded in
the DNA. DNA contains the instructions for
growth and development in
humans and all living creatures. Our DNA is packaged into chromosomes that contain
all of our genes. The guidance for humanity is encoded in the Grand Qur'aan: the
constitution for aright conduct and the guarantor of sustained life.
It is the "DNA" for
growth and development
to an exaltation that will
render him eligible to be piloted beyond the ascensions of earthly universe to
his original abode to live
living life of the Hereafter.
Genetics is quite a delicate and complicated
discipline. Being a person of ordinary prudence, I have but to restrict to
non-technical and elementary approach. I, however, understand that the Source-Originator
of information is since Unitary, therefore, the transmission and decoding of guidance
in the DNA and the Book of Allah the Exalted: Grand Qur'aan must have
similarities, resemblances and are governed by similar rules. Genetic scientists
tell us that the genetic code is a set of rules that defines how the
four-letter code of DNA is translated into 20-letter code of amino acids, which
are the building blocks of proteins.
Likewise, the linguists and grammarians have the
set of rules for translating a source-language text into target-language
text. Deviations from the rules will produce a defective protein and a defective
Guidance for humanity is:
Parlance—verbal Message of Allah the Exalted. Like
Messenger RNA, it was in timeline
to the elevated human Messenger of Allah the Exalted for onward
communication-delivery verbatim to public:
Take note; It has
never been the practice of Allah the Exalted for any human being:
That Allah the
Exalted might communicate with him in a humanly understandable language;
The exception to the
negation of lingual communication with a human being is firstly in
the manner of a written revelation: giving him a book;
Or He the Exalted
might communicate speaking to him from behind a barrier;
Or He the exalted
might send a messenger, angel or a man, to a person:
Whereby he the
messenger might communicate-inform, with the permission of Him the
Exalted, a person about that which He the Exalted intends to be
Indeed He is the Exalted
eternally the Knower
of visible and invisible domains and the Infinitely
Just Supreme Administrator of the created realms.
They were a galaxy of men of
personal choice of Allah the Exalted described by Adjective resembling
the person who is the Chosen, elevated and given Distinction and exaltation over
all others in timeline since their birth. However, they were assigned the
responsibility of the Messenger only upon having attained strengthen maturity to
convey the Message of Allah to the people of their time and nation in their
respective language. The same is the case in human genome that the
mature Messenger RNA
does the same job.
Let it be
known, Our Majesty
sent not the Messengers before
you the Messenger [Sal'lallaa'hoalaih'wa'salam]
but only the Men whom We
communicated verbal messages.
They were living
amongst the residents of certain cities. [Refer 12:109]
The last in the galaxy of men
of personal choice of Allah the Exalted, described by Adjective resembling
the final universal Messenger who is unique by virtue of having been appointed
for the humanity for the entire time-span. The
is perpetually the sole
Warner and survivalist for all those whom Grand Qur'aan reaches in time and
You the Messenger
O you the Mankind;
am the Messenger of
Allah the Exalted towards
you people universally - all
and Grand Qur'aan has since reached
It is like the Messenger RNA has
are located. It is the job of
the individual and ribosome in
cell to translate the message:
"Semantics" of DNA is decoding—to
transform an encoded message into an understandable form—the
20,000-25,000 protein-coding genes in the
human genome. And perhaps there are a similar number of sentences in the
text of Grand Qur'aan. A gene comprises of a sequence of Codons. A codon is a set
of three consecutive nucleotides in
RNA (mRNA) molecule that codes for one
amino acid. Thus each gene encodes
the sequence of amino acids that
will produce a specific protein.
Proteins are polymers of amino
acids. Each protein has a unique
sequence of amino acids. The
sequence of amino acids specifies
protein shape and function.
In verbal language, a gene corresponds to a
sentence of a text that conveys a complete thought/proposition-concept. And a codon
corresponds to a word or phrase—grammatical unit in a sentence imparting only
one meaning. And their sequence in a sentence signifies the type of sentence
by structure and function—meanings-message-communication.
portion of mRNA Is Not
Interestingly, not all
regions of a
molecule correspond to
particular amino acids.
In particular, there is
an area near the 5' end
of the molecule that is
known as the
(UTR) or leader
This portion of mRNA is
located between the
is transcribed and the
start codon (AUG) of the
coding region, and it
does not affect the
sequence of amino acids
in a protein.
So, what is the purpose of the UTR? It turns out that the
leader sequence is important because it contains a ribosome-binding site.
Sequencing of Grand
Qur'aan for translation
purposes is exactly like
mRNA molecule. After the
"an Enclave of
Leap", there is a small
binding-site, one Ayah:
which is not
translatable because it
comprises of only
letters of alphabet and
diacritical mark, but
has no syllable, vowel.
Arabic is a language of
syllables, comprising of at
least a consonant and a
vowel producing a
meaningful sound and
verbal proposition which
is translatable. This
Moreover, the fact remains
that Our Majesty did give you the Messenger
Seven distinctly elaborative Aa'ya'at: Unitary Verbal Passages
selected-excepted from the Binary-Symmetrical-analogous Miscellany.
Furthermore, it also remains
a certain fact that We have given the Grand Qur'aan to you the Messenger
After the First Segment: Chapter, there are 29
untranslatable binding-sites in the Qur'aan where only letters of alphabet and
diacritical mark appear. Interestingly, the alphabet of Arabic also comprises of 29
segments, one letter and 28 consonants. [So called Mystery of Initial
Letter/Consonants]. Thus the Grand Qur'aan has thirty translatable
The ribosome is
a complex molecular
within all living cells, that serves
as the site of biological
protein synthesis- translation.
Ribosome link amino
in the order specified by messenger
molecules. Ribosome consist of two
major components: the small
ribosomal subunit, which reads the
RNA, and the large subunit, which
joins amino acids to form a polypeptide chain.
Messenger RNA (mRNA)
molecule is a single strand. Similarly Arabic text is a single
continuous strand depicting first word to its last word as a chain. In both, there is no capital letter to indicate the
start of a sentence and end markers like full stop, exclamation and
question mark. The ribosome
binds to the single strand of
Messenger RNA. As the ribosome
binds, we are also directed to
consciously bind ourselves with the
"strand of Allah the Exalted":
Human Genome Project
has highlighted that the structure
of the genetic language is very
simple and that the rules for
reading the genetic code are simple.
The "Author" of Genetic code and
Grand Qur'aan is Allah the Exalted.
He the Exalted has proclaimed:
Thereby, for reason of its
universality and permanence, We have certainly rendered it: Grand
Qur'aan easy, open and facilitative for reading and comprehension by transcribing it in the mother
tongue: Arabic language of you Muhammad
The purpose of its
facilitative rendering is that you the Messenger might give glad
tidings-guarantee on the strength of this Grand Qur'aan
to those who
endeavor to remain cautious and avoid
conduct inspired and governed by emotion in reverence and fear of
Allah the Exalted;
And so that you the Messenger
may admonish, with this Grand
excessively argumentative people. [19:97]
the certain fact: We have simplified-rendered the Grand Qur'aan easy, open
and facilitative for reading, comprehension and saving in memory to recall,
take lesson and to relate.
Thereat, is there one who consciously and purposely saves it in memory, comprehends and recalls to mention-takes lesson and admonition?
to read and comprehend]
For accurate decoding-translation of
a codon-basic unit of genetic code
there is an anticodon which is a trinucleotide
sequence complementary to that of codon in a messenger RNA (mRNA)
sequence. An anticodon is found at one end of a transfer RNA (tRNA) molecule.
During protein synthesis, each time an amino acid is added to the growing
protein, a tRNA forms base-pairs with its complementary sequence on the mRNA
molecule, ensuring that the appropriate amino acid is inserted into the protein.
Like the triplet code of codon and
corresponding anticodon for translation of a gene for producing a protein, for
accurate translation of a sentence (gene) in the text of Grand Qur'aan, there is
a "triplet anticodon": Root + Morphology + syntax for every word - element (codon)
of the sentence. Without applying this "anticodon", any attempted translation
will be but faulty, inaccurate, erroneous, incomplete or vague.
The language of Grand Qur'aan is Arabic:
language of the exalted universal Messenger-Spokesperson of Allah the Supreme
Sovereign, and of sons of soil of Arabian peninsula.
nouns and verbs,
stem from Roots. Root is a cluster of three, in some cases four or rare
consonants of Alphabet placed in a peculiar sequence. Out of 29 letters of Arabic
alphabet, Aleph is not a consonant since it has no sound, hence it is never the
part of a Root. All 28 consonants may function as root radicals. However,
there are no roots with identical consonants in the first and second
position while at the second and third position radicals of a root can
be the same consonant. Such roots are termed geminate roots.
Though a combination of three unique
consonants can constitute
six Roots, for example consonants:
make these Roots:
ر ح -
ب ر -
ر ب -
ح ب ;
the Roots are determined and fixed. No
new Root can be structured.
Roots are comparable to proper names as both
are with unique semantic reference. However, there is a profound difference
between proper names and roots. The former designate identifiable entities with
real existence, whereas root is pure abstraction. The root is the common
element shared by its derivatives.
The Root has specific, defined,
distinct, conspicuous and apparent concept, phenomenon,
and signification folded in it.
It is the source, the reservoir of knowledge. Roots can be termed as "repertory
of frames" of Arabic language if we follow frames approach to semantic analysis.
The amazing fact about
the Roots of Arabic is that the perception infolded in them is reflective of
physical—scientific realities pertaining both to matter and life.
They seem as if they are the baseline for scientific study and investigation.
Root is like the first of
trinucleotide sequence of anticodon.
It is well know that vocabulary is of vital
importance in language study because it is the essence of a language. Linguist
D. A. Wilkins (1972) has the famous line : "Without grammar very little
can be conveyed, without vocabulary nothing can be conveyed. (p.11)".
That book is conveniently understandable which uses minimum vocabulary
of the language. The entire vocabulary of Grand Qur'aan, nouns and
verbs, stems from just 1646 Roots. Therefore, at
preliminary stage, we should feel pleased that learning the skill for
real-time translation of Qur'aan is rendered facilitative by the use of
a small part of otherwise large vocabulary of Arabic in its discourse.
If we merely run through the basic perception infolded in these Roots,
we will gain a fairly good understanding of meanings of the words of
Grand Qur'aan, even before learning the meanings added by other features
of the language; morphology and syntax.
Classical tradition employs the word Root, but in
concept resembles exactly to a "seed" which is either
monocotyledon or dicotyledonous and contains the DNA to sprout and grow
into a plant in a specific environment. "Seeds" of Arabic
language have distinction of monocotyledon-nominal and
dicotyledonous-verbal. Unique assemblage and sequencing of consonants is like a
DNA that encodes complete tree of a unique concept-field of
understanding which "germinates" in specific environment.
with word structures. Arabic morphology is highly systematic.
the study of patterns and forms of words found in the language with
regard to their origin, derivation, construction and meanings. Words
originate from the Roots on various well defined
patterns-moulds-structuring frames. But they
retain the original
in the Root,
Additional meanings and connotation, shades and colours
get added to the perception-concept-meanings infolded in the Root by the peculiar pattern - placing of vowels—syllabification
and addition of consonants. Moreover, relational aspect of the semantic
field will also influence and add connotations to the word with
reference to its collocates. Hence;
perception and connotation of an Arabic word is the composite whole of the perception infolded in its Root, coupled with meanings associated
with its pattern, and its relation to the semantic field where it is used—collocates.
It signifies that
the basic meanings of a Root and word do not exhaust
are used in a different semantic field, relational area, while necessarily
retaining the base meanings. This phenomenon is particular to the words
which are other than those coined to denote and identify a specific
tangible object, or person, i.e. substantive nouns. Actions and
gestures, bodily actions or body language has various levels of
intensity, depth, magnitude proportionally reflecting the feel and state
of heart and mind.
morphology is like the second of
trinucleotide sequence of anticodon.
All the words stemming from a particular root are enumerated in the root page
and their morphological features are mentioned therein. Moreover, all words are
segregated by their types.
Syntax- (Arabic: النحو
العربي or قواعد
Comparable to third
trinucleotide sequence of anticodon is
It is the other branch of Arabic grammar that
deals with the set of rules, principles, and process that govern the structure
of sentences. It deals with how words or other elements of sentence structure
are combined to form grammatical sentences-complete expressions. The subject of
syntax [Nahw-] revolves around word itself and the speech. The benefit of
grammar is protection against error in speech, and likewise in writing. Syntax
is concerned with the expression-word as it exists within the context of a
sentence. It is not particularly concerned with the expression-word itself which
is the main subject of other branch of Arabic grammar, i.e. morphology-Tasreef.
Syntax is all about the concept called grammatical inflection-I‘rāb إﻋﺮﺍﺏ.
It is considered the core of grammar and everything else revolves around it.
Experts say understand this concept is understanding the Arabic language and
failing to understand it is failing to understand the language.
Syntax of Grand Qur'aan is the
simplest because we have only to observe the vowel on the
last consonant of a noun. The last
vowel reveals the role and function of a noun in the
sentence. Nouns having vowel sign
on their last consonant are termed "nominative-
those with vowel sign
are termed "accusative-مَنْصُوْب",
and third case-ending with vowel sign [ـِ
.. -ٍ ] are termed "genitive-مَجْرُوْر".
There are 8 roles that
nouns play in sentences when they have case ending
There are 12 roles that
nouns play in sentences when they have case ending
There are 2 roles
that nouns play in sentences when they have case ending [ـِ
.. -ٍ ]—"genitive-مَجْرُوْر"
Thus there are only 22
positions for reflecting the role and function a noun
performs in sentences and discourse.
There are twenty amino acids and a start and
a stop codon in protein-coded gene translation. In Arabic,
there are twenty two declensions of a noun that signify its
role in the sentence: two genitive, eight nominative, and
The Dictionary of Roots
enumerates all the nouns, with different case endings,
stemming from them that are used in the Grand Qur'aan.
ء ب ب