Beginning is with Allah's personal name Ar'Reh'maan Who is The Fountain of Infinite Mercy.











Classical Lexicons

Lane's Lexicon
























Root: ء ز ف

Words from this Root in the Grand Qur'aan:

a) Total occurrences: 3 

b) No of constructions: 3

Ibn Faris [died 1005] stated:

(مقاييس اللغة)

الهمزة والزاء والفاء يدلّ على الدّنُوّ والمقارَبة

That it leads to the perception of closeness and approaching, contiguity.

Relates to Root: ء ج ل  Time deadline.

: terminus moment of deadline

It denotes reverse calendar: a calendar that starts with the deadline and moves backwards step by step. It is thus ever approaching and coming nearer every second.

  • You the Messenger [Sal'lallaa'hoalaih'wa'salam] warn/admonish them about the Day which is ever approaching nearer and nearer [to terminus moment of deadline]
  • The Day when the hearts will bulge unto throats, extremely terrified and perturbed ones.
  • There will neither be a friend nor an intercessor for the distorters - creators of imbalances - evil doers who will be listening and accepting their calls. [40:18]

  • The ever approaching Promised day-terminus moment of deadline has become imminent. [53:57]

  • There is none at all a discloser, other than Allah the Exalted, to manifest its timing. [53:58]


Verb: Perfect; Third Person; Singular; feminine; ت feminine marker with added vowel sign for reason of breaking cluster of two vowel-less consonants;  مصدر-أَزْفٌ Verbal noun.  (1)53:57=1فعل ماضٍ مبني على الفتح/  تَاء التانيث الساكنة/صيغة:-واحد مؤنث غائب


Active Participle: Definite; singular; feminine; genitive. (1)40:18=1

                                                                                                         اسم فاعل-معرفہ باللام- مجرور-واحد مؤنث


Active Participle: Definite; singular; feminine; nominative. (1)53:57=1

                                                                                                         اسم فاعل-معرفہ باللام- مرفوع-واحد مؤنث


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