Beginning is with Allah's personal name Ar'Reh'maan Who is The Fountain of Infinite Mercy.

In Grand Qur'aan  Roots with first two letters  ء س

1) ء س ر

2) ء س س

3) ء س ف 

4) ء س ن

5) ء س و/ى


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Classical Lexicon


















































Root: ء س ف

Words from this Root in the Grand Qur'aan:

a) Total occurrences: 5

b) No of constructions: 4

Ibn Faris [died-1005] stated:

(مقاييس اللغة)

الهمزة والسين والفاء أصلٌ واحد يدلّ على الفَوت والتلهُّف

That it leads to the perception of missing something from hand and feel of anxiety, yearning, longing, disappointment.

Semantic Domain: Emotion - Disappointment

It is the feeling of dissatisfaction that follows the failure of expectations or hopes to manifest. It is a subjective response related and proportioned to the level of hope of manifestation of the expectation. Thereby, the response can be different and of varying intensity.

  • [When he arrived earlier than the appointed date, he was asked]  "You explain what prompted hasten you to leave your nation, O Mūsā" [20:83]

  • He replied, "They have become such people who are well established in exactly following my way. I hastened towards You the Exalted, my Sustainer Lord to win appreciation, approval and pleasure of Your Majesty." [20:84]

  • He told him, "Then know it, We have let your nation in liquefying trial since Sa'mri has made them neglectfully straying, after you left them." [20:85]

The disappointment - feel of being let down - ground reality being reverse to his expectation was so strong that anger and heavy heartedness gripped him;

  • Afterwards, because of the frustrating information Mūsā [alai'his'slaam] returned to his nation in the grip - heightened feeling of anger and heavy heartedness, disappointed.

However, soon he had become normal and had started investigating about the incident. Psychological response or results of disappointment vary, it may be a quick recovery or others may even suffer physically especially when it is about a longing:

  • And he turned away from them;

  • And sighed, "Alas my disappointment over Yu'suf missing continues."

  • And his eyes became white by the grief;

  • Thereby, he was distressed. [12:84]


In a sovereign-subject relational field disappointment denotes to be not good or satisfactory as was expected from the subject. It is the disregard by the subject of the command or respite  by the sovereign. In such cases response - result is not emotional but of culpability and dispensation of justice:

  • Thereby, they having disregarded Our Majesty, We decided to award them punishment;

  • Therefore, We drowned them, all together. [43:55]

  • Thereby, We rendered and declared them the past precedence and example [to take lesson] for the later people. [43:56]


Verb: Perfect; Third person; plural; masculine; active; [Form IV]; Transitive; [و] Subject Pronoun, in nominative state + Suffixed Object Pronoun: First Person; Plural, in accusative state; مصدر-إِيْسَافٌٌ Verbal noun.(1)43:55=1

فعل ماضٍ مبنى على الضم لاتصاله بواو الجماعة/و- ضمير متصل في محل رفع فاعل/جمع مذكرغائب/باب افعال   

                                                                                           ضمير متصل  في محل نصب مفعول به /جمع  متكلم

2 Verbal noun/Quasi active participle: Indefinite; singular; masculine; accusative.  (1)7:150(2)20:86=2                                                                                  مصدر: منصوب  

Verbal noun/used adverbially: Indefinite; accusative. (1)18:06=1   مصدر: منصوب 


 Vocative Particle + Possessive Phrase: Verbal noun/used adverbially: Indefinite; accusative + Suffixed pronoun: First person; singular; masculine, in genitive state. (1)12:84=1                                           

                            أداة نداء + الإِضَافَةُ: مصدر: منصوب/مضافضمير متصل-واحد متكلم في محل جر-مضاف إليه


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