Beginning is with Allah's personal name Ar'Reh'maan Who is The Fountain of Infinite Mercy.






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Root: ء ن ف

Words from this Root in the Grand Qur'aan:

a) Total occurrences: 3 

b) No of constructions: 3

Ibn Faris [died 1005] stated:

(مقاييس اللغة)

الهمزة والنون والفاء أصلان منهما يتفرَّع مسائلُ الباب كلّها: أحدهما أخْذ الشيءِ من أوّلِه، والثاني أَنْف كلِّ ذي أنْف

That it means referring, considering first part of a thing, and secondly it signifies nose.

Semantic domain: Human bodyRoot: ج س د

Body Part: Noseolfactory sensory organ - also an instrument of indicating disgust

  • And We ordained upon them therein the Tor'aat:

  • That a person for a person;

  • And an eye for an eye;

  • And nose for a nose;

  • And ears for ears;

  • And a tooth for a tooth;

  • And for wounds; retaliatory punishment is to be pursued.

  • Thereby, whoever forgoes the excess-wrong done to him, thereat, it is for him an expiation [for his other wrong doings].

  • Be mindful; if anyone in timeline decided and commanded not by that: the Book which Allah the Exalted communicated:

  • Thereby such people are truly the evil-doers-distorters-creators of imbalances-disorders-over stepping. [5:45]

A word: made from this Root is once used in Ayah 47:16 which is translated as "just now" by almost all the translators. It were erroneous translations since the word is used as circumstantial adverb while "just now" is time adverb.

  • Know it; Some of them pretend attentively listening to you the Messenger [Sal'lallaa'hoalaih'wa'salam];

  • Until immediately after they had departed from your place;

  • They in nasal tone asked those bestowed with knowledge, "What has he said?"

  • They are the people Allah the Exalted has let the veil persist upon their hearts;

  • And they have consciously made themselves follow their own lusts and conjectures. [47:16]

Nasal tone is used to indicate sarcasm that has connection with disgust. Similarly nose wrinkling, non-verbally shows disgust at something.


Noun: Indefinite; Singular; Masculine; accusative. (1)47:16=1

                                                                                                                          اسم :منصوب-واحد مذكر


Noun: Definite; singular; masculine; accusative. (1)5:45=1

                                                                                                              اسم:معرفہ باللام- منصوب-واحد مذكر


Prepositional Phrase:  بـِ Inseparable preposition + Noun: Definite; singular; masculine; genitive.(1)5:45=1جار و مجرور= بـِ حرف جر + اسم:معرفہ باللام- منصوب-واحد مذكر


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