Beginning is with Allah's personal name Ar'Reh'maan Who is The Fountain of Infinite Mercy.

In Grand Qur'aan  Roots with first two letters  ء س

1) ء س ر

2) ء س س

3) ء س ف 

4) ء س ن

5) ء س و

Lane Lexicon


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Root: ء س ى

Words from this Root in the Grand Qur'aan:

a) Total occurrences: 4

b) No of constructions: 3 Verbs [Form-I: 3; Form-IV: 1]

Ibn Faris [died 1005] stated:

 الهمزة والسين والياء كلمة واحدة، وهو الحزن؛ يقال أَسِيتُ على الشيء

That it signifies sorrow, grief.

Semantic Domain: Emotion - feel sorry, lament, deplore, anguish.

What exactly is the feel, features and manifestation portrayed by this root are rendered explicit by contrasting it with another emotion in this ayah:

  • None of adversity descended causing affliction, neither within the Earth nor within your selves except that which was already recorded in a book. It is already recorded before We might set it free to take execution.

  • Indeed this has always been an easy matter for Allah the Exalted. [57:22]

  • This information regards adversities are already recorded in book is disclosed for the purpose that you people might not anguish - deplore for what has left you. And that you people should not boisterously rejoice about that which is given to you people.

  • Take note that Allah the Exalted does not at all appreciate-approve such person who is conceited, self deluded arrogant boastful. [57:23]

Verb Form-I


Verb: Imperfect; Second person; singular; masculine; Mood: Jussive; Subject pronoun hidden. (1)5:26(2)5:68=2

           فعل مضارع مجزوم  بِلا و علامة جزمه حذف آخره حرف العلة/الفاعل ضمير مستتر فيه-أَنتَ/واحد مذكر مخاطب



Verb: Imperfect; Second person; plural; masculine; Mood: Subjunctive; Subject pronoun in nominative state. (1)57:23=1

                      فعل مضارع منصوب بِكي و علامة جزمه حذف النون-و- ضمير متصل في محل رفع فاعل-والألف-فارقة 


Verb Form-IV


Verb: Imperfect; First person; singular; [masculine]; Mood: Indicative; [Form-IV]; Intransitive; Subject Pronoun hidden; 7:93=1

                                                           فعل مضارع مرفوع بالضمة المقدرة /الفاعل ضمير مستتر فيه-أَنَا-واحد متكلم


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