Beginning is with Allah's personal name Ar'Reh'maan Who is The Fountain of Infinite Mercy.








Lane Lexicon

Classical Lexicons
















































































Root: ج و ر

Words from this Root in the Grand Qur'aan:

a) Total occurrences: 13 

b) No of constructions: 11

Nouns: 4 Recurrence: 5  Verbs: 7  Recurrence: 8 [Form-III: 1; Form-IV: 6; Form-X: 1]

Ibn Faris [died 1005] stated:

(مقاييس اللغة)

الجيم والواو والراء] أصلٌ واحد، وهو المَيْل عن الطَّريق.

ومن الباب طَعَنَه فجَوَّره أي صَرَعه.

That it signifies deviating from the right course.

Lane's Lexicon:

He declined, or deviated, from the right course; and so جارعَنِ القَصْدِ: he wandered from the right way: he pursued a wrong course: (K:) or he left the right way in journeying: and it (anything) declined.;

He became his جار [or neighbour]; he lived in his neighbourhood, or near to him: or he lived in a dwelling contiguous to his.

he aided him; succoured him; delivered him from evil: the أَ having a privative effect.

  • Take note; you people be exclusively subservient-allegiant to Allah the Exalted [His Will/Command/ Book]. And you people should never associate anyone-anything as partner-associate with Him.

  • And look after your parents with affectionate kindness;

  • And so with kindred-family-clan-relationship of affinity; and the father-orphans and those in need-destitute;

  • And with the neighbour who is close relative; and with the stranger neighbour in vicinity; And with the companion-colleague; and the wayfarer; And with those upon whom right hand of you have the authority and are managing their affair-domestic servants in your submission and under your protection emigrant married women in  matrimonial bond of a Non Believer.

  • Remember; Allah the Exalted certainly does not appreciate-approve such person who is conceited, the arrogant, and the boastful--- [4:36]

  • Take note, the direction of the Course-High road is incumbent upon Allah the Exalted to manifest for people. But a wanderer - deviant journeys away from it.

  • Know it, had He the Exalted so willed, He would have certainly led you, all together, on the determined path. [but that was not the scheme/purpose of creation]. [16:09]

  • You the Messenger [Sal'lallaa'hoalaih'wa'salam] ask them, "Who is He in Whose hands is the system of governance/dominion of each and everything that exists;

  • And He secures - protects - provides asylum and none is secured from Him;

  • If you people understand/know it?" [23:88]



1 Noun: Definite; singular; masculine; genitive. (1)4:36(2)4:36=2

                                                                                                                  اسم :معرفہ باللام-مجرور-واحد مذكر


Active Participle: Indefinite; Singular; Masculine; nominative. [جَوْرٌ Verbal Noun]. (1)16:09=1                                                                                         اسم فاعل:مرفوع--واحد مذكر

3 Noun: Indefinite; singular; masculine; nominative (1)8:48=1     اسم :مرفوع--واحد مذكر   
4 Active Participle: Indefinite; plural; feminine; nominative; Form-VI;.  (1)13:04=1                                                                                                       اسم فاعل:مرفوع- جمع  مؤنث  

Verbs Form-III

1 Verb: Imperfect; Third person; plural; masculine; Mood: Indicative evident by "نَ"; [Form III]; [و] Subject pronoun in nominative state; Suffixed Object Pronoun كَ: Second Person; Singular; Masculine, accusative state;  مصدر-مُجَاوَرَةٌ Verbal noun. (1)33:60=1

                              فعل مضارع مرفوع بثبوت النون/و-ضمير متصل في محل رفع فاعل-جمع مذكرغائب/باب مفاعلة 

                                                                                ضمير متصل  في محل نصب مفعول به/واحد مذكر حاضر


Verbs Form-IV

1 Prefixed conjunction فَ which shows cause/reason and effect + Verb: Imperative; Second person; singular; masculine; [Form-IV]; Subject pronoun hidden + Suffixed Object pronoun: third person; singular; masculine, in accusative state; مصدر--إَِجَارَةٌ Verbal noun  (1)9:06=1

                              حرف فَ +  فعل أمرمبنى على السكون/الفاعل ضمير مستتر فيه-أَنتَ-واحد مذكرمخاطب/باب افعال

                                                               ضمير متصل مبنى على الضم في محل نصب مفعول به /واحد مذكرغائب

2 Verb: Imperfect; Third person; singular; masculine; Passive; Mood: Indicative; [Form-IV]; Ergative/Proxy subject pronoun hidden; مصدر--إَِجَارَةٌ Verbal noun. (1)23:88=1

    فعل مضارع مبنى للمجهول مرفوع بالضمةن/ائب الفاعل :ضمير مستتر جوازاً تقديره:هُوَ-واحد مذكرغائب باب افعال

3 Verb: Imperfect; First person; singular; masculine; Mood: Jussive; [Form-IV]; Subject pronoun hidden + Suffixed Object Pronoun: Second Person; masculine; plural, in accusative state; مصدر--إَِجَارَةٌ Verbal noun. (1)46:31=1

                    فعل مضارع مجزوم لأنه جواب الطلب /الفاعل:ضمير مستتر جوازاً تقديره:هُوَ-واحد مذكرغائب/باب افعال

                                                         كُم-ضمير متصل مبنى على الضم  جمع مذكرحاضر فى محل نصب مفعول به

4 Verb: Imperfect; third person; singular; masculine; Mood: Indicative; [Form-IV];  مصدر--إَِجَارَةٌ Verbal noun.  (1)23:88(2)67:28=2

                                   فعل مضارع مرفوع بالضمة-:الفاعل:ضمير مستتر جوازاً تقديره:هُوَ-واحد مذكرغائب/باب افعال

5 Verb: Imperfect; Third Person; singular; Masculine, [Form-IV]; Mood: Subjunctive + نِ noon of protection + Suffixed Object Pronoun: First Person; singular; masculine, in accusative; مصدر-إَِجَارَةٌ Verbal noun. (1)72:22=1

                فعل مضارع منصوب  و علامة نصبه الفتح/الفاعل:ضمير مستتر جوازاً تقديره:هُوَ-واحد مذكرغائب/باب افعال

                                                                   نون الوقاية + الياء ضمير متصل  في محل نصب مفعول به/واحد متكلم


Verbs Form-X

1 Verb: Perfect; Third person; singular; masculine;  [Form-X]; Subject Pronoun hidden + Suffixed Object Pronoun: Second person; singular; masculine, accusative state; مصدر-إِسْتَجَارَةٌ Verbal noun. (1)9:06=1

                         فعل ماضٍ مبنى على الفتح المقدر/الفاعل:ضمير مستتر جوازاً تقديره:هُوَ-واحد مذكرغائب/باب  إستفعال

                                                             كَ-ضمير متصل مبنى على الفتح واحد مذكرحاضر فى محل نصب مفعول به


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