Man and the Universe
Will the universe come to an end?
And if so, how?
Fundamental questions of physics and our existence from the point of view of physicists are: Where did the universe come from? How and why did it begin? Will it come to an end, and if so, how?
Earlier we have studied the answers in the Divine Discourse to the question "Where did the universe come from and about why did it begin", and about: How did it begin? Now we will study to find the answer of the question: Will it come to an end, and if so, how?
The objective of a book is accomplished when its text creates an impression in the reader's minds. A powerful tool to achieve this objective is imagery, a figure of speech, which employs words to create mental images in the mind of the reader. It makes the reader feel as if he is present in the very moment, right between the lines. Words that do not stimulate imagination are just symbols sprinkled on a blank piece of paper. Images and emotions are recreated by using vivid descriptions and comparisons with the help of sound words.
Grand Qur'aan illustrates in a unique way by the choice of such words whereby it produces images and describes events as though were happening in front of the reader. Its vivid descriptions portray image in such manner as if it were being displayed in a live recording. The reader feels watching the past and future events visually. Let us listen the elevated Messenger of Allah the Exalted:
You the Messenger [Sal'lallaa'hoalaih'wa'salam] pronounce: "It is a fact; evocative luminous enlightenments: Verbal descriptive passages of Grand Qur'aan picturing-imaging the past and the future have since reached you; a communication from your Sustainer Lord.
: It is an epithet for Grand Qur'aan; grammatically singular, but morphologically broken plural of singular: which signifies: "Mental perception; the perceptive faculty of the mind" [Lane Lexicon]. Its Root is "ب ص ر". The basic perception infolded in the root is that of such seeing as yields knowledge-mental perception. The : descriptive verbal passages of Grand Qur'aan are : luminous enlightenments; they stimulate imagination; they open the eye of heart/mind-understanding. They are the live imagery of physical realm; they warp time-space making it easy for the reader to conveniently see and perceive.
The question of physicists relates to the future. Interestingly, we find the answer given by using perfect verbs that emphasize as if it has already happened. The future-perfect is used to express the certainty of an happening in the future.
The question of physicists is limited to whether or not the universe will come to an end, but when the answer is given in affirmative many people start asking the date and time of its end since they have no scientific evidence or argument to negate the affirmation. The scientific explanation and evidence could be found only in answer to question "how it will end", or "what will cause it perish". Thus, our study has three segments:
(1) Will the Universe come to an end;
(2) Query about the date and moment of its end; (we swill study it separately under "Eschatology")
(3) How will it end?;
The question "will it come to an end" is naive for men of ordinary prudence since common sense tells every created thing is but to perish ultimately. Anything brought to existence by design and will for an assigned objective is always for a determined duration of its existence:
Have they not yet indulged in deep thinking - reflected objectively about their own selves?
Had they reflected they would have realized that Allah the Exalted has not created the Skies and the Earth and all that which exists between these two but in the manner of conditioning them by infallible governing rules for a determined purpose—
And for a duration with a determined-named moment of its expiry.
However, it is a fact that quite a large number of people are certainly the disavowers of accountability by their Sustainer Lord. [30:08]
And Our Majesty has not created the Skies and the Earth and all that which exists between these two randomly but by conditioning them scientifically: infallible governing rules for a determined purpose;
And for a duration with a determined-named moment of its expiry.
And those who have disavowed purposely refrain that (Grand Qur'aan) by which they were admonished. [46:03]
Matter and life is what the whole of universe is. It is declared that the creation of universe is for: . It is an adjectival phrase meaning a duration with a determined-named-appointed moment of its expiry. Thus everything in the created realm is but to perish:
Each and every created thing-matter and life is a self destroyer. His Person is the only exception Who is not self destroyer. [R28:88]
Each and every one of those who is upon it/Earth is the perishing/deteriorating/changing one. [55:26]
And the existence of Sustainer Lord of you the Messenger [Sal'lallaa'hoalaih'wa'salam] is to remain perpetual, the holder of Majesty and Absolute Honour. [55:27]
The fact that the universe is created for a determined period of existence reveals that it will have its end day: The Last Day, and specific moment of disintegration described by: the Moment - the Hour:
Indeed they caused loss to their selves who had contradicted their presentation to and accountability by Allah the Exalted;
Until when the determined-appointed moment reached upon them, all of a sudden:
They regrettably and melancholically said: "Woe is for us that we deliberately neglected taking thought of it". [Refer 6:31]
Let us first find the answer to Stephen Hawking's question that as to how the universe will end, and will later study the happenings of the Last Day. The Day will be recognized by the big bang that will initiate the process of breaking the entire universe:
Know it, the Day when sound was blown in the Trumpet—
Thereupon whoever was living in the Skies and whoever was living in/on the Earth panicked—
Except the one whom Allah willed [not to be effected by terrible happenings of the Day]
And everyone [after second blow in Trumpet] came to His presence as submissive and humbling. [27:87]
Know it, the sound was blown in the Trumpet—
Thereupon whoever was living in the Skies and whoever was living in/on the Earth felt thunderstruck—
Afterwards the sound is blown in the Trumpet second time thereupon - at that point in time they will be standing in waiting. [39:68]
It is informed by using past tenses — future perfect to emphasize the infallibility of the given information as if it has already happened — that the Last Day will be recognized by the blow of sound in the Trumpet.
Both ayahs have complex sentence by structure and are declarative. The effect of blow is described in the dependent clauses by two intransitive verbs signifying the feel and state of individuals alive on the Last Day, anywhere in the Universe. They will be panicked and feel like thunderstruck.
There will be two blows in the trumpet; the first will cause the dismantling of universe and natural death to all living on that Day. Thereafter, there will be gap of time before the second blow when life will be revived and everyone will stand on their feet. The connective particle: , which occurs as conjunction between two things different from each other in nature and reflects a break and time-gap between both, not continuity. It does not reflect the perception of relationship of cause and effect.
The prominent feature of the Last Day and how the universe will come to an end is the piercing - thundering sound:
In consequence when a blow/Big Bang would have been blown in the Trumpet—[69:13]
And the Earth and the mountains would have been uplifted vertically, whereupon they both will be crushed and spread in singular level. [69:14]
Thereat is the Day when the Determining Event will have made the happening/occurrence; [on second Blow in Trumpet] [69:15]
These people wait for nothing except a Big/mighty Bang; that will seize them while they are mutually disputing in worldly affairs. [36:49]
Thereat they will not be able to make a will;
And nor would they return to their household. [36:50]
And these people [present day confederates] wait nothing except a Big/mighty Bang; for which there will be no gap/interval [of ease, wave after wave of sound, breaking everything]. [38:15]
And you the Messenger [Sal'lallaa'hoalaih'wa'salam] listen this information attentively; the Day when the Caller would call [blow the Trumpet] from a nearby place of each called one—[50:41]
The Day when they will truly listen the Bang by the appointed moment.
That is the day of coming out [from graves-Earth]. [50:42]
Thereby, in fulfillment of the Promise when the Big Bang-Very Loud Sound [by blowing in Trumpet by command of the Sustainer Lord] would have been heard. [80:33].
That is the Day when the Person will fearfully run away from his brother; [80:34]
And from his biological or otherwise mother and his father; [80:35]
And from his wife and children. [80:36]
Self concern will make each person amongst them/Non-Believers-Muna'fi'qeen indifferent towards everything the Day the Bing Bang is heard. [80:37]
This is important to take heed because when the sound/Big Bang would have been blown in the Trumpet; [74:08]
Thereat it will demonstrate the day, when so happens, as a day of incessant prominent difficulty; [74:09]
Upon those who deliberately and persistently denied. It will be the opposite of ease and comfort for them". [74:10]
The verbal noun: signifies producing a loud sound. Similarly: the feminine Active participle from Root: ص خ خ signifies the sound that is deafening for the ears because of its vehemence, this can also be thought as thud since classical lexicons relate it to rocks impacting with a surface. This bang will be heard suddenly by all the people as if its source was nearby them when they will be busy in their routine activities. The panic will outburst.
Sound is a series of vibrations moving as waves through air or other gases, liquids, or solids. Detection of these vibrations, or sound waves, is called hearing. After being collected by the auricles, sound waves pass through the outer auditory canal to the eardrum, causing it to vibrate. The vibrations of the eardrum are then transmitted through the ossicles, the chain of bones in the middle ear. As the vibrations pass from the relatively large area of the eardrum through the chain of bones, which have a smaller area, their force is concentrated. This concentration amplifies, or increases, the sound.
The sound source are described: and the noun of instrument. The last Day happenings reveal the destructive power of sound waves. Presently we know about the process of cavitation that the energy unleashed by it breaks down the bond that tie large molecules together. The acousticians can better explain by studying the effect on other objects on the Last Day as portrayed in Grand Qur'aan.
The answer to the question "how will the universe end" is that the real big bang will cause its end. It will happen in compliance to the command given at certain moment of the Last Day when the breaking process will begin and many of events will be watched by the humanity living on that day before they all meet the natural death with their eyes remaining open with glimpses of horror since there will be no one to close their eyes.
And He the Exalted is Who created the Skies and the Earth; conditioning them scientifically: infallible governing rules for a determined purpose and time.
And remember the day when He the Exalted will order, "You [the end] manifest yourself." Thereby, in compliance it will happen.
The word of Him the Exalted is the manifest reality.
The sovereignty and dominion is exclusive for Him the Exalted on the Day when [second] blow will be blown in the trumpet.
He is the Knower of the Invisible and the Visible domains, continuously and simultaneously;
Know it, He is the Infinitely Just Supreme Administrator of the created realm; absolutely aware of all evident and secreted. [6:73]
The universe will start breaking when the big bang is blown. What will start happening is mentioned in detail in such picturesque manner that actual and imaginative horror scene experienced by anyone in life would seem belittled. We will study them under the topic "Horrible Events of the Last Day".
History of the Earth Main Page/Index Word by Word Grammar of Arabic of Grand Qur'aan