Misjudgment by a young Male Whale saves Yunus alahissalam.

 

 


Misjudgment by a young Male Whale saves Yunus alahissalam.

This Ayah: Unitary Verbal passage of Grand Qur'aan begins with: [wāw], the Recommencing/Conjunction particle. It is a  discourse coordinator that signals the speaker's identification of an upcoming unit which is coordinate in structure to some prior unit; here the episodes of nations of the Messengers. : It is a Verb-Like Particle, that emphasizes the certainty of the following predicate about its subject.  [alai'his'slaam]: It is the Proper Noun-Name and is the nominal subject of Verb Like Particle.

  . This initiates the predicate of the sentence beginning with Verb Like Particle. Prefixed Particle لَ is a "distanced away-اللام المزحلقة" emphatic particle, rendering further certainty to the predicate. The suffixed preposition indicates a subset, one constituent element-unit of the whole class of:  , which is definite Passive Participle of Form-IV relating to Verbal Noun اِرْسَالٌ; sound plural; meaning the sent ones/caused to perform and act as the Messengers. : It is adverb of time indicating the point in time of incident. It thus literally means: "Know the fact that that Yunus [alai'his'slaam] was performing the assignment as one of the sent Messengers at the point in time when----".

The point in time is when this happened:  . It is a Perfect Verb; Third person; singular; masculine; intransitive; Subject pronoun hidden, referring back to Yunus [alai'his'slaam]. The verb is made from the Root " ء ب ق". It is used in the Grand Qur'aan only once. Therefore, we will have to rely upon the Lexicographers to correctly perceive its meanings with the help of other words used by the Natives/Arabs originating from this Root. The basic perception infolded in the Root, in the words of Ibne Faris [died 1005] is: يدلُّ على إباق العبد، والتشدُّد في الأمر ; That it leads to the perception of escaping of the employee, or servant; and huskiness, sternness, hardness in the matter. In combination, it reflects escaping-leaving aside the assignment by the employee with husky, stern, and disappointed feel. Lane's Lexicon transcribes it as escaping-going away of a person without being induced to do so by his master, for reason of fear or severity of work.. It is used for a she-camel when she denies her milk.

Therefore, the sentence:   literally means: "Know the fact; Yunus [alai'his'slaam] was performing assignment as one of the sent Messengers; when he abandoned-absconded-ran";

The verb: indicates movement, going away from one location to another location. Where did he run away from location of his assignment/area of responsibility/performing as the Messenger of Allah the Exalted? It is told:  It is a prepositional phrase + Adjectival Phrase. The preposition: signifies movement-exertion towards an object or a place being approached. : a definite noun means the ship/boat and its adjectival portrayal is with a definite Passive Participle , i.e. the Ship/Boat in  which the passengers have already embarked making it laden/fully occupied-filled.

Allah the Exalted narrates the scenes in the Grand Qur'aan with the choice of words that the listener and reader could visualize the actual scene in a manner as if he is observing the actual happening. The words depict for us that Yunus [alai'his'slaam], while performing the assignment as Messenger, is running away from his nation and assigned job in a state of  feel of severity, reflective of anger/heavy heartedness-disappointment for unresponsiveness to his assigned mission  abandoning his nation. Moreover, we see that he is running towards the anchored ship which is fully embarked reflecting that it is about to depart/sail. What would be the natural effect of this feel and running from the city to a particular point of sea shore where ships/boats are anchored? It is obviously understandable and is our veryday experience that it will cause anxiety, tiredness/haggardly, sweating, dehydration, exhausted and thirsty. The effect of the activity that day also caused this:

: It is strange and I find it most disturbing and beyond comprehension as to why the majority of translators erroneously saw and found in this verb as [معاذ الله سبحانه تعالى] Yunus alai'his'slaam, betting with the passengers of the ship and loosing the bet against all of them, and then gets thrown into the sea by the winners. They all seem to have thought that it suffices to merely plagiarize what was stated in earlier Exegeses.  

Strangely, it was not noticed that Verb: has prefixed Particle فَ which denotes the sequence and effect of that cause which precedes it, and that is his running towards the ship in a distressed state of mind and heart causing him to abandon his nation. It was also ignored that the Verb is intransitive, and there is no objective complement in the text. The Intransitive Form-III Verb does not signify mutuality of action. The Form-III structure of Verb will always have a transformative meanings, causative to be noun/active participle.

The Root of the Verb is: "س ھ م" wherein the primary signification infolded, according to well known Lexicographers like Ibne Faris, Wehr Cowan, Lane and others, is that of alteration in the colour of the face, someone smitten or effected by the hot wind, with earnest mien, grave faced. It signifies a state of camels when they feel heated and extremely thirsty.

His disappointment for unresponsive attitude of his nation leading to his decision of abandoning them, coupled with running from city to Sea Port, caused him to become a symbol of that reflected by this verb: tired, exhausted, heated/high blood pressure, thirsty, grim.

Although the description of the actual scene is independently quite lucid for visualization, the cause of acquiring this state is also evident from earlier information given about this scene of actual happening;

And "The Host of the Fish" [Yunus alai'his'slaam] when he moved/walked away in the state of a person who is in the grip of heightened feeling of anger/heavy heartedness. [Refer 21:87]

Please note the difference of verb used here with:

We have watched through the picturesque description of the episode that in the grip of heightened feeling of anger/heavy heartedness Yunus [alai'his'slaam] is running away from his nation towards the Sea Port to embark a particular ship which has since been embarked by the passengers; and is therefore almost ready to sail off. The verb and description of the embarked state of ship shows us the cause of running, i.e. apprehension of missing it if not reached the Port in time of its departure. We have visualized by the verb: that this state of mind and physical exertion of running to catch a ready to depart ship has exhausted him feeling weak, heated, and thirsty. What was next effect of all this? We are informed:  . Here also, the deficient verb reflective of becoming in a particular state is preceded by prefixed Particle فَ which denotes the sequence and effect of that cause which precedes it. However, it also indicates presence of a cause which could be gathered from following clauses. The deficient verb signifies the state of being and the hidden singular masculine subject refers back to Yunus [alai'his'slaam]. Thereat, what was his state of being?  : This is a prepositional phrase relating to Predicate of preceding deficient verb;  "thereat/for reason-cause, he was in the state of slipped ones/loosing hold of feet".

 : It is Passive Participle relating to Root: "د ح ض" . The basic perception infolded therein, in the words of Ibne Faris [died 1005] is:  يدلُّ على زوالٍ وزَلَق that it leads to the perception of  declining; like the declining of the Sun towards the place of setting and then disappearing. Lane's Lexicon mentions its basic signification as slipping of the foot, which obviously causes the decline and falling down; loss of stability and firmness, refutation and invalidation of an argument. Nowhere he mentions a single word made from this Root which might denote meanings of losing a bet or gamble.

Yunus [alai'his'slaam] was fast approaching the laden ship; which shows it was about to leave, in an exhausted and disturbed state of heart and mind for which reason his foot slipped and he was there in a state of declined and disappeared ones. The cause and effect particle also shows as if the ship started sailing when he was about to foot the embarkation whereby his foot slipped and he fell down. Adding words like "in/within the Sea" would have been superfluous and waste of words since the place of disappearance is evident from the immediately following sentence. Where did he fell slipping and ultimately got disappeared from the scene?

Thereat/for reason of his slipping and falling in the Sea, the male Whale swallowed him whole,

Prefixed Particle فَ denotes the sequence and effect of that cause which precedes it. It was this state  : "one who had slipped and disappeared declining in the Sea". : The Whale is the subject of Perfect Verb with which the suffixed singular masculine pronoun is fronted object of verb referring back to Yunus [alai'his'slaam].

: The Verb is of Form-VIII. This informs us not just that he swallowed him; it has a specific structure with addition of consonants and vowels adding connotations and further meanings to the original Form-I verb. It shows us that the Whale was not present exactly at the spot of falling and at point in time of this incident. This Form of Verb has reflexive causative meanings even in transitive ones; and indicative of more effort and exertion performed by its subject. The Whale locating the position of prey; by Echolocation, perhaps erroneously judging it as cephalopods [an invertebrate ocean animal with a large head and tentacles-Squid main food item of Sperm Whale], in response to usual buzzes, rushed towards him and then just mouthful swallowed him. It is interesting that the Verb is masculine, third person singular. Some male did this act. Matured and adult Sperm Whales are ordinarily in higher altitudes while the youngsters remain in tropical and subtropical area with feminine pods and are not able to dive very deeply.

This swallowing happened when having slipped into the Sea, he was in this circumstantial state:

o

While he was a lingerer, sluggish awaiting and expecting help for rescue.

: This particle also serves to link the circumstantial clause. This describes the state when he was swallowed whole by the Whale.

: It is Personal pronoun referring to Yunus [alai'his'slaam], and is the subject of nominal sentence.

  : It is the Predicate of nominal sentence, and is active participle of Form-IV having a built in masculine pronoun matching the subject of sentence. Its Root is "ل و م". According to Ibne Faris {died 1005], it has two signification, to quote his own words:

تدلُّ إحداهما على العَتْب والعَذْل، والأخرى على الإبطاء., That one of its meanings give us the perception of rebuke, censure, blame, reprehend, while the other reflects a state of tardiness, sluggish, slowdown. Moreover, classical Lexicon: لسان العرب  also indicates its meanings as awaiting in expectation and delay, linger the matter.

This Active Participle is used twice in the Qur'aan, in the same three worded sentence; and one has no option but to praise Allah the Exalted for the choice of words, which reflect all aspects of the situation and persons for whom this was used. The scene at both places is same. Here we see this Active Participle slipped in the Sea and is a symbol of tardiness, sluggish, slowdown, awaiting and expecting help for rescue. He was also earlier late/delayed in catching the boat to embark, resulting in slipping into sea. The other place; where this Active Participle is used, describes the circumstantial state of Pharaoh when he was drowning in the sea.

[Same information in same words in 28:40]

Consequentially, We seized him/Pharaoh and his troops, whereupon We caused them thrown [from over the bridge] as worthless into the Gulf Suez;

o

While he/Pharaoh was a lingerer, sluggish awaiting and expecting help for rescue. [51:40]  [Moreover he was the blame-taker since he took the initiative of putting foot on the bridge in his madness to capture the crossed over Bani Israel]

The perception and signification infolded in the word, on all four, juxtaposes on the state and attitude of Pharaoh. He had much lingered behind and delayed in accepting the evident truth, he was about to drown, his pronouncement of belief and becoming a Muslim shows his expectation of rescue, the collapse of the bridge throwing him into the sea had already caused him the tardiness.

What happened after the male Sperm-Whale had swallowed him whole? We are informed:

 

It may be noted that the same verb: is used earlier for Pharaoh and his troops for throwing them as worthless. For the Whale, Yunus [alai'his'slaam] was a worthless and irritant prey in his stomach who was swallowed, by a wrong judgment of echolocation technique. He was thrown on the open shore in tired and anguish condition.

 : It is Adjective resembling participle reflecting a man in tired and anguish condition, both physical and mental. Its meanings are elaborated by use of another word: Passive Participle, describing his state when he was inside the belly of Whale:

 

While he had become distressed and anguished. [Refer 68:49]

[Musa alai'his'slaam left his nation earlier than appointed day, with full confidence that they are following him earnestly, resulting his nation strayed by Sa'mri; and the earlier without permission leaving of Yunus alai'his'slaam resulted in his nation's believing on his return and seeking forgiveness-10:98; 37:147 and were pardoned]

 


Recurrences:

إعرا ب القرآن Syntactic Analysis

 
1 Recommencing/Conjunction particle.                                                     [اِستئنافية] 734
2 Verb-Like Particle.                         حرف المشبهة بالفعل ينصب الاسم ويرفع الخبر، ويفيد التوكيد  
3

Proper Noun: Indefinite; Singular; Masculine; accusative; Diptote. (1)4:163(2)6:86(3)10:98(4)37:139=4                                                                               اسم علم:منصوب-واحد مذكر

اسم إِنَّ
4

لَ Prefixed emphatic particle + Separable Preposition + Vowel sign ( ـَ ) for reason اجتماع الساكنين of cluster of two vowel-less consonants. لام التوكيد-المزحلقة + حرف جر

 
5

Passive Participle: Definite; sound plural; masculine; accusative/ genitive; [Form-IV]; مصدر-اِرْسَالٌ Verbal Noun.

                                                                       اسم مفعول:معرفہ باللام- مجرور/منصوب-جمع سالم مذكر/باب افعال

738 خبر إن
1

Adverb of time;                                   ظرف زمان مبني على السكون فى محل نصب بمعنى حِينَ

739

2

Verb: Perfect; Third person; singular; masculine; intransitive; Subject pronoun hidden; مصدر-اِبَاقٌ Verbal Noun. (1)37:140=1

                                                   فعل ماضٍ مبني على الفتح/الفاعل:ضمير مستتر جوازاً تقديره:هُوَ-واحد مذكرغائب

الجملة في محل جر بالإضافة
3

 Separable preposition.                                                                    حرف جر

متعلقان بأبق
4

Collective Noun: Definite; Feminine/Masculine; singular; genitive.

                                                                                                                 اسم :معرفہ باللام-مجرور-واحد مؤنث

 
5

Passive Participle: definite; masculine; singular; genitive. (1)26:119(2)36:41(3)37:140=3                                                                            اسم مفعول:معرفہ باللام-مجرور-واحد مذكر

743 صفة
1

Prefixed conjunction فَ  which shows cause/reason-sequence and effect/consequence + Verb: Perfect; Third Person; Singular; masculine;  [Form-III]; Intransitive; Subject pronoun hidden. (1)37:141=1

                      حرف فَ + فعل ماضٍ مبنى على الفتح/الفاعل:ضمير مستتر جوازاً تقديره:هُوَ-واحد مذكرغائب/باب  فَاْعَلَ

744
2

Prefixed conjunction Particle فَ which shows cause and effect + Verb: [Deficient] Perfect; third person; singular; masculine; Subject pronoun hidden.

      حرف فَ + فعل ماضٍ ناقص مبنى على الفتح/:ضمير مستتر جوازاً تقديره:هُوَ-واحد مذكر غائب في محل رفع اسم كان

 
3   Separable Preposition, Vowel sign  ـَ  for reason اجتماع الساكنين of cluster of two vowel-less consonants.                                                                       حرف جر متعلقان بخبر كان
4

Passive participle: Definite; sound plural; masculine; genitive; [Form-IV]; مصدر-إِدْحَاضٌ Verbal noun. (1)37:141=1

                                                                                    اسم مفعول:معرفہ باللام- مجرور-جمع سالم مذكر/باب افعال

747
1

Prefixed conjunction فَ  which shows cause/reason-sequence and effect/consequence + Verb: Perfect; Third Person; Singular; masculine; [Form-VIII]; Transitive; Suffixed Fronted Object pronoun: Third person; Singular; Masculine, in accusative state; مصدر-إِلْتِقَامٌ Verbal Noun. (1)37:141=1

                                                                           حرف فَ + فعل ماضٍ مبنى على الفتح/صيغة-واحد مذكر غائب

                                          ضمير متصل مبنى على الضم في محل نصب مفعول به مقدم-واحد مذكرغائب

748
2 Noun: Definite; singular; masculine; nominative. (1)37:142=1

                                                                                                                   اسم:معرفہ باللام مرفوع-واحد مذكر

فاعل مؤخر
3  Particle of state/circumstance;                                                                [حالية]  
4 Personal pronoun: third person; masculine; singular; nominative; definite.

                                                                                            ضمير منفصل مبنى على الفتح

مبتدأ
5

Active Participle: Definite; Singular; Masculine; nominative; [Form-IV];        ( مصدر- Verbal Noun)  (1)37:142(2)51:40=2                         اسم فاعل:معرفہ باللام-مرفوع-واحد مذكر

خبر752
1

Prefixed conjunction فَ  which shows cause-sequence and effect +  conditional particle of prevention.                  [حرف شرط غير جازم - حرف امتناع لوجود]

753
2

Verb-Like Particle + Suffixed subject pronoun: third person; singular; masculine, accusative state.

                                      حرف المشبهة بالفعل + ضمير متصل مبني على الضم واحد مذكرغائب في محل نصب اسم أَنَّ

 
3 Verb: Deficient; Perfect; third person; singular; masculine; Subject Pronoun hidden;  مصدر-كَوْنٌ Verbal noun.

           فعل ماضٍ ناقص مبنى على الفتح/الفاعل:ضمير مستتر جوازاً تقديره:هُوَ-واحد مذكر غائب في محل رفع اسم كان

 
4   Separable Preposition, Vowel sign  ـَ  for reason اجتماع الساكنين of cluster of two vowel-less consonants.                                                                       حرف جر  
5

Active Participle: Definite; sound plural; masculine; genitive; [Form-II]. (1)37:143=1                                                                                        اسم فاعل: مجرور -جمع سالم مذكر

757
1

Emphatic Particle-distanced + Verb: Perfect; Third person; singular; masculine;  Subject Pronoun hidden;  مصدر-لَبْثٌ Verbal noun. (1)37:144=1

                    لام التوكيد-المزحلقة +   فعل ماضٍ مبني على الفتح/الفاعل:ضمير مستتر جوازاً تقديره:هُوَ-واحد مذكرغائب

758
2 Separable Preposition.                                                                      حرف جر  
3 Possessive Phrase: Noun: Definite; singular; masculine; genitive + Suffixed possessive pronoun: Third person; masculine; singular, in genitive state. (1)37:144=1        الإِضَافَةُ-اسم:مجرور واحد-مذكر/مضافضمير متصل-واحد مذكر غائب في محل جر-مضاف إليه  
4  Separable Preposition.                                                                     حرف جر  
5

Noun: Indefinite; Masculine; Singular; Genitive.                           اسم مجرور-واحد-مذكر

 
6

Verb: Imperfect; Third person; plural; masculine; Passive; Mood: Indicative evident by "نَ"; and  [و ] Ergative/Proxy Subject Pronoun, in nominative state;  مصدر بَعْثٌ Verbal Noun.  (1)7:14(2)15:36(3)16:21(4)23:100(5)26:87(6)27:65(7)37:144(8)38:79=8

              فعل مضارع مبنى للمجهول-مرفوع بثبوت النون/الواو ضمير متصل في محل رفع نائب فاعل-جمع مذكر غائب

763
1

Prefixed conjunction فَ  which shows cause and effect + Verb: Perfect; First Person; Plural/Sovereign Singular; Masculine; Transitive; Subject Pronoun in nominative state + Suffixed Object pronoun: Third person; Singular; Masculine, in accusative state; مصدر-نَبْذٌ-باب ضرب Verbal noun. (1)37:145=1

             حرف فَ + فعل ماضٍ مبنى على السكون لاتصاله بضمير الرفع/-ضمير متصل  في محل رفع فاعل جمع متكلم 

                                                               ضمير متصل مبنى على الضم واحد مذكرغائب فى محل نصب مفعول به

764
2

Prepositional Phrase: بـِ Inseparable  preposition + Noun: Definite; Singular; Masculine; genitive. (1)37:145(2)68:49=2

                                                                      جار و مجرور= بـِ حرف جر + اسم :معرفہ باللام-مجرور-واحد مذكر

 
3  Particle of state/circumstance;                                                                  [حالية]  
4 Personal pronoun: third person; masculine; singular; definite.

                                                                       ضمير منفصل مبنى على الفتح واحد مذكر غائب

 
5

Adjective resembling participle on  فَعِيْلٌ  measure: Indefinite; singular; masculine; nominative. (1)37:89(2)37:145=2                   الصفة المشبهة:-معرفہ باللام مرفوع-واحد مذكر

768
1

Appositive/Conjunction particle.                                                       [حرف عطف]

769
2

Verb: Perfect; First person; Plural/Sovereign Singular; Masculine; [Form-IV]; [نَا] Suffixed Subject Pronoun; nominative state; مصدر-اِنْبَاتٌ Verbal noun.

              فعل ماضٍ مبني على السكون لاتصاله بضمير المتكلم/نَا-ضمير متصل فى محل رفع فاعل/جمع متكلم /باب افعال

 
3 Prepositional Phrase: Preposition + Suffixed object pronoun: Second person; masculine; singular, genitive state.

                                                جار و مجرور = حرف جر + ضمير متصل في محل جر-واحد مذكرغائب

 
4 Noun: Definite; singular; feminine; accusative.                    اسم : منصوب-واحد مؤنث  
5 Separable Preposition                                                                        حرف جر  
6

Collective Noun; Singular; Masculine; genitive. (1)37:146=1

                                                                                                                          اسم جنس:-مجرور-واحد مذكر

774
1

Appositive/Conjunction particle.                                                       [حرف عطف]

775
2

  Verb: Perfect; First Person; Plural/Sovereign Singular; Masculine; [Form-IV]; [نَا ] Subject pronoun, in nominative state + Suffixed object pronoun: Third person; masculine; singular, in accusative state; مصدر-اِرْسَالٌ Verbal Noun. (1)37:147(2)51:38=2 فعل ماضٍ مبني على السكون لاتصاله بضمير المتكلم/نَا-ضمير متصل فى محل رفع فاعل/جمع متكلم /باب افعال

                                                                  ضمير متصل مبنى على الضم واحد مذكرغائب فى محل نصب مفعول به

 
3  Separable Preposition.                                                                     حرف جر  
4

Noun for count hundred: Indefinite; Feminine; singular; genitive (1)37:147=1

                                                                                                                                   اسم:مجرور-واحد-مؤنث

 
5

Noun: Numeral-One thousand; Indefinite; Masculine; genitive. (1)37:147=1                                                                                                                 اسم: مجرور-واحد مذكر

 
6 Appositive/Coordinating Conjunction Particle: [التخيير alternative options:] [Recurrence 263; First Occurrence in 2:19]                                               حرف عطف للتخبير  
7

  Verb: Imperfect; Third Person; Plural; Masculine; Mood: Indicative evident by نَ [Form I] + [و] Subject Pronoun, in nominate state; مصدر-زِيَادَةٌ Verbal noun(1)37:147=1 فعل مضارع مرفوع بثبوت النون/و- ضمير متصل في محل رفع فاعل-جمع مذكر غائب

781
1

Particle  فَ  which shows cause/reason-sequence and effect + Verb: Perfect; Third person; plural; masculine; active; [Form IV]; [و ] Subject Pronoun, in nominative state:  مصدر-اِيمانٌ Verbal Noun (1)37:148=1

 حرف فَ +فعل ماضٍ مبنى على الضم لاتصاله بواو الجماعة/و- ضمير متصل في محل رفع فاعل-والألف-فارقة/جمع مذكر غائب/باب افعال

782
2

Prefixed conjunction فَ  which shows cause and effect + Verb: Perfect; First person; Plural/Sovereign Singular; Masculine; Form-II]; [نَا]  Subject Pronoun; nominative state; Suffixed Object Pronoun: Third person; plural; masculine, in accusative state; مصدر-تَمْتِيْعٌ Verbal Noun  (1)37:148=1

          حرف فَ +  فعل ماضٍ مبني على السكون لاتصاله بضمير المتكلم/نَا-ضمير متصل فى محل رفع فاعل/جمع متكلم

                                              ضمير متصل مبنى على الضم في محل نصب مفعول به  جمع مذكرغائب/-باب  تَفْعِيل

 
3  Separable Preposition.                                                                     حرف جر متعلقان بمتعناهم
4

Time adverb: singular; masculine; genitive.                             ظرف زمان:مجرور

785