Muna'fi'qeen: Imposter believersthe Narcissist in the society of believers of exalted last Messenger Muhammad Sal'lallaa'hoalaih'wa'salam

 

 

 

 


Coherence:

This is linear - instant response to the individual who prayed to Allah the exalted for providing continued guidance upon the High road that keeps leading safely and stably to the destination of peace and tranquility-Ayah 1:7. He is advised to frequent the Grand Qur'aan for taking guidance from it in every matter for aright course of action and conduct. And out of the three categories of people he had mentioned, third are described who are wanderers: .

Ayahs 8-20: comprise of 193 separate words. It is like a paragraph in English language that is around seven to ten sentences long. The paragraph form refers to its overall structure, which is a group of sentences focusing on a single topic.

There are three main parts of a paragraph:

The paragraph unity is maintained when every other sentence would give specific information than the topic sentence that maintains the same focus of attention as the topic sentence.


Concepttheme:

The text of paragraph is expository: a type of informational text that provides factual information about a topic using a clear, non-narrative organizational structure with a major topic and supporting information. It is written in a way that doesn't assume that the reader has prior knowledge of the subject matter. It is used to explain things rather than argue a point. Here it describes people who are termed in the discipline of Psychology as "Narcissists". It is a personality disorder. A critical reader will find that the Grand Qur'aan classifies and portrays people by their psychology and assigns them a typical name-term for identification. Like a superb coherent paragraph, it discloses in ascending order the characteristic features  of the Narcissist in the society of believers of exalted last Messenger Muhammad Sal'lallaa'hoalaih'wa'salam . The first is that they are Imposter Believers: Introduction of a peculiar class of people belonging exclusively to the Believer's society: , "the Narcissist" and they are the wanderers:   the second category of people who do not follow: as stated in 1:6-7. The paragraph will close by exemplifying these people with natural phenomenon that images their inner-self to facilitate the believers recognizing them.


 

This is the topic sentence of the paragraph. It is an inverted nominal sentence with a recommencing/conjunction particle - a course coordinator. Prepositional phrase:relates to elided fronted predicate. The prepositional phrase signifies the presence of a sub-set—certain group of people in the society. The delayed Subject is Relative Pronoun: "he who", and its relative clause is verbal sentence: "he says, proclaims before others". Its hidden subject pronoun links to the Relative Pronoun. What he says is called: مقول القول  and the expression is the direct object of the verb: "We have accepted the belief in Allah the Exalted and the Last Day". The factual position of their claim is exposed by the following circumstantial clause which is a nominal sentence with negation particle: which is called "The one that Resembles ليس: stated as: [المشبهة بـ"ليس"]But the position is that in truth and entailment they are certainly not the believers.

: The prepositional phrase signifies for we the readers located within the twenty-first century a reference about the presence of a sub-set—certain group of people in the society. But who were they in the seventh-century audience of Grand Qur'aan? The people living in those days in Madina were divided into three sub-set with distinct identities; firstly the emigrant believers who had migrated from Mecca, secondly Anssar the original residents of Madina who provided help and shelter to the emigrant believers, and thirdly the People of Book comprising of Jews and those who named themselves as Nisara (Christians in common parlance). Which was the sub-set referred by this phrase? Obviously, the first two were not its referent because about them the information we have:

We are left with the third sub-set of people of Madina of seventh-century, the Jews and Christians. It is later clarified that the earliest Muna'fi'qeen were people of the segment of society identified as Jews. There were not a single Muna'fiq in Mecca since no one proclaims allegiance and belief to please or deceive a people who have no authority and power in the society. Similarly there was no Munafiq from amongst the Christians.

Narcissism is a personality disorder. Psychologists say that hypocrisy is just as essential to a narcissist's functioning as a horse is to carriage's. The Free Dictionary lists the following as definitions of "hypocrisy": The practice of professing beliefs, feelings, or virtues that one does not hold or possess; falseness. The practice of professing standards, beliefs, etc., contrary to one's real character or actual behaviour, especially the pretence of virtue and piety; the condition of a person pretending to be something he is not, especially in the area of morals or religion; a false presentation of belief or feeling. Insincerity by virtue of pretending to have qualities or beliefs that one does not really have. Like denial, not everyone who engages in hypocrisy is a narcissist, but all narcissists are hypocrites. It comes with the personality disorder.

The topic sentence describes that they pretend by professing belief what they are not, i.e., the Believers. This in English is equivalent to "hypocrisy"—it is just one feature not sum of their personality—therefore it does not encompass them and thus is not the translation of term: . The subsequent sentences provide the details that relate to the people mentioned in the topic sentence. Why do they make a false statement professing to be what they are not in reality? It is clarified:

 

—A complete verbal sentence—Verb-Subject-Object, the subject refers to the people who claim to be believers—"They seek by contrary to fact verbal assertion to beguile Allah the Exalted".

This verbal sentence occurs only twice and by later occurrence we get the specific term-name that describes this particular class of people in the society of believers:

 

: Verb: Imperfect; Third person; masculine; plural ; Mood: Indicative; [Form III];  [و]  Subject Pronoun, in nominative state; مصدر مُخَادَعَةٌ Verbal Noun. Its Root is: خ د ع. According to classical lexicons its basic perception is to proclaim, express, show something which is contrary to what one conceals in his heart. In consideration of objective of such volitional act, it connotes to deceive, delude, beguile, circumvent others. In positive sense it will denote to outwit someone. ((لسان العرب) الخَدْعُ: إظهار خلاف ما تُخْفيه). Form-III verb imparts conative meanings"an act of attempting". Another object of their act are: and to convince those who have accepted consciously and truly [the Messenger and Grand Qur'aan].

This characteristic act is reflective of their deceptive and coward nature. They use this considering it a protective shield:

This is what is their desire and intentions. But the reality is absolutely opposite to it:

Living a life of hypocrisy requires an extraordinary ability to deceive oneself. Narcissists have a bugabooa source of fear or annoyance: something that causes fear, annoyance, apprehension of loss, especially an imagined threat or problem. A narcissist is a duplicitous— two-faced who engages in double-dealing. This requires a strong tolerance for cognitive dissonance. Why they not analyze to perceive-realize that by adopting this strategy they are deceiving none but their selves is because if they redefine what they were doing so that it is different from what they publicly pronounce they never come up against that bugaboo, cognitive dissonance.

We are transcribing: with "the Narcissist" for the convenience of understanding them, but they are a unique group in human history that firstly emerged in timeline when the exalted Messenger Muhammad Sal'lallaa'hoalaih'wa'salam had established a self ruling society after migration from the sacred city Mecca to Madina. Though the Greek word from which hypocrisy is derived includes jealousy in its meanings which is an emotion that typically refers to the thoughts and feelings of insecurity, fear, concern, and anxiety over an anticipated loss of status or something of great personal value, particularly in reference to a human connection, the Muna'fi'qeen nurture many emotions as disease in their hearts:

 

: It is an inverted nominal sentence; Prepositional phrase coupled with possessive phrase:   relates to elided fronted predicate. The prepositional phrase signifies the presence-anchorage-implantation within their hearts. Separable Preposition "" denotes rest in a place or during a time, and motion into a place. This signification is then transferred to the relation subsisting between any two things, the one of which is regarded as the place in which the other is, or happens, or into which it goes or is put. It is utilized for adverbial meanings.

The natural ordering in a nominal sentence is for the topic to be first and the comment to be second. But this structure may be inverted to achieve rhetorical benefit. There are a few situations in which inverting the structure is prohibited, and there are others in which inverting the structure actually becomes mandatory. One situation that the sentence must be inverted is when the topic is purely indefinite and the comment is a prepositional or adverbial phrase as is the case in this sentence. And this is situation when the topic/subject may be indefinite. Inverting the structure of sentence helps achieve rhetorical benefit.

In English the sentence order is subject - predicate. Therefore, while translating inverted nominal sentences of source text care must be taken otherwise the message will be distorted. Translating it as "In their hearts is a disease" is patently incorrect because except additional of copula "is" it is translation of individual words from right to left and not the translation of sentence whereby ambiguity in English rendition is quite apparent.

: It is the delayed subject of the sentence. It is a verbal noun and denotes a state that takes a man beyond the border of health, exactitude, validity, truth. Its primary significance is disease:

By inverting the sentence and putting subject in pure indefinite state, reference of some immediate physical disorder in the heart is removed and its scope is widened to cover all sorts of negative emotions about which we in the 21st century do know that it increase the risk of heart disease. The sentence under study has ten recurrences and at all places it refers not to health related disease but strong negative emotions that cause personality disorders:

This sentence is inalienable feature of Muna'fi'qeen but there are others who also have this characteristic feature:

: The first two words constitute a verbal sentence in order: Verb-Fronted object-delayed Subject. All English translations are erroneous who render the object of verb as "disease" while the object is third person, masculine, plural noun referring back to people under discussion. Majority have erroneously translated the sentence "Allah has increased their disease".

The Root of verb is: ز ى د which signifies to grow, increase, augment, enhance, develop, overwhelm. This needed to be disambiguated as to regarding what they were let increase, overwhelm. The disambiguation accusative (in Arabic grammar تميز): removes the ambiguity, "Thereby, it being their willful act, Allah the Exalted has let them overwhelm, with regard to their respective disease [by leaving them as condemned- discarded]."

This is a inverted nominal sentence like the one in 2:7. The reason for requital of severe punishment is their habit of lying in their worldly life. When deficient perfect verb: is followed by imperfect verb in indicative mood the meanings of Imperfect verb are converted into past continuous verb; it thus signifies an habit. It is their regular behaviour pattern repeated so often that it has become typical of them:


 

: Particle "Waw" is the most frequently used cohesive tie. It is discourse coordinator, sentence starter: Sentences within an expository text,  after the introductory sentence are often initiated with "wa"; the presence of "and" signals the speaker's identification of an upcoming unit which is coordinate in structure to prior unit.

We are trying to follow the pedagogical-teaching strategy of Grand Qur'aan on need to know basis and later try understanding semantics. Particle: has occurred for the first time. It is Time Adverb. It is a particle that can have a conditional as well as temporal function. In that case, the content of the condition refers to the future. In this case the particle is often followed by a verb in the past tense with a future perfect meaning. Since a particle with a conditional meaning is involved the condition always will have to be completed by a result clause which is the case for all conditional particles. As for this particle is concerned, it is necessary that the conditional element in the sentence refers to a known case which will happen in any case. Consequently there may be no doubt about the conditions taking place. This way is stressed the temporal character of the condition.

The sentence following it is grammatically considered in genitive state by construct (جملة  في محل جر بالإضافة) like a possessive phrase.

  Verb: Perfect; Third person; singular; masculine; Passive; [Form-I];  مصدر قولٌ Verbal Noun. In a passive construction the focus is on the event rather than the agent. In active voice verb we have subject and if transitive the object also. In Passive voice the affected if mentioned is called Proxy Subject (نائب فاعل) and is always in nominative case/state. Here the agent who said the quoted statement is not specified, but the context clarifies that it was someone of the true believers.

: Prepositional phrase relating to verb. In English, about saying something to others we use "to"- a preposition or adverb indicating the direction, destination or position of something. But in Arabic for saying something to someone, the preposition "ل " is used which signifies "for". However, when we use "for" to translate preposition "ل " "When it was said for them" it can also mean as if something was conveyed through third party to them and not face to face conversation. Fact remains that in real terms whatever we say whether face to face or convey it we say for the addressee since it is he who has to listen it comprehensively or regard it just as noise by remaining inattentive or feels dissonance.

: This verbal sentence is the direct object of the verb, that which was said. : نَاهية جَازمة Prohibitive Particle. When it comes before second person conjugations of imperfect verbs it denotes a negative/prohibitive/forbidding counseling. Its identification and distinction from other uses/functions is evident by its having acted as a Jussive Particle by rendering the following verb in Jussive Mood. Compare use of  earlier in 1:07; 2:02; and before imperfect verb in 2:06. It will help register in our memory its identification and meanings facilitating quick understanding of its 1728 occurrences. 

  Verb: Imperfect; second person; plural; masculine; Mood Jussive; [Form-IV]; [و] Subject pronoun, in nominative state;مصدر اِفْسَادٌ Verbal Noun. The jussive [in Arabic: مجزوم] is a grammatical mood of verbs for exhorting, counseling when preceded by prohibitive particle. Its visual sign in third plural masculine verbs is that the last "Noon" is dropped which is the sign of indicative mood.

Root of verb is:  ف س د . The basic perception infolded in the Root is that of a thing becoming dilapidated, damaged, decayed or decomposed; and it no more remaining - sustaining on its original essence. Anything that has lost its balance and equilibrium. The natural effect of it is that it disturbs tranquility, stability and beauty causing imbalance, disturbance, disquiet and feel of discomfort and ugliness. It is the opposite/contrast/antonym of Root: "ص ل ح"  that signifies a state of dynamic balance and equilibriumresulting in tranquility, stability, beauty and feel of quiet and comfort.

The perception of the Root is also opposite to that of Root: "ح س ن"  that signifies that each part of a thing is in exact proportion and contiguity to others and surroundings resulting in a beautiful pleasant look. Hence oddity and haphazardly dispersed state is the signification of Root: "ف س د".

There response was:

Hypocrites feel dissonance when they are confronted with information that is inconsistent with their belief and conduct. The dissonance can be reduced by critically analyzing the incoming information and on finding it irrefutable and resultantly changing one's belief. But if intellect is not applied they opt restoring consonance through misperception, rejection or refutation of the information abruptly.

 

Experts suggest that one of the criteria a book has to meet to earn title of a great book is that "The book has to speak from an important original setting. But a great book is one that is not trapped in its original setting. It has to be written in a way that constitutes it a living experience for readers today."

The form of text is expository and choice of words is such that it covers those Muna'fi'qeen who lived in the time-frame of revelation of Grand Qur'aan and those who thenceforth lived and are living in time and spare.


: In this sentence there are three affecting entitiesthe participants are two different people, firstly someone of true believers who asked, the others are Muna'fi'qeen who were asked; and the third are those the second were directed to emulate. The third persons referred were obviously known both to the speaker and his addresses. The addressee Muna'fi'qeen responded and declared the third type of people as "the fools". Allah the Exalted rebuked their statement and emphatically declared that in fact they themselves are truly the fools but intend not to know it.

The people who were asked to be emulated in the manner of believing were not on the scene and were declared the fools by addressee. They need to be identified in that time-frame. The recurrence of adjective resembling participle: in 2:142 will identify to us these remarkable people belonging to Nisa'ra and Jews of those days whose belief was declared worth emulation. They abandoned their long held concept of East and West as Qibla-ta-Focal Point and returned to: the Community of Iebra'heim alai'his'slaam, their ancestor, by accepting Kaa'ba as the First and universal Qibla-ta.

 

These directions, East and West are Qib'laa'tae of Nisara and Jews; in Madina Munawwara East and West has nothing to do with Kaa'aba and Aaq'saa/Bait Muq'aduss because they are respectively in North and South of Mad'ina.

The known fools/Muna'afiqeen have been declared: in 2:13-frame of reference, at the time of revelation the first were from amongst Jews-see 2:14 below.


 

 

We are interested to know exactly as to the identification of the earliest Muna'afiqeen by the group they belonged to because the information is structured in such manner that it relates to this type of people in the entire timeline. Recurrence or repetition from a functional standpoint play a central role in increasing the information of the reader in expository text. We find recurrences of sentences that link additional information associated with the earlier exposition.  

The first sentence: is repeated in Ayah 2:76. This shows one face of Muna'afiqeen, when they meet/confront the true believers. And their second face is depicted in this information: . The prepositional phrase relating to the preceding verb: signifies that they went towards "their satanic minded bosses" as is further evident by their statement they made before them: "Certainly, We are affiliated with you people. We only contrive jesting with them, the believers." The further information associated with the first sentence in Ayah 2:76 gives new information  about the response to their explanation/excuse of associating with the Believers:

We further find the information that the clergy leadership they met in privacy taught them deceptive tactics to try revert their men to their fold who had joined the true believers:

The objective of aforementioned deceptive tactic was: : The pronouns refer to the target people of deceptive tactic. They were desperate to win back those of their folk whom they called "the fools" (2:13) while the believers were asking Muna'afiqeen to emulate them in belief. The targeted true believers were of same origin as were Muna'afiqeen, members of Jew community:


 

Narcissists are not stupid. They spin words and audience will be hanging on their every word. The Muna'afiqeen of those days upon visiting in privacy the elite of their parent community, the Jews tried to convince them of their continued affiliation and loyalty by stating:

"Certainly, We are affiliated with you people. We only contrive jesting with them, the believers." How clever they are can be seen in the choice of word: a Form-X Active Participle, مصدر اِسْتِهْزَاءٌ Verbal noun. Its Root is:  ھ  ز ء. Basic perception is that of joking, talk in a playful manner, to make fun of something or someone. In its irreducible semantic features emotion of hate, scorn-to feel or display contempt or disdain for somebody, to despise are not included. Had they used a word reflecting despise for the believers, their stance would have become doubtful because one does not like to associate with disdainful people.

: Allah the Exalted responding to their statement has used the verb from which is derived the active participle they employed. There is a rhetorical device termed "Antanaclasis" in which a similar word is repeated with different meanings or sense. Muna'afiqeen had stated that they were taking the believers non-seriously and associating with them just playfully. The extreme of taking someone non-seriously is to discard and condemn him. Muna'afiqeen who are declared as fools understand not that Allah the Exalted is by will and design ignoring them as discarded. They understand not the severity of condemnation but ask their selves about their unpleasant assertions:

: And He the Exalted lets them prolonging in their defiant brims, leaving them in state of blind distracted wandering. This information further confirms the sense in which the preceding verb is used to convey persistent condemnation, and not joking, mock as we see in almost all the available translations. Grand Qur'aan is self explanatory and facilitates cross-checking the accuracy of rendition of any sentence in target language text by rhetorical and cohesive device of repeating phrases and sentences:

 : This sentence is common in all the three Ayahs quoted above and in all three is circumstantial clause. They people are in such state by will and design, thereby, Allah the Exalted leaves-discards them to remain so.


 

A coherent paragraph has always a conclusion - a brief reflection or statement about the main idea. After giving concise and succinct information about the people introduced in the topic sentence, the verdict is given about them. This verdict shows that the "disease" in their hearts is not a natural health problem - their narcissism is a well thought volitional act with a predetermined objective as reflected by the choice of perfect Form-VIII verb: meaning they have purposely purchased.

Word repetition is a common feature in all languages, and serves different purposes, rhetorical, emphatic, or otherwise. But its use in the Grand Qur'aan is at its peak of excellence. It ties up the whole discourse compactly. The object of the verb is: the definite noun which is source of active participle: the second category of people who do not follow: as stated in 1:6-7.They are specifically identified by characteristic features of: Muna'fi'qeen: Imposter believersthe Narcissist in the society of believers of exalted last Messenger Muhammad Sal'lallaa'hoalaih'wa'salam. Thus the whole text up to this point is unified. For the non believers, the reiteration of a word as object noun: of preposition  بـِ  has unified the text with the initial sentence with: in Ayah 2:2.

The first sentence is repeated for another type of people:

 

: This sentence begins with a conjunction particle "فَ Fa", firstly it occurred in 2:10. It conjuncts clauses, semantically signifies cause and effect relationship and shows that later is immediately subsequent to the former in time. The preceding clause showing their act was for reason of their double-faced attitude for enjoying sympathy and favour of both parties; but instead even lost confidence of their original party.

For this reason their "Instant Commerce" did not yield benefit to them and this attitude retained them in a state of those who incline not to become guided aright.


: It is a nominal sentence.  

: Possessive Phrase: Noun: Definite; singular; masculine; nominative + Possessive Pronoun: Third person; masculine; plural; genitive state referent to people described earlier linking back to topic sentence-2:8; definite by construct is the Subject of the nominal sentence. It is from Root: م ث ل. Its basic perception stated by Ibn Faris [died 1005] is: يدلُّ على مناظرَة الشّيءِ للشيء that it leads to the perception of visual comparability and correspondence of a thing with another thing.

It is employed as figure of speech. In English it is described by the term: Simile. A Comparison or Simile, is, when the resemblance between two objects is expressed in form, and generally pursued more fully than the nature of a metaphor admits. The advantage of this figure arises from the illustration which the simile employed gives to the principal object. It help explain something or make it easier to understand. Therefore, comparisons ought to be founded on likenesses which are too obvious. Faint and remote resemblances will strain the mind of the reader to comprehend them, and throw no light upon the subject.

This Root is distinct from another Root:  ش ب ه and word: تَشْبِيهٌ that shares its aspect of comparison but in a different way and between between a thing and phenomenon or hidden aspect of another thing, or abstract idea. Its equivalent term in English is Metaphor.

The fact about existing realities is that not all are visible to human naked eye. The Primal Creator and also the knowledgeable-observant-scientists convey the knowledge about realities not apparent to human eye by using the metaphors. Descriptions by metaphors enable people perceive a general idea-image of invisible fact by relating it to characteristic features of the metaphor.

: Two successive Possessive Phrases, it is the predicate.

  : This verbal sentence-Verb-Subject-Object is the Linkage Clause and the hidden Subject pronoun is referent to the preceding Relative Pronoun. Verb is of Form-X. This form equals form VIII plus a causative affix. Semantically it adds connotation of seeking or aspiring for the meanings of its Form-I; sought to be done by the Object. It shows the doer of action has a sincere purpose. Its verbal noun pattern is: استفعال . George Sale and John Rodwell, the pioneer Christian translators, overlooked the radicals: اِسْتَ prefixed to the verb and converted it to its first Form for rendition in English. Such practice results not merely in loss of the original text but can distort the perception and even coherence element. All translators who followed them have rendered erroneous translation; I have yet to find one who did not copy them. 

    : This sentence begins with conjunction particle "فَ Fa", that signifies cause and effect, and achievement of the purpose intended in the preceding clause.   It is a subordinating conditional adverb that introduces a subordinate temporal clause which signifies the relationship between background and foreground information. : It is a verbal sentence, feminine verb-hidden feminine subject pronoun, and, object. The hidden feminine subject pronoun is referent to preceding object noun of previous verb. This is the first feminine verb we have encountered. Its last radical: تْ with pause sign is feminine marker not subject pronoun. The object is Relative pronoun and: is about its elided linkage clause. It is a Possessive Phrase, first noun is Adverb of place signifying surroundings; and the Possessive Pronoun: Third person; singular; masculine; genitive state; is referent to the person who kindled fire.

: It is the apodosis clause for the preceding conditional adverb and is a verbal sentence. The verb is rendered transitive by using the preposition: بـِ in prepositional phrase coupled with possessive phrase: .  The object noun of preposition signifies the Visible Light and its construct third person plural masculine pronoun is referent to the people under discussion. Thus what was faded or taken away by Allah the Exalted is the Visible/White Light that reached them; it is further evident from the next clause:

   : And He the Exalted discarded them/Muna'fi'qeen as self engulfed in layers of darkness. The prepositional phrase relates to the elided second direct object of preceding verb, the first is the suffixed pronoun referent for the people under description. The verb is doubly transitive that takes an indirect object and a direct object. In view of preposition and substantive plural noun denoted "within layers of darkness - located at a point surrounded by darkness all around", the elided object is estimated as "as self engulfed in the layers of darkness".

  : This is circumstantial clause referent to the first object pronoun of preceding verb; this is the circumstance they are in; they are in mindset of observing and perceiving not.

: These are three predicates of the elided subject of the sentence - third person masculine plural noun for the economy since it is understood from the preceding sentences.


Appositive/Coordinating Conjunction Particle: [التخيير alternative options:]   

It is a Possessive Phrase: كَ Prefixed Exemplifying Noun. The Possessive Noun is Hyperbolic/Intensive participle. It is singular, masculine, denoting a single entity. Hyperbolic/Intensive participle signifies the one that enacts the base meaning of its Verbal Noun exaggeratedly/excessively/intensively. Its Root " ص و ب" denotes the overtaking-descending of a thing that holds firmly and durably the ground-overtaken thing. Thus, it describes Supercell thunderstorm that can persist for many hours.

: This prepositional phrase relates to the elided adjective for the preceding indefinite noun. The inner self of this Hyperbolic/ Intensive active participle- صَيِّبٍ  is portrayed by an inverted nominal sentence:

Supercell thunderstorm-In-Cloud Lightening

Would you believe if I say that the early 7th century Arabs of desert Hijaz were aware of activities and phenomenon taking place within a single thunderhead like the sort of excited and charged movements all over, and about in-cloud luminosity? You will certainly ask for the evidence. Honestly speaking, I do not have any authority or evidence in its support. But, the most famous book of the world reaching to me from them, i.e. Grand Qur'aan did say this to desert Arabs. Therefore, you have either to accept my unsubstantiated statement or you will have to believe that this Book was not authored by an Arab living in 7th century AD in the city of Mecca, but is a Divine Revelation.

It is the Prepositional Phrase, and the singular masculine pronoun refers back to صَيِّبٍ Hyperbolic/Intensive participle. This phrase relates to the elided fronted Predicate of the nominal sentence, and the preposition indicates that the aforesaid three things are the inner self of the Intensive Active Participle-state and the activities going on within it since the verbal nouns signify only activity and state.

It is the delayed Subject of the Nominal Sentence, and is Plural feminine. It denotes layers of darkness. The following two Verbal Nouns are in opposition to it. Had these not been Verbal Nouns, for apposition plural nouns were needed in nominative case.  It is a verbal noun signifying an activity wherein is excitement, and the whole thing is in excited and charged state. This is the perception infolded in the Root as was portrayed by learned Ibne Faris [died-1005] in these words:

 يدلُّ على حركةٍ واضطرابٍ. وكلُّ شيءٍ اضطربَ 

That it leads to the perception of movement, and agitating excitement and the whole thing is in commotion-charged stat

: It is also a verbal noun signifying firstly the luminosity and gleam of a thing; and secondly, congregation/joining of "blacks" and "whites" in a thing. Learned Ibne Faris [died 1005] words: لمعانُ الشيء؛ والآخر اجتماع السَّوادِ والبياضِ في الشيءi

It may be noted that the Verbal Noun: is prior to and to it links as apposition the Verbal Noun: . Both are  within the صَيِّبٍ Hyperbolic/Intensive participle. Therefore, for this reason and grammatical structuring being in apposition to a plural noun, these two verbal nouns cannot and should not be taken as Object Nouns with the meanings as "thunder" and "lightening". They signify only the verbal meanings as mentioned above. Within the severe/super thunderstorm, the sequence is first: and then .

The excited and charged state and luminous and gleaming activity is happening within this: صَيِّبٍ. Did Arabs of 7th century, or even today does the majority of people the world over know about "In-Cloud Lightening"? Majority, in time and space, only knows about Cloud-to-Ground Lightening followed by listening sound of thunder as one sharp crack.  

The Meteorologists can better adjudge whether or not  is like this?

 

This simile is for the Mun'afi'qeen. One avoids the Truth-Message either by remaining deaf, dumb and blind or for reason of considering it as threat to his interests. Mun'afi'qeen consider and react to the Message as some people react when suddenly faced with a violent thunderhead.

: They insert their fingers in their Ears on hearing stunning thunder-clap wary of the death.

 : It is a possessive phrase and is Causative Adverb, in Arabic:المفعول لأجله, also termed   .المفعول له The Causative Adverb suggests the reason/purpose for which an action came to be. Verbal nouns [مصدر], mostly indefinite, and in Possessive phrase as is the case here, has the capacity to act as Causative Adverb. It is typical trait of Mun'afi'qeen:

They are the people who fear the sound of thunder, a phobia called Brontophobia, also known Astraphobia. In an effort to avoid listening the sound of the thunder, when in the open, they cover their ears.

: Know it; Allah the Exalted is all-encompassing those who are deniers - non-believing. It is nominal sentence.


  It is a Deficient Verb: Imperfect; third person; singular; masculine; Indicative Mood evident by  ـُ  vowel sign;  كَوْدٌ Verbal noun.

: It is the subject noun ( اسم يَكادُ) of the preceding deficient verb.

  : It is a verbal sentence and is termed the predicate of deficient verb in accusative state. The hidden subject pronoun of verb is referent to the preceding definite noun. The verb does not denote, as has commonly been rendered in English translation, "snatching" because it is odd to pair it with the sight. Lightening does not snatch sight; it causes ophthalmic effects, usually corneal injury, other eye injuries include retinal bleeding and retinal detachment. Corneal injury is a wound to the part of the eye known as the cornea. The cornea is the crystal clear (transparent) tissue that covers the front of the eye. It works with the lens of the eye to focus images on the retina. It results in blurred vision. 

The Root of verb: is: خ ط ف, used seven times. Its meanings were described by Ibn Faris [died-1005] as: استلابٌ في خفّة—depriving someone of something suddenly and quickly. Other Classical lexicons and Lane's lexicon say that it is said of an arrow that falls upon ground and then glides along upon the ground to the object of aim. Arrow pricks the object not snatches any part of object, like the lightening that damages the sight. Quickness in pace or going, element of suddenness is there in it. They further refer to a certain bird of a desert and is said to be thus called because of the swiftness with which it pounces down, a bird that sees its shadow and thinks it to be prey upon which it advances.

The accuracy of aforesaid understanding is immediately confirmed in the sentence:: However, had Allah the Exalted so decided, He would have taken away their acoustic and optical facultyfaculty of hearing and observation.

Its effect on the victim will be becoming deaf and blind deaf.

: The hidden subject of both the verbs in this sentence is referent to the Lightening. The lightening has two immediate effects, illumination for the eyes and then sudden feel of darkness.

: It is a nominal sentence. The paragraph is closed by mentioning the dominance of Allah the Exalted to persuade people to remember there is always the possibility of aforementioned happening since He is the Causality Determiner upon every matter to set things in right proportion.


Recurrences and grammatical notes about the elements:

Recurrence: (1)2:09(2)2:165(3)2:204(4)2:207(5)22:03(6)22:08(7)22:11(8)22:75(9)29:10(10)31:06(11)31:20(12)35:28=12

Recurrence: (1)2:09(2)2:142(3)2:165(4)2:204(5)2:207(6)3:21(7)3:112(8)4:108(9)5:49(10)5:67(11)8:48(12)10:92(13)14:36(14)14:37(15)22:03(16)22:08(17)22:11(18)22:18(19)22:75(20)28:23(21)29:10(22)30:08(23)31:06(24)31:20(25)35:28=25

   Recurrence: (1)2:08(2)2:136(3)3:52(4)3:84(5)5:59(6)24:47(7)29:10(8)40:84=8

Recurrences of elements of Ayah 2:09:

: Complete verbal sentence: Recurrence: (1)2:09(2)4:142=2

Recurrence:(1)2:09(2)2:82(3)2:214(4)2:249(5)3:68(6)4:57(7)4:122(8)4:152(9)5:55(10)5:56(11)7:42(12)7:88(13)8:72(14)8:74(15)8:75 (15)9:88(16)10:103(17)11:23(18)11:58(19)11:66(20)11:94(21)29:07(22)29:09(23)29:52(24)29:58(25)35:07(26)40:51(27)40:58(28)42:18 (29)42:22 (30)47:02(31)52:21(32)57:19=32

: Recurrence: (1)2:09(2)3:69(3)6:26(4)6:123(5)16:21(6)27:65=6

: Recurrence: (1)2:10(2)5:52(3)9:125(4)22:53(5)33:12(6)33:60(7)47:20(8)74:31=8  slightly different  (1) 8:49(2)24:50=2

Recurrence:(1)2:10(2)2:174(3)3:77(4)3:177(5)3:188(6)5:36(7)9:79(8)16:63(9)16:104(10)16:117(11)59:15(12)64:05=12 Read with 33:09;76:31

: Recurrence:(1)2:10(2)9:77=2

: (1)2:11(2)2:13(3)2:91(4)4:61(5)5:104(6)36:47(7)63:05=7

: (1)2:11(2)7:56(3)7:85=3

[Recurrence:(1)2:14(2)2:76=2]

: (1)2:15(2)6:110(3)7:186(4)10:11(5)23:75=5

: (1)2:16(2)2:86(3)2:175(4)2:177(5)3:22(6)4:52(7)4:63(8)5:41(9)6:70(10)6:89(11)6:90(12)11:16(13)11:21(14)13:05(15)16:108(16)17:57(17)18:105(18)19:58(19)24:62(20)27:05(21)39:18(22)46:16(23)46:18(24)47:16(25)47:23(26)49:03=26

(1)2:16(2)2:175=2

(1)2:16(2)6:140(3)10:45=3

(1)2:17(2)2:171=2

(1)2:20(2)2:109(3)2:148(4)3:165(5)16:77(6)24:45(7)29:20(8)35:01=8

Grammatical notes:

: نَاهية جَازمة Prohibitive Particle. When it comes before second person conjugations of imperfect verbs it denotes a negative/ prohibitive/forbidding command. Its identification and distinction from other uses/functions is evident by its having acted as a Jussive Particle by rendering the following verb in Jussive Mood.

:Compounded of Verb like Particle + Preventative Particle-    ما الكافة It/ is so called since it hinders the regimen/governance of and its sisters.

Separable Preposition. In its original construction this preposition is as we saw it earlier in 2:05. Here a vowel  reflected by diacritic  ـَ has been placed on the last consonant. The reason is that the Primary Syllables of Arabic language are (1)Consonant + Vowel [CV], (2) Consonant + Vowel + Vowel [CVV], and (3) Consonant + Vowel + Consonant [CVC]. If across the boundary of two successive words two non vowel consonants [i.e. both are ساكن] appear/gather together it is termed as اجتماع الساكنين . In such cases a vowel [ـِ] is added to the last consonant of first letter; except that Masculine plural pronouns are given  ـُ  and Preposition , is afforded a  ـَ and thus it becomes ,. [This issue relates to Arabic Phonology having repercussions in Morphology. There are set of rules designed to alleviate the difficulty in pronunciation caused by successive stop/pause in the same syllable, since pronouncing two successive non-moving/ساكن consonants is difficult. We will consciously repeat it three/four/ times whereby, Allah willing, it will get inscribed in our memory.]

 

1

Recommencing/Conjunction particle.                                                                       اِستئنافية

68

2

Separable Preposition with added vowel-sign.                                                        حرف جر

In its original construction this preposition is or as we saw it earlier in 2:04. Here a vowel  reflected by diacritic  ـَ has been placed on the last consonant. The reason is that the Primary Syllables of Arabic language are (1)Consonant + Vowel [CV], (2) Consonant + Vowel + Vowel [CVV], and (3) Consonant + Vowel + Consonant [CVC]. If across the boundary of two successive words two non vowel consonants [i.e. both are ساكن] appear/gather together it is termed as اجتماع الساكنين , as is the case here that after the next word also begins with a non vowel consonant 'ن". In such cases a vowel  ـِ  is added to the last consonant of first letter; except that Masculine plural pronouns are given  ـُ  and Preposition is afforded a  ـَ and thus it becomes . [This issue relates to Arabic Phonology having repercussions in Morphology. There are set of rules designed to alleviate the difficulty in pronunciation caused by successive stop/pause in the same syllable, since pronouncing two successive non-moving/ساكن consonants is difficult. We will consciously repeat it three/four/ times whereby, Allah willing, it will get inscribed in our memory.]

متعلقان بمحذوف خبر مقدم

3

  Noun: Definite ; Plural; Masculine; genitive.                                       اسم مجرور-معرفہ باللام- جمع  مذكر

 

4

Relative Pronoun [also Interrogative] It is a "built" [مبني] word and it assumes a sole form for all cases, numbers, and genders. [In case of اجتماع الساكنين , it will be -First syllable مَ CV and second syllable CV ن ِ +C of next word]                                                                    الاسم الموصول

في محل رفع مبتدأ مؤخر

5

Verb: Transitive; Imperfect; Third person; singular; Mood Indicative [Form-I] + Subject Pronoun Hidden; مصدر قولٌ /نَصَرَ-يَنصُرُ Verbal Noun. 

                                                                   فعل مضارع مرفوع بالضمة-متعدي-الفاعل:ضمير مستتر جوازاً تقديره:هُوَ-واحد مذكر غائب

الجملة صلة الموصول

6

Verb: Perfect; First person; Plural; [Form-IV]; Subject Pronoun: First Person; Plural. مصدر-اِيمانٌ Verbal Noun-

                                         فعل ماضٍ مبنى على السكون لاتصاله بضمير المتكلمين/نَا-ضمير متصل فى محل رفع فاعل/جمع متكلم/باب افعال

جملة  مقول القول في محل نصب مفعول به

7

Prepositional Phrase:  بـِ Inseparable preposition + Allah, Proper Noun: Genitive.                                                                جار و مجرور = بِ حرف جر + لفظ الجلالة مجرور للتعظيم و علامة الجر الكسرة

متعلقان بالفعل آمنا

8

Appositive/Conjunction particle.                                                                             [حرف عطف]

 

9

Prepositional Phrase:  بـِ Inseparable preposition  + Noun: Definite; Singular; Masculine; Genitive. (1)2:08(2)4:38(3)9:29=3                                         جار و مجرور = بِ حرف جر + اسم مجرور-معرفہ باللام-واحد-مذكر

معطوف

10

Noun: Definite; Singular; Masculine; Genitive.                                     اسم مجرور-معرفہ باللام-واحد-مذكر

صفة اليوم

11

Circumstantial/Conjunction particle                                                                                 [حالية]

 

12

: Negation Particle.  This is called "The one that Resembles  "ليس"  When it enters upon a nominal sentence it leaves the subject of the sentence nominative and renders the predicate accusative. The accusative predicate can be used as a clue to determine that it is this . If the predicate is a single word or a short phrase, an extra بِ comes before it in order to emphasize the negation, as is the case in this sentence. Next occurrence [2:74]                                                                                حرف نفي/ المشبهة بـ"ليس

تعمل عمل ليس

13

Detached Personal Pronoun: Third person; plural; masculine. [When the following word begins either with "ب" or "م", last consonant will be without "Jezm"]            ضمير منفصل مبني جمع مذكر غائب

ضمير منفصل مبني على السكون في محل رفع اسمها

14

Prepositional Phrase:  بـِ Inseparable preposition for emphasis, certainly + Active Participle ; Indefinite; masculine; plural; genitive state; [Form-IV]. (1)2:08(2)7:132(3)10:78(4)11:53(5)12:103(6)23:38=6                  جار و مجرور = بِ حرف جر + اسم فاعل-معرفہ باللام- حالت مجرور-جمع مذكر سالم/باب افعال 

81 اسم مجرور لفظا منصوب محلا خبر ما

1

Verb: Imperfect; Third person; masculine; plural ; Mood: Indicative; [Form III];  [و]  Subject Pronoun, in nominative state; مصدر مُخَادَعَةٌ Verbal Noun. (1)2:09(2)4:142=2

                                                                 فعل مضارع مرفوع بثبوت النون/و- ضمير متصل في محل رفع فاعل-جمع مذكر غائب/باب فَاْعَلَ

82

2

Proper Name; singular; masculine; Genitive. Recurrence: 591           [لفظ الجلالة منصوب للتعظيم بالفتحة]

مفعول به

3

Appositive/Conjunction particle.                                                                               [حرف عطف]

 

4

Relative Pronoun; Plural; masculine. Recurrence: 974                           الاسم الموصول-جمع-مذكر

معطوف على اللّه

5

 Verb: Perfect; Third person; plural; masculine; active; [Form IV];  [و] Subject Pronoun, in nominative state:  مصدر-اِيمانٌ Verbal Noun-

                       فعل ماضٍ مبنى على الضم لاتصاله بواو الجماعة/و- ضمير متصل في محل رفع فاعل-والألف-فارقة/جمع مذكر غائب/باب افعال

الجملة صلة موصول

6

Conjunction for parenthetic.                                                                                           الاعتراضية

 

7

: Negation Particle.                                                                                                     حرف نفي

 

8

Verb: Imperfect; Third person; masculine; plural; Mood Indicative evident by "نَ"; [Form I]; [و] Subject Pronoun, in nominative state; مصدرخَدْعٌٌ -فَتَحَ-يَفْتَحَ Verbal Noun (1)2:09=1

                                                                                فعل مضارع مرفوع بثبوت النون/و- ضمير متصل في محل رفع فاعل-جمع مذكر غائب

 

9

Restriction/Confining Particle with prolongation sign.                                                   [أداة حصر]

 

10

Possessive Phrase: Noun: Definite; Plural; feminine; Accusative + Attached Possessive Pronoun: Third person; masculine; plural; genitive state.

                                                           الإِضَافَةُ-اسم منصوب- جمع  مؤنث/مضاف + ضمير متصل-جمع مذكر غائب في محل جر-مضاف إليه

مفعول به

11

 Circumstantial/Conjunction particle                                                                          [حرف عطف]

 

12

: Negation Particle.                                                                                                   حرف نفي

 

13

 Verb: Imperfect; Third person; plural; masculine; Mood: Indicative evident by "نَ"; and [و] Subject Pronoun: Third Person; plural; masculine; nominative; مصدر شَعُورٌ-نَصَرَ-يَنْصُرُ  Verbal Noun.                                                                فعل مضارع مرفوع بثبوت النون/و- ضمير متصل في محل رفع فاعل-جمع مذكر غائب

94

1

Separable Preposition.                                                                                              حرف جر

95 /شبه الجملة متعلقان بالخبر

2

Possessive Phrase. Noun: Definite; Plural; Masculine; Genitive + Suffixed Pronoun: Third Person; Plural; Masculine, genitive state..

                                                          الإِضَافَةُ-اسم مجرور- جمع مذكر/مضاف + ضمير متصل-واحد مذكر غائب في محل جر-مضاف إليه

 

3

 Verbal Noun/Noun:  Indefinite;  Nominative.                                                   اسم مصدر/مصدر/مرفوع  

مبتدأ مؤخر

4

   Prefixed conjunction فَ which shows cause and effect + Verb: Perfect; third person; singular; masculine; Suffixed fronted Object Pronoun,  Definite; third person; plural; Masculine; accusative state; Vowel sign  ـُ  is added for reason اجتماع الساكنين of cluster of two vowel-less consonants; مصدر-زِيَادَةٌ Verbal noun.. (1)2:10=1        

                                  حرف فَ + فعل ماضٍ مبني على الفتح/واحد مذكر غائب/ضمير متصل في محل نصب مفعول به مقدم/جمع  مذكر غائب

 

5

Allah: Proper Noun: Nominative. Recurrence: 973                          لفظ الجلالة مرفوع للتعظيم بالضمة  

 

6

Verbal Noun/Noun: Indefinite; Singular; Masculine; Accusative. (1)2:10=1 اسم مصدر/مصدر/منصوب  

 

7

Recommencing/Conjunction particle.                                                                            [اِستئنافية]

 

8

لَ Prefixed Preposition + Personal Pronoun: Third Person; Masculine; Plural, genitive state.                                                            جار و مجرور = لَ حرف جر+ ضمير متصل في محل جر-جمع مذكر غائب

 

9

 Noun: Indefinite; Singular; Masculine; Nominative.                                          اسم -مرفوع- واحد-مذکر

 

10

Adjective resembling participle on  فَعِيْلٌ  measure: Indefinite; Singular; Masculine; Nominative. (1)2:10(2)6:70(3)10:04=3                                                              الصفة المشبهة-مرفوع-واحد مذكر

 

11

Prepositional Phrase:  بـِ Inseparable preposition + Relative pronoun.  

                                                                              جار و مجرور = بِ حرف جر  + الاسم الموصول في محل جر-واحد-مذكر

متعلقان بأليم

12

Deficient Verb: Perfect; third person; plural; masculine; +و Attached Pronoun in nominative state; Noun of .

                     فعل ماضٍ ناقص مبنى على الضم لاتصاله بواو الجماعة/و- ضمير متصل في محل رفع اسم كان-والألف-فارقة/جمع مذكر غائب

صلة الموصول

13

Verb: Imperfect; third person; plural; masculine; Mood: Indicative evident by "نَ"; [Form-I]; [و]  Subject Pronoun, in nominative state; مصدر كِذْبٌ Verbal Noun. (1)2:10(2)9:77=2

                                                                           فعل مضارع مرفوع بثبوت النون/و- ضمير متصل في محل رفع فاعل-جمع مذكر غائب

107 الجملة في محل نصب خبر كانوا

1

Recommencing/Conjunction particle.                                                                         [اِستئنافية]    

108

2

Time Adverb.                                                                                                          ظرف زمان

 

3

  Verb:  Perfect; Third person; singular; masculine; Passive; [Form-I];  مصدر قولٌ Verbal Noun                                                                                                فعل ماضٍ مبني للمجهول-مبني على الفتح/صيغة:واحد مذكرغائب

جملة  في محل جر بالإضافة

4

لَ Prefixed Preposition + Personal Pronoun: Third Person; Masculine; Plural, genitive state.                                                              جار و مجرور = لَ حرف جر+ ضمير متصل في محل جر-جمع مذكر غائب

 

5

Prohibitive Particle rendering the verb in Jussive Mood.                                              نَاهية جَازمة

 

6

  Verb: Imperfect; second person; plural; masculine; Mood Jussive; [Form-IV]; [و ] Subject pronoun, in nominative state; مصدر اِفْسَادٌ Verbal Noun. (1)2:11(2)7:56(3)7:85(4)47:22=4

                       فعل مضارع مجزوم-علامة جزمه حذف النون/و- ضمير متصل في محل رفع فاعل-والألف-فارقة/جمع مذكر غائب/باب افعال

جملة لا تفسدوا في محل نصب مقول القول

7

Separable Preposition.                                                                                             حرف جر

متعلقان بالفعل تفسدوا

8

Noun: Definite; Feminine; singular; genitive.                                   اسم مجرور-معرفہ باللام-واحد-مؤنث

 

9

Verb: Perfect; Third person; plural; masculine; [و ] Subject pronoun, in nominative state, with prolongation sign indicating that the following word begins with consonant "ء, Hamza"; مصدر قولٌ Verbal Noun.   فعل ماضٍ مبنى على الضم لاتصاله بواو الجماعة/و- ضمير متصل في محل رفع فاعل-والألف-فارقة/جمع مذكر غائب

الجملة جواب شرط

10

Verb like Particle + . Preventative/Restriction/Limitation Particle-                   [كافة و مكفوفة]

 

11

Detached Personal pronoun: First person; plural.                                                  ضمير منفصل/جمع متكلم

في محل رفع مبتدأ

12

Active participle: Indefinite; Masculine; plural; nominative; [Form-IV]. (1)2:11(2)11:117=2                                                                                                                اسم فاعل- مرفوع-جمع مذكر سالم-مذکر/باب افعال

119 خبر

1

Initiation and interjection particle. It lends/affords particular emphasis to the context in general and functions as attention drawing particle and gentle and strong encouragement particle. It may precede either a nominal sentence or a verbal sentence.            حرف استفتاح وتنبيه والثاني: العرض والتحضيض

120

2

  Verb-Like Particle with suffixed  pronoun third person; plural; masculine, accusative state as Subject Noun.                 حرف مشبهة بالفعل + هُمْ ضمير متصل فى محل نصب اسم إِنَّ /جمع مذكر غائب

 

3

Personal Pronoun: Third Person; Masculine; Plural. Here a vowel [ضمة] reflected by diacritic ـُ has been placed on the last consonant for reason of cluster of two vowel-less consonants.[Recurrence:80; First occurrence: 2:05]                                     ضمير منفصل مبني جمع مذكر غائب فى محل رفع

 في محل رفع مبتدأ/الجملة الاسمية في محل رفع خبر إن

4

Active Participle; Definite; Plural; Masculine; Nominative; [Form-IV]. (1)2:12=1

                                                                                                                اسم فاعل-معرفہ باللام- مرفوع-جمع مذكر سالم-مذکر/باب افعال

خبر

5

Particle of state/circumstance;                                                                                           [حالية]

 

6

 Rectifying Particle.                                                                                                              حرف اِستدراك و عطف

الجملة معطوفة

7

Simple Negation Particle                                                                                                حرف نفي

 

8

 Verb: Imperfect; Third person; plural; masculine; Mood: Indicative evident by "نَ"; [Form-I];  Subject Pronoun: Third Person; plural; masculine; nominative; مصدر شَعُورٌ-نَصَرَ-يَنْصُرُ  Verbal Noun.                                                   فعل مضارع مرفوع بثبوت النون/و- ضمير متصل في محل رفع فاعل-جمع مذكر غائب

127

1

Recommencing/Conjunction particle.                                                                        [اِستئنافية]    

128

2

Time Adverb.                                                                                                         ظرف زمان

 

3

  Verb:  Perfect; Third person; singular; masculine; Passive; [Form-I];  مصدر قولٌ Verbal Noun [Recurrence:49; First occurrence: 2:11]           فعل ماضٍ مبني للمجهول-مبني على الفتح/صيغة:واحد مذكرغائب

 

4

لَ Prefixed Preposition + Personal Pronoun: Third Person; Masculine; Plural, genitive state.                                                             جار و مجرور = لَ حرف جر+ ضمير متصل في محل جر-جمع مذكر غائب  

 

5

  Verb: Imperative; Second person; plural; masculine; [Form IV]; [و] Subject Pronoun, nominative state; مصدر-اِيمانٌ Verbal Noun-                         فعل أمر مبنى على حذف النون لأنَّ مضارعه من الأفعال الخمسة

 و- ضمير متصل في محل رفع فاعل-والألف-فارقة/جمع مذكر حاضر/باب افعال

الجملة في محل نصب مقول القول

6

Possessive Phrase: Prefixed Exemplifying Noun "كَ" +  Particle: Gerundival with prolongation sign, genitive state.                       الإِضَافَةُ-اسم تشبيه بمعنى مثل/مضاف + ما مصدرية  في محل جر-مضاف إليه

ما المصدرية والفعل في تأويل مصدر في محل جر بالكاف

7

Verb: Perfect; Third person; singular; masculine; [Form IV]; مصدر-اِيمانٌ Verbal Noun                                                            فعل ماضٍ مبني على الفتح/الفاعل:ضمير مستتر جوازاً تقديره:هُوَ-واحد مذكرغائب/باب افعال

الجار والمجرور متعلقان بمحذوف صفة لمصدر محذوف واقع حالا أو مفعولا مطلقا

8

Noun: Definite ; Plural; Masculine; nominative.                            اسم مرفوع بالضمة-معرفہ باللام- جمع  مذكر 

فاعل

9

Verb: Perfect; Third person; plural; masculine; Subject pronoun, in nominative state, with prolongation sign indicating that the following word begins with consonant "ء, Hamza"; مصدر قولٌ Verbal Noun. [Recurrence:88; First occurrence: 2:11]  

                                  [فعل ماضٍ مبنى على الضم لاتصاله بواو الجماعة/و- ضمير متصل في محل رفع فاعل-والألف-فارقة/جمع مذكر غائب]

جواب شرط غير جازم

10

Prefixed interrogative particle + Verb: Imperfect; First person; plural; Mood: Indicative; Subject pronoun hidden; [Form IV]; مصدر-اِيمانٌ Verbal Noun (1)2:13(2)23:47(3)26:111=3                                                       همزة استفهام + فعل مضارع مرفوع بالضمة/الفاعل:ضمير مستتر:نَحْنُ /جمع متكلم/باب افعال

مقول القول

11

Possessive Phrase. Prefixed Exemplifying Noun "كَ" +   Particle: Gerundival with prolongation sign, genitive state.                       الإِضَافَةُ-اسم تشبيه بمعنى مثل/مضاف + ما مصدرية  في محل جر-مضاف إليه

 

12

Verb: Perfect; Third person; singular; masculine; [Form IV]; مصدر-اِيمانٌ Verbal Noun-(1)                                                                                                                         فعل ماضٍ مبني على الفتح/واحد مذكر غائب/باب افعال

 

13

Adjective resembling participle: Definite; masculine; plural; nominative. (1)2:13(2)2:13(3)2:142(4)7:155=4                                                                                                                          الصفة المشبهة-مرفوع-جمع  مذكر

فاعل

14

Initiation and interjection particle. It lends/affords particular emphasis to the context in general and functions as attention drawing particle, and gentle and strong encouragement particle. It may precede either a nominal sentence or a verbal sentence.              حرف استفتاح وتنبيه والثاني: العرض والتحضيض

 

15

  Verb-Like Particle with suffixed  pronoun third person; plural; masculine, accusative state as Subject Noun. [Recurrence:64; First occurrence: 2:12]

                                                                                      حرف مشبهة بالفعل + هُمْ ضمير متصل فى محل نصب اسم إِنَّ /جمع مذكر غائب

 

16

Personal Pronoun: Third Person; Masculine; Plural. In its original construction this noun is  Here a vowel [ضمة] reflected by diacritic ـُ has been placed on the last consonant for reason of cluster of two vowel-less consonants. [Recurrence:80; First occurrence: 2:05]

                                                                                                                               ضمير منفصل مبني جمع مذكر غائب فى محل رفع

 

17

Adjective resembling participle: Definite; masculine; plural; nominative. (1)2:13(2)2:13(3)2:142(4)7:155=4                                                                                                                                    الصفة المشبهة-مرفوع-جمع  مذكر

 

18

Conjunction/Extraneous particle.                                                                                 [زائدة]

 

19

 Rectifying Particle. [Recurrence:51; First occurrence: 2:12]                       حرف اِستدراك و عطف

 

20

Simple Negation Particle                                                                                               حرف نفي

 

21

Verb: Imperfect; Third Person; Plural; Masculine; Mood: Indicative evident by نَ [Form I]; [و] Subject Pronoun, nominative state; مصدر-عِلْمٌ Verbal Noun.  

                                                                            [فعل مضارع مرفوع بثبوت النون/و- ضمير متصل في محل رفع فاعل-جمع مذكر غائب]

148

1

Recommencing/Conjunction particle.                                                                         [اِستئنافية]    

149

2

Time Adverb.                                                                                                         ظرف زمان

 

3

Verb: Perfect; Third person; plural; masculine; [شَرِبَ يَشْرَبُ] [Form I] + [و] Subject Pronoun, nominative state;  مصدر-لِقَاءٌ Verbal noun.  (1)2:14(2)2:76=2    

                                                                                         فعل ماضٍ مبنى على الضم الظاهر على الياء المخذوفة لاتصاله بواو الجماعة

                                                                                                       و- ضمير متصل في محل رفع فاعل جمع مذكر غائب-والألف-فارقة

الجملة في محل جر بالإضافة

4

Relative Pronoun; Plural; masculine; Recurrence: 974                            الاسم الموصول-جمع-مذكر

مفعول به

5

 Verb: Perfect; Third person; plural; masculine; active; [Form IV]; Subject Pronoun, in nominative state:  مصدر-اِيمانٌ Verbal Noun- [Recurrence: 214-First occurrence in 2:09]

                      [فعل ماضٍ مبنى على الضم لاتصاله بواو الجماعة/و- ضمير متصل في محل رفع فاعل-والألف-فارقة/جمع مذكر غائب/باب افعال]

الجملة صلة الموصول

6

Verb: Perfect; Third person; plural; masculine; [و] Subject Pronoun; nominative state; with prolongation sign indicating that the following word begins with consonant "ء, Hamza"; مصدر قولٌ Verbal Noun.     [فعل ماضٍ مبنى على الضم لاتصاله بواو الجماعة/و- ضمير متصل في محل رفع فاعل-والألف-فارقة/جمع مذكر غائب]

جواب شرط غير جازم

7

Verb: Perfect; First person; Plural; [Form-IV]; Subject Pronoun نَا:  in nominative state; مصدر-اِيمانٌ Verbal Noun.[Recurrence:31; First occurrence: 2:08]    

                                         فعل ماضٍ مبنى على السكون لاتصاله بضمير المتكلمين/نَا-ضمير متصل فى محل رفع فاعل/جمع متكلم/باب افعال

الجملة الفعلية في محل نصب مقول القول

8

Appositive/Conjunction particle;                                                                             [حرف عطف]   

 

9

Time Adverb.                                                                                                          ظرف زمان

 

10

Verb: Perfect; Third person; plural; masculine; active; [و] Subject Pronoun: nominative state; مصدر خَلاَءٌ Verbal Noun.                        [ فعل ماضٍ /و- ضمير متصل في محل رفع فاعل-والألف-فارقة/جمع مذكر غائب]

الجملة في محل جر بالإضافة

11

 Separable Preposition.                                                                                          حرف جر

متعلقان بالفعل خلوا

12

Possessive Phrase: Noun: Definite; Masculine; plural; genitive + Possessive Pronoun: Third Person; plural; masculine; genitive. (1)2:14=1

                                                           الإِضَافَةُ-اسم مجرور- جمع  مذكر/مضاف + ضمير متصل-جمع مذكر غائب في محل جر-مضاف إليه

 

13

Verb: Perfect; Third person; plural; masculine; Subject pronoun, in nominative state, with prolongation sign indicating that the following word begins with consonant "ء, Hamza"; مصدر قولٌ Verbal Noun. [Recurrence:88; First occurrence: 2:11]  

                                  [فعل ماضٍ مبنى على الضم لاتصاله بواو الجماعة/و- ضمير متصل في محل رفع فاعل-والألف-فارقة/جمع مذكر غائب]

جواب شرط غير جازم

14

Verb Like Particle + نَا  Suffixed Pronoun First Person Plural, accusative state.

                                                                        حرف مشبهة بالفعل +  نَا ضمير متصل فى محل نصب اسم إِنَّ /جمع متكلم

جملة في محل نصب مقول القول

15

Possessive Phrase: Location Adverb + Suffixed Possessive pronoun: second person; masculine; plural.                                       الإِضَافَةُ-ظرف مكان/مضاف + ضمير متصل  في محل جر /جمع مذكر حاضر-مضاف إليه 

ظرف مكان متعلق بخبر محذوف

16

Verb like Particle + . Preventative/Restriction/Limitation Particle- [Recurrence:86; First occurrence: 2:11]                                                                                                                                          [كافة و مكفوفة]

 

17

Detached Personal pronoun: First person; plural. [Recurrence:70; First occurrence: 2:11]                                                                                                                                                                ضمير منفصل/جمع متكلم

في محل رفع مبتدأ

18

Active Participle: Masculine; Sound plural; nominative; [Form X] (1)2:14=1

                                                                                                                        اسم فاعل کا صیغہ -مرفوع-جمع سالم-مذکر-باب إستفعال

166 خبر

1

Allah: Proper Noun: Nominative. Recurrence: 973                          لفظ الجلالة مرفوع للتعظيم بالضمة  

167 مبتدأ

2

Verb: Imperfect; third person; singular; masculine; Mood: Indicative; [Form-X]; Subject pronoun hidden; مصدر اِسْتِهْزَاءٌ Verbal noun. (1)2:15=1

                                                               فعل مضارع مرفوع بالضمة-الفاعل:ضمير مستتر جوازاً تقديره:هُوَ-واحد مذكر غائب-باب  إستفعال

الجملة خبر

3

Prepositional Phrase:  بـِ Inseparable preposition + Personal Pronoun third person; plural;  masculine; genitive.                                                    جار و مجرور = بِ حرف جر+ ضمير متصل في محل جر-جمع مذكر غائب

متعلقان بيستهزئ

4

 Conjunction Particle                                                                                               [حرف عطف]

 

5

Verb: Imperfect; Third person; Singular; Masculine; Mood: Indicative; Subject pronoun hidden + Suffixed Object Pronoun: Third person; masculine; plural; accusative state; مصدر مَدٌٌّّ Verbal Noun. (1)2:15=1                                    فعل مضارع مرفوع بالضمة-الفاعل:ضمير مستتر جوازاً تقديره:هُوَ-واحد مذكر غائب

ضمير متصل مبنى على الضم في محل نصب مفعول به-جمع مذكر غائب   

 

6

Separable Preposition.                                                                                          حرف جر

متعلقان بالفعل يمدهم

7

Possessive Phrase: Verbal Noun: Definite; [singular; masculine]; genitive + Possessive Pronoun: Third person; masculine; plural. (1)2:15(2)6:110(3)7:186(4)10:11(5)23:75=5

                                                                         الإِضَافَةُ-مصدرمجرور/مضاف + ضمير متصل-جمع مذكر غائب في محل جر-مضاف إليه

 

8

Verb: Imperfect; third person; plural; masculine; Mood: Indicative evident by نَ [Form I]; [و] Subject Pronoun, nominative state. (1)2:15(2)6:110(3)7:186(4)10:11(5)15:72(6)23:75(7)27:04=7                                                               فعل مضارع مرفوع بثبوت النون/و- ضمير متصل في محل رفع فاعل/جمع مذكر غائب

174/الجملة في محل نصب حال من الضمير المنصوب في يمدهم

1

Demonstrative Pronoun [Indeclinable Noun]: : Plural; and  كَ is for the address. [Recurrence:158; First Occurrence in 2:05]                                                                                        اسم الإشارة :جمع  غائب   

175 في محل رفع مبتدأ

2

Relative Pronoun; Plural; masculine. Recurrence: 974                           الاسم الموصول-جمع-مذكر

في محل رفع خبر

3

Verb: Perfect; third person; plural; masculine; [Form-VIII]; [و] Subject Pronoun; nominative state, with ـُ added vowel sign; مصدر اِشْتَرَاءٌ Verbal noun. (1)2:16(2)2:86(3)2:175(4)3:177=4

          [فعل ماضٍ مبنى على الضم المقدرلاتصاله بواو الجماعة/و- ضمير متصل في محل رفع فاعل-والألف-فارقة/جمع مذكر غائب/باب  اِفْتَعَلَ]

الجملة صلة الموصول

4

Verbal Noun: Definite; accusative. (1)2:16(2)2:175(3)4:44=3                           مصدر معرفہ باللام منصوب

مفعول به

5

 Prepositional Phrase:  بـِ Inseparable preposition  +   Noun: Definite; singular; masculine; genitive.                                                               جار و مجرور = بِ حرف جر + اسم مجرور-معرفہ باللام-واحد-مذكر    

متعلقان بالفعل اشتروا

6

 Prefixed Conjunction فَ indicating cause and effect + Negative [النافية] Particle    حرف فَ + حرف نفى

 

7

Verb: Perfect; Third Person; Singular; feminine;  ت feminine marker;  مصدر-رَبْحٌ Verbal noun (1)2:16=1                                                                       فعل ماضٍ مبني على الفتح/ تَاء التانيث الساكنة/صيغة-واحد مؤنث غائب

معطوفة

8

Possessive Phrase: Verbal/Infinitive Noun: Definite; singular; feminine; nominative + Possessive Pronoun: third person; masculine; plural; genitive state. (1)2:16=1

                                                                          الإِضَافَةُ-مصدر مرفوع/مضاف + ضمير متصل-جمع مذكر غائب في محل جر-مضاف إليه

فاعل

9

 Particle of state/circumstance;                                                                                          [حالية]

 

10

Negative Particle.                                                                                                          [النافية]

 

11

Deficient Verb: Perfect; third person; plural; masculine; +و Attached Pronoun in nominative state; Noun of . Recurrence: 243 [Word Tag 00068: First occurrence: 2:10]

                         فعل ماضٍ ناقص مبنى على الضم لاتصاله بواو الجماعة/و- ضمير متصل في محل رفع اسم كان-والألف-فارقة/جمع مذكر غائب

 

12

Active Participle: Indefinite; Masculine; sound plural; accusative; [Form-VIII]. (1)2:16(2)6:140(3)10:45=3                                                                                            اسم فاعل کا صیغہ -منصوب -جمع سالم-مذکر-باب  اِفْتَعَلَ

186 خبر

1

Possessive Phrase: Noun: Definite; singular; masculine; nominative + Possessive Pronoun: Third person; masculine; plural; genitive; "The semblance/parable of them". (1)2:17(2)48:29(3)48:29=3

                                                            الإِضَافَةُ-اسم  مرفوع- واحد مذكر/مضاف + ضمير متصل-جمع مذكر غائب في محل جر-مضاف إليه

187 مبتدأ

2

Possessive Phrase: Exemplifying Noun "كَ" + Noun: Indefinite; singular; masculine; genitive. (1)2:17(2)2:171(3)2:261(4)2:264(5)2:265(6)3:59(7)3:117(8)7:176(9)29:41(10)57:20(11)59:15(12)59:16(13)62:05=13                                                                            الإِضَافَةُ-اسم تشبيه بمعنى مثل/مضاف + اسم مجرور-واحد-مذكر-مضاف إليه

خبر

3

Relative Pronoun: singular; masculine.                                                 الاسم الموصول-واحد-مذكر

في محل جر بالإضافة

4

 Verb: Perfect; Third person; singular; masculine; [Form-X]; [هُوَ] Subject pronoun hidden; مصدر-اِسْتِيْقَادٌ Verbal Noun (1)2:17=1

                                                                   فعل ماضٍ مبنى على الفتح/الفاعل:ضمير مستتر جوازاً تقديره:هُوَ-واحد مذكر غائب/باب  إستفعال

صلة الموصول

5

Noun: Indefinite; feminine; singular; accusative.                                                     اسم منصوب-واحد-مؤنث

مفعول به

6

Prefixed conjunction particle "فَ" reflecting cause and effect/consequence + =+ Prolongation sign,  for reason of following word beginning with "ء Hamza".  A subordinating conditional adverb that introduces a subordinate temporal clause which signifies the relationship between background and foreground information.

                                                                  حرف فَ + اسم شرط غير جازم مبنى على السكون فى محل نصب على الظرفية والزمانية

لما ظرف بمعنى حين

7

Verb: Perfect; third person; singular; feminine; [Form-IV]; [ هِىَ] Subject pronoun hidden-[she/that-fire]; مصدر-اِضَاءَةٌ Verbal Noun. (1)2:17=1

                                       فعل ماضٍ مبني على الفتح+ تَاء التانيث الساكنة/الفاعل:ضمير مستتر جوازاً تقديره:هِىَ-واحد مؤنث غائب/باب افعال

الفاعل  تقديره هي يعود إلى النار

8

Relative pronoun.                                                                                                الاسم الموصول

في محل نصب مفعول به

9

Possessive Phrase: Adverb of place-surroundings; masculine; accusative + Possessive Pronoun: Third person; singular; masculine; genitive state. (1)2:17(2)17:01(3)40:07=3

                                               الإِضَافَةُ-ظرف مكان  منصوب- واحد مذكر/مضاف + ضمير متصل-واحد مذكر غائب في محل جر-مضاف إليه

ظرف مكان متعلق بمحذوف صلة ما

10

Verb: Perfect; third person; singular; masculine; مصدر-ذَهَابٌ Verbal Noun. (1)2:17(2)11:10(3)11:74(4)33:19(5)75:33=5                                                                                       فعل ماضٍ مبني على الفتح/صيغة-واحد مذكرغائب

الجملة جواب شرط غير جازم لا محل لها

11

Allah: Proper Noun: Nominative. Recurrence: 973                          لفظ الجلالة مرفوع للتعظيم بالضمة  

فاعل

12

Prepositional Phrase + Possessive Phrase: بـِ Inseparable preposition + Noun: definite; singular; masculine; genitive + Possessive Pronoun: Third Person; plural; masculine; genitive state. (1)2:17=1 جار و مجرور + الإِضَافَةُ = بِ حرف جر + اسم مجرور-واحد مذكر/مضاف  + ضمير متصل-جمع مذكر غائب في محل جر-مضاف إليه 

متعلقان بالفعل

13

Appositive/Conjunction particle.                                                                          [حرف عطف]

 

14

Verb: Perfect; third person; singular; masculine;  Subject pronoun hidden + Object Pronoun: Third Person; masculine; plural; accusative state; مصدر-تَرْكٌ Verbal Noun. (1)2:17=1

    فعل ماضٍ مبني على الفتح/الفاعل:ضمير مستتر جوازاً تقديره:هُوَ-واحد مذكر غائب/ضمير متصل في محل نصب مفعول به/جمع مذكر غائب

الجملة معطوفة بالواو

15

Separable Preposition.                                                                                             حرف جر

متعلقان بمحذوف مفعول به ثان

16

Noun: Indefinite; plural; feminine; genitive. (1)2:17(2)39:06=2                       اسم: مجرور-جمع سالم-مؤنث

 

17

Simple Negation Particle.                                                                                             حرف نفي

 

18

Verb: Imperfect; Third person; plural; masculine; Mood: Indicative evident by "نَ"; [Form-IV]; [و] Subject Pronoun, Nominative state; مصدر-اِبْصَارٌ Verbal noun

                                                                 فعل مضارع مرفوع بثبوت النون/و- ضمير متصل في محل رفع فاعل-جمع مذكر غائب/باب افعال

204 الجملة في محل نصب حال

1

Adjective resembling participle: Indefinite; plural; masculine; nominative. (1)2:18(2)2:171=2 

                                                                                                                                                      الصفة المشبهة-مرفوع-جمع  مذكر  

205 خبر أول لمبتدأ محذوف تقديره هم صم.

2

Adjective resembling participle: Indefinite; plural; masculine; nominative. (1)2:18(2)2:171=2                                                                                                                                        الصفة المشبهة-مرفوع-جمع  مذكر

خبر ثان مرفوع

3

Adjective resembling participle: Indefinite; plural; masculine; nominative. (1)2:18(2)2:171=2                                                                                                                                        الصفة المشبهة-مرفوع-جمع  مذكر

خبر ثالث

4

Prefixed conjunction particle "فَ" reflecting cause and effect/consequence +   Personal Pronoun; third person; plural; masculine.                                                          حرف فَ + ضمير متصل-جمع مذكرغائب  

 

5

Negation particle.                                                                                                    حرف نفي

 

6

Verb: Imperfect; third person; plural; masculine; Mood: Indicative evident by نَ ;[Form I]; [و]  Subject Pronoun; nominative state; مصدر-رَجْعٌ و رَجُوعٌ-باب ضرب Verbal noun                                                                                  فعل مضارع مرفوع بثبوت النون/و- ضمير متصل في محل رفع فاعل/جمع مذكرغائب

210 الجملة خبر هم

1

Appositive/Coordinating Conjunction Particle: [التخيير alternative options:]                 حرف عطف للتخبير

211

2

Possessive Phrase: كَ Prefixed Exemplifying Noun + Hyperbolic Noun /Intensive participle on  فَعِيْلٌ  measure: Indefinite; singular; masculine; genitive. (1)2:19=1                                                                           الإِضَافَةُ-اسم تشبيه بمعنى مثل/مضاف +اسم المبالغة-مجرور-واحد مذكر-مضاف إليه

معطوفان على كمثل

3

Separable Preposition, with added vowel sign.                                                           حرف جر

متعلقان بصفة لصيب

4

Noun; Definite; Singular; Feminine; Genitive.                                     اسم: معرفہ باللام -مجرور-واحد-مؤنث

 

5

- فِي + هِ  Preposition + Suffixed pronoun: third person; masculine; singular, [Occurrences=128]                                        جار و مجرور =فِي حرف جر+ ضمير متصل في محل جر-واحد مذكر غائب

متعلقان بمحذوف خبر مقدم

6

Noun: Indefinite; plural; feminine; nominative. (1)2:19=1                           اسم: مرفوع-جمع سالم-مؤنث

مبتدأ مؤخر/الجملة في محل جر صفة ثانية لصيب

7

Appositive/Conjunction particle.                                                                                [حرف عطف]

 

8

Verbal Noun: indefinite; nominative. (1)2:19=1                                                                           مصدر مرفوع

معطوف

9

Appositive/Conjunction particle.                                                                                [حرف عطف]

 

10

Verbal Noun: indefinite; nominative. (1)2:19=1                                                                           مصدر مرفوع

معطوف

11

Verb: Imperfect; third person; plural; masculine; Mood: Indicative evident by نَ [Form I]; [و] Subject Pronoun; nominative state; مصدر جَعَلَ Verbal Noun. (1)2:19(2)15:96(3)16:56(4)16:57(5)16:62=5                                                                 فعل مضارع مرفوع بثبوت النون/و- ضمير متصل في محل رفع فاعل-جمع مذكر غائب

 

12

Possessive Phrase: Noun: definite; broken plural; feminine; accusative + Possessive Pronoun: Third person; plural; masculine; genitive. (1)2:19(2)71:07=2

                                               الإِضَافَةُ-اسم: منصوب-جمع مكسر-مؤنث/مضافضمير متصل-جمع  مذكر غائب في محل جر-مضاف إليه

مفعول به

13

Separable Preposition with prolongation sign.                                                               حرف جر

متعلقان بالفعل

14

Possessive Phrase: Noun: definite; plural; feminine; genitive + Possessive Pronoun: Third person; plural; masculine; genitive. (1)2:19=1

                                                             الإِضَافَةُ-اسم: مجرور- جمع مذكر/مضاف + ضمير متصل-جمع مذكر غائب في محل جر-مضاف إليه

 

15

Separable Preposition, with added vowel sign.                                                           حرف جر

متعلقان بيجعلون

16

Active participle: definite; broken plural; feminine; genitive. (1)2:19=1

                                                                                                                                           اسم فاعل:معرفہ باللام-مجرور-جمع  مؤنث

 

17

Verbal Noun: Definite [first noun of possessive phrase]; accusative. (1)2:19(2)2:243=2                                                                                                                                                             مصدر: منصوب

مفعول لأجله

18

Verbal Noun/Noun: definite; masculine; singular; genitive.  مصدر/اسم: معرفہ باللام-مجرور-واحد مذكر

مضاف إليه

19

Recommencing/Conjunction particle.                                                                            [اِستئنافية]

الجملة استئنافية لا محل لها

20

Allah: Proper Noun: Nominative. Recurrence: 973                         لفظ الجلالة مرفوع للتعظيم بالضمة

مبتدأ

21

Active Participle: indefinite; singular; masculine; nominative; [Form-IV]; مصدر-اِحَاطَةٌ Verbal noun. (1)2:19=1                                                                                     اسم فاعل کا صیغہ -مرفوع-واحد-مذکر-باب افعال

خبر

22

Prepositional phrase:  بـِ Inseparable preposition + Active participle: definite; sound plural; masculine; genitive. (1)2:19(2)9:49(3)29:54=3جار و مجرور = بِ حرف جر + اسم فاعل-معرفہ باللام- مجرور-جمع سالم مذكر

232 متعلقان بالخبر

1

Deficient Verb: Imperfect; third person; singular; masculine; Indicative Mood evident by  ـُ  vowel sign; مصدر كَوْدٌ Verbal noun.  (1)2:20(2)14:17(3)24:35(4)24:43(5)43:52(6)68:51=6

                                                                                                                              فعل مضارع ناقص مرفوع بالضمة/واحد مذكرغائب

233

2

Noun: definite; singular; masculine; nominative. (1)2:20=1                   اسم: معرفہ باللام- مرفوع-واحد مذكر

 اسم يَكادُ

3

Verb: Imperfect; third person; singular; masculine; Mood: Indicative evident by ُ  vowel sign; Subject pronoun [هُوَ] hidden;  مصدر-خَطْفْ Verbal noun.  (1)2:20=1           

                                                                                  فعل مضارع مرفوع بالضمة-الفاعل:ضمير مستتر جوازاً تقديره:هُوَ-واحد مذكر غائب

الفاعل هو يعود على البرق/الجملة في محل نصب خبر للفعل الناقص

4

Possessive Phrase. Noun: Definite; Plural; Masculine; Accusative + Possessive Pronoun: Third Person; Plural; Masculine; genitive state. (1)2:20(2)6:110(3)47:23=3

                                                           الإِضَافَةُ-اسم: منصوب- جمع مذكر/مضاف + ضمير متصل-جمع مذكر غائب في محل جر-مضاف إليه

مفعول به

5

Compound consisting of and [مصدرية] adverbial [الضَّرفيَّةُ], joining two verbal clauses in a time sequence. (1)2:20(2)5:64(3)22:22(4)32:20(5)67:08=5             ظرف زمان منصوب + مَا مصدرية زمانية

كل مفعول فيه ظرف زمان منصوب ما مصدرية

6

Verb: Perfect; third person; singular; masculine; [Form-IV]; [هُوَ] Subject pronoun hidden; مصدر-اِضَاءَةٌ Verbal Noun. (1)2:20=1 فعل ماضٍ مبني على الفتح/الفاعل:ضمير مستتر جوازاً تقديره:هُوَ-واحد مذكرغائب/باب افعال

صلة موصول

7

Prepositional phrase:  لَ  Prefixed preposition; + suffixed Personal Pronoun: Third person; masculine; plural; genitive state.                               جار و مجرور= لَ حرف جر+ ضمير متصل في محل جر-جمع مذكرغائب  

متعلقان بالفعل

8

Verb: Perfect; third person; plural; masculine; [و] Subject pronoun, in nominative state; مصدر-مَشْىٌ Verbal noun. (1)2:20=1                          فعل ماضٍ/و- ضمير متصل في محل رفع فاعل-والألف-فارقة/جمع مذكرغائب

جواب شرط غير جازم

9

- فِي +هِ  Preposition + Suffixed pronoun: third person; masculine; singular, genitive state. [Occurrences=128]                                        جار و مجرور =فِي حرف جر+ ضمير متصل في محل جر-واحد مذكر غائب

متعلقان بمشوا

10

Recommencing/Conjunction particle.                                                                            [اِستئنافية]

 

11

Time Adverb with prolongation sign.                                                                                                  ظرف زمان

 

12

Verb: Perfect; third person; singular; masculine; [Form-IV]; [هُوَ] Subject pronoun hidden; مصدر-اِظْلاَمٌ Verbal noun. (1)2:20=1

                                                                       فعل ماضٍ مبني على الفتح/الفاعل:ضمير مستتر جوازاً تقديره:هُوَ-واحد مذكرغائب/باب افعال

الجملة في محل جر بالإضافة/الفاعل ضمير مستتر يعود على البرق

13

Prepositional Phrase: Preposition with attached/suffixed object pronoun: third person; plural; masculine. [Recurrence: 142-First occurrence in 01:07]

                                                                          جار و مجرور = حرف جر+ ضمير متصل في محل جر-جمع مذكر غائب

متعلقان بأظلم

14

Verb: Perfect; third person; plural; masculine; [و] Subject pronoun, in nominative state; مصدر-قِيَامٌ Verbal Noun. (1)2:20(2)4:142(3)18:14=3

                                    فعل ماضٍ مبنى على الضم لاتصاله بواو الجماعة/و- ضمير متصل في محل رفع فاعل-والألف-فارقة/جمع مذكر غائب

جواب شرط غير جازم

15

Recommencing/Conjunction particle.                                                                            [اِستئنافية]   

 

16

Conditional particle, when used as such the response is always in perfect.      حرف شرط، غير جازم

 حرف امتناع لامتناع

17

Verb: Perfect; third person; singular; masculine; مصدر مَشِيئةٌ Verbal noun-سَمِعَ base.                                                                                                                                  فعل ماضٍ مبني على الفتح/صيغة-واحد مذكرغائب

 

18

Allah: Proper Noun: Nominative. Recurrence: 973                           لفظ الجلالة مرفوع للتعظيم بالضمة

فاعل

19

: لَ Prefixed Particle of Emphasis/for answer [الرابطة لجواب] + Verb: Perfect; third person; singular; masculine; [هُوَ] Subject pronoun hidden; مصدر-ذَهَابٌ Verbal Noun. (1)2:20=1

                                             حرف لَ/ [الرابطة لجواب] + فعل ماضٍ مبني على الفتح/الفاعل:ضمير مستتر جوازاً تقديره:هُوَ-واحد مذكرغائب

الفاعل هو يعود إلى اللّه

20

Prepositional + Possessive Phrase:   بـِ Inseparable preposition + Possessed/ Annexed Noun: Definite; Singular; Masculine; Genitive + Suffixed Possessive Pronoun: Third Person; Plural; Masculine; genitive state. (1)2:20=1

            جار و مجرور + الإِضَافَةُ = بِ حرف جر + اسم مجرور-واحد مذكر/مضاف  + ضمير متصل-جمع مذكر غائب في محل جر-مضاف إليه  

متعلقان بالفعل ذهب

21

Appositive/Conjunction particle.                                                                                [حرف عطف]

 

22

  Possessive Phrase. Noun: Definite; Plural; Masculine; Genitive + Possessive Pronoun: Third Person; Plural; Masculine; Genitive state.  (1)2:07(2)2:20(3)16:108(4)24:30 =4

                                                            الإِضَافَةُ-اسم مجرور- جمع  مذكر/مضاف + ضمير متصل-جمع مذكر غائب في محل جر-مضاف إليه

 معطوف

23

Verb-Like Particle.                                                        من الأحرف المشبهة بالفعل ينصب الاسم ويرفع الخبر، ويفيد التوكيد 

 

24

Proper Name; singular; masculine; Genitive. Recurrence: 591         [لفظ الجلالة منصوب للتعظيم بالفتحة]

 اسم إِنَّ

25

Separable Preposition.                                                                                          حرف جر

متعلقان  قدير

26

Noun: Singular, masculine; genitive;                                                                                 اسم:  مجرور-واحد مذكر

 

27

Noun: Indefinite; singular; masculine; genitive.                                                           اسم:  مجرور-واحد مذكر

 

28

Adjective Resembling participle on the measure of فَعِيْلٌ] Indefinite; singular; masculine; nominative. ق د ر Root:                                                                                                       الصفة المشبهة-مرفوع-واحد مذكر

260 خبر إِنَ

  Ayah 2:21-22