Contents: (1) Translation of ayahs; (2) Text type; (3) Concepttopic; (4) Coherence; (5) Ayah 2:47; (6)

 


2. : Ayah 2:47-48 comprising of 35 words has five sentences, two imperative and four informative-declarative. injunctive.


3. Concepttopic:

The address to the Posterity of Iesraa'eel continues, they are asked to be mindful of the Day of Resurrection and are given information about it.


4. Coherence:

The address to the Posterity of Iesraa'eel continues by repetition of the first sentence at the start of address in 2:40, which serves as a persuasive device.


The Ayah is a compound sentence. This Ayah is replicated in Ayah 2:122.

: It is the second independent clause of the compound sentence, conjunct to the preceding verb: "And you people recall that I"

: Verb: Perfect; First Person; Singular; Masculine; [Form II] + [التاء] Subject Pronoun in nominative state + Suffixed Object Pronoun: Second Person; plural; masculine, in accusative state; مصدر تَفْضِيْلٌ Verbal Noun. Its Root is: ف ض ل. That it leads to the perception of excessiveness, augmentation; and denotes in relative terms blessing and benefaction. Bestowing some blessing and benefaction renders the recipient distinct and preferred over others. In comparison, it signifies distinction, preference over another in favouring with something good and advantageous.

Form-II verbs are: Attributive-Estimative/Declarative: The derivative verb makes an attribution to object; to consider someone or something to be something. The equivalent of this First Person Perfect Verb in third person form is: He, Allah the Exalted has you people preferential treatment over others. Its specific nature and the time frame of this blessing is of exodus from Egypt:

It is thus clear that: and denotes the act of making their exodus safe and taking them out of the clutches of Pharaoh.


The criminals will be in panic and concerned only for selves on the Day of Resurrection

 

The day when the criminals will be in panic - worried only about their selves:

: This sentence is repeated in Ayah 2:123

:: It is a verbal injunctive sentence. The object of verb: is specified in the dependent clause:

   : This verbal sentence is the adjectival description of the object noun: .

: Recommendation - intercession by the criminal will not be accepted for anyone. Similarly it is inversely stated  in 2:223 that: : And nor recommendation - intercession will benefit a criminal.

: Moreover, nor a guilty person's monetary offer for redemption and remission shall be entertained. Similarly it is  stated  in 2:223 with a different verb that: : Moreover, nor a guilty person's offer of compensation-redemption fine shall be entertained-accepted.

: This sentence is also repeated in 2:123.


Recurrences:

[2:47 and 2:122 are Replica/Mirror ]

  : (1)2:40(2)2:47(3)2:122(4)5:72(5)20:80(6)61:06=6

[Recurrence: (1)2:40(2)2:47(3)2:122=3]

(1)2:47(2)2:122=2

: (1)2:48(2)2:123(3)2:281=3

:(1)2:48(2)2::86(3)2:123(4)21:39(5)44:41(6)52:46=6


إعرا ب القرآن Syntactic Analysis

1

Vocative Particle + Noun: Definite; plural; accusative.          حرف نداء + منادى:  اسم منصوب-جمع-مذكر

749

2

  Proper Noun: Diptote [Recurrence: 42; First occurrence: 2:40]                           اسم علم:مذكر-منصوب

 

3

Verb: Verb; Imperative; second person; masculine; plural; [و] Subject Pronoun: nominative state; مصدر-ذِكْرٌ Verbal noun. [Recurrence: 18; First occurrence: 2:40] 

                 فعل أمر مبنى على حذف النون لأنَّ مضارعه من الأفعال الخمسة/و:ضمير متصل في محل رفع فاعل-والألف-فارقة/جمع مذكرحاضر

 

4

Possessive Phrase: Noun: Definite; singular; feminine; accusative + Suffixed possessive pronoun: First Person; singular; in genitive state, added vowel for reason of cluster of two vowel-less consonants. (1)2:40(2)2:47(2)2:122=3

               الإِضَافَةُ-اسم: منصوب بالفتحة المقدرة على ما قبل ياء المتكلم-واحد مؤنث/مضاف + ضمير متصل-واحد متكلم في محل جر-مضاف إليه

 

5

Relative Pronoun: Singular; feminine + Prolongation sign.                                    اسم الموصول-واحد-مؤنث

 

6

Verb: Perfect; First Person; [Masculine]; Singular; [Form-IV]; [التاء] Subject Pronoun in nominative state; مصدر اِنْعَامٌ Verbal Noun. (1)2:40(2)2:47(2)2:122=3

                      فعل ماضٍ مبنى على السكون لاتصاله بضمير الرفع/التاء-ضمير متصل مبنى على الفتح في محل رفع فاعل واحد متكلم/باب افعال

 

7

  Prepositional Phrase: Separable preposition + Object pronoun: Second person; masculine; plural, in genitive state.                            جار و مجرور= حرف جر + ضمير متصل-جمع  مذكر حاضر في محل جر

 

8

Appositive/Conjunction particle.                                                                               [حرف عطف]

 

9

Verb-Like Particle + Suffixed pronoun: First person; Singular; accusative state being subject.                                           حرف المشبهة بالفعل ينصب الاسم ويرفع الخبر+ ضمير متصل مبني على الفتح  فى محل نصب اسم إِنَّ واحد متكلم

 

10

Verb: Perfect; First Person; Singular; Masculine; [Form II] + [التاء] Subject Pronoun in nominative state + Suffixed Object Pronoun: Second Person; plural; masculine, in accusative state;  مصدر تَفْضِيْلٌ Verbal Noun. (1)2:47(2)2:122=2

                               فعل ماضٍ مبنى على السكون لاتصاله بضمير الرفع المتحرك/التاء-ضمير متصل فى محل رفع فاعل واحد متكلم /باب تَفْعِيل

                                                                         ضمير متصل مبنى على الضم في محل نصب مفعول به/جمع مذكرحاضر

الجملة خبر أني

11

Separable Preposition.                                                                                              حرف جر

متعلقان بفضلتكم

12

Noun: Definite; Plural; masculine; accusative/genitive[Recurrence: 61; First occurrence: 01:02]                                                                                                                                   اسم معرفہ باللام-مجرور -جمع سالم-مذکر

 760

1

Appositive/Conjunction particle.                                                                               [حرف عطف]

761

2

 Verb; Imperative; second person; plural; [Form-VIII]; [و] Subject Pronoun, nominative state; مصدر-اِتِّقَاءٌ Verbal Noun.

                                          فعل أمر مبنى على حذف النون-الواو ضمير متصل فى محل رفع فاعل-والألف-فارقة/جمع مذكرحاضر/باب  اِفْتَعَلَ

 

3

Noun: Indefinite; Masculine; Singular; accusative.                                                اسم : منصوب--واحد مذكر

مفعول به

4

: Negation Particle.                                                                                                     حرف نفي

 

5

Verb: Imperfect; third person; singular; feminine; Mood: Indicative ; مصدر-جَزَاءٌ Verbal noun. (1)2:48(2)2:123(3)=2                                               فعل مضارع مرفوع بالضمة المقدرة على الياء لثقل/صيغة:واحد مؤنث غائب

الجملة في محل نصب صفة

6

Noun: Indefinite; feminine; Singular; nominative.                                                     اسم : مرفوع-واحد  مؤنث

فاعل

7

Separable preposition.                                                                                                                             حرف جر

متعلقان بتجزي

8

 Noun: Indefinite; feminine; Singular; genitive.                                                           اسم : مجرور-واحد  مؤنث

 

9

Noun: Indefinite; singular; masculine; accusative.                                                اسم : منصوب--واحد مذكر

 

مفعول به

10

Appositive/Conjunction particle.                                                                              [حرف عطف]

 

11

: Negation Particle.                                                                                                        حرف نفي

 

12

Verb: Passive; imperfect; third person; singular; masculine; Mood: Indicative; مصدر-قُبُوْلٌٌ  Verbal noun. (1)2:48(2)2:123=2                                               فعل مضارع مبنى للمجهول-مرفوع بالضمة/صيغة:واحد مذكرغائب

 

13

 Prepositional Phrase: Separable Preposition + Attached pronoun هَا: Third person; singular; feminine; in genitive state.             جار و مجرور= مِنْ حرف جر+ ضمير متصل في محل جر-واحد  مؤنث غائب

متعلقان بيقبل

14

Verbal Noun: Indefinite; nominative. (1)2:48(2)2:123(3)2:254=3                                        مصدر:مرفوع

نائب فاعل

15

Appositive/Conjunction particle.                                                                               [حرف عطف]

 

16

: Negation Particle.                                                                                                        حرف نفي

 

17

Verb: Imperfect; Third person; singular; masculine; Mood: Indicative; Passive;  مصدر-أخْذٌ Verbal noun. (1)2:48(2)57:15=2                                               فعل مضارع مبنى للمجهول-مرفوع بالضمة/صيغة:واحد مذكرغائب

 

18

 Prepositional Phrase: Separable Preposition + Attached pronoun هَا: Third person; singular; feminine; in genitive state.             جار و مجرور= مِنْ حرف جر+ ضمير متصل في محل جر-واحد  مؤنث غائب

 

19

Verbal Noun: Indefinite; nominative. (1)2:48(2)2:123=2                                                             مصدر:مرفوع

نائب فاعل

20

Recommencing/Conjunction particle.                                                                            [اِستئنافية] 

 

21

: Negation Particle.                                                                                                      حرف نفي

 

22

  Personal Pronoun ;third person; plural masculine; nominative.              ضمير منفصل مبني جمع مذكرغائب

ضمير منفصل مبتدأ

23

Verb: Passive; imperfect; third person; plural; masculine; Mood: Indicative; [و ] Proxy Subject/Ergative Pronoun, in nominative state; مصدر-نَصْرٌ Verbal noun.  

                                                 فعل مضارع مبنى للمجهول-مرفوع بثبوت النون/الواو ضمير متصل في محل رفع نائب فاعل-جمع مذكرغائب

783 الجملة في محل رفع خبر