Ayahs 2-23-24 comprising of 37 words is a single lengthy recommencing sentence that has few clauses which are in itself sentences but they cannot stand alone. It is a conditional sentence. It is a complex sentence comprising of a condition clause (protasis) and response clause (apodosis). Traditional grammarians classify conditional sentences in the English language into three types: real, hypothetical and unreal conditional. It has argumentative clauses that depart from the assumption that receiver's beliefs must be changed.


Concepttheme:

Ayahs relate to the argument and evidence of second segment of the thesis statement of Divine Discourse: مُّحَمَّدٌ رَّسُولُ اللَّهِ ۚ Muhammad [Sal'lallaa'hoalaih'wa'salam] is the Messenger - Spokesperson of Allah the Exalted.

The subject is about the Origin of the Book - Divine Revelation and the concept of inimitability of Grand Qur'aan being a Divine Discourse. All books other than the Divine Discourse are imitable.


Coherence:

Key words:

It is conjunct to the Ayahs 2:21-22 by course coordinator conjunction and the audience continues to be the humanity by the use of second person masculine plural pronoun. The key word ties it and links it back to the first sentence of Ayah 2 of the Chapter.


Recommencing particle It is a discourse coordinator, that signals the speaker's identification of an upcoming unit which is coordinate in structure to prior unit.

Conditional Particle; If, Subject to, provided that;

: Verb: Deficient Perfect; second person; plural; masculine + Suffixed subject Pronoun [اسم كَانَ]; nominative state referent to addressee the humanity; meaning "you have been". The plural pronoun is always also referent to each individual. This conditional sentence conjuncts to the preceding command sentence for such individuals who might be feeling reluctant to obey the command because of the possibility of obtaining this condition.

: This prepositional phrase relates to the elided predicate of preceding deficient perfect verb. One can plunge into duality of mind and perplexity or it can be caused by misleading publicity.

  : This clause relates to preceding verbal noun, that this perplexity is "regarding that which Our Majesty has gradually revealed upon Our Sincere Allegiant."

: It is a Possessive Phrase; first noun is also definite because of possessive pronoun, signifying "the Allegiant of Our Majesty". The first person mentioned by choice of words expressing personal affiliation is the exalted Messenger Muhammad Sal'lallaa'hoalaih'wa'salam. The Grand Qur'aan concatenates facts in perfect sequence and chronological order that covers physical and non-physical realms, temporal and pre-temporal eras. The word: "the Messenger of Our Majesty" is not the choice word here. In the timeframe of revelation, people who were already believers did know him and accepted the Grand Qur'aan as Divine Revelation:

The perplexity, that some one of the audience might be in, is not mentioned but is conspicuous from the apodosis clause that it is regarding the authorship of the Book:

: Thereby, the best course to get out of disconcerting duality of mind on this point is that you bring one Surat: Segment authored in semblance of a Segment of it: Qur'aan.

The humanity is the audience; Arabs and non-Arabs. Therefore, suggestion is not for trying authoring a:  a segment denoting: "an Enclave of superiority and elevation-Ascending Leap",  resembling one of Qur'aan. But the challenge is to bring it from anywhere including the Mother City Mecca and at any point in time.

A simple solution is suggested. If someone is perplexed that the Qur'aan is not a Divine Revelation but is authored by the exalted Messenger Muhammad Sal'lallaa'hoalaih'wa'salam: it should be easy to find a short text authored by another writer-linguist, not replica, but just resembling that of Qur'aan. Moreover, the tools of Arabic language are equally available to writers and linguists the world over.  Therefore, if some one is caught in a genuine confusion, or alleges that the Qur'aan is authored personally by the Exalted Messenger Muhammad صلى الله عليه وسلم   then he must be able to find some written material, having semblance in its contents with that of Qur'aan, drafted and authored by anyone in the whole of  the world. This suggests a simple solution argument to the one who may have genuinely been caught in confusion and duality of mind. Equally, it places a challenge to him who deceptively attributes it as personally perceived, compiled and authored by the elevated Messenger Muhammad صلى الله عليه وسلم .  then it should not be hard for him to find another work resembling it.

: "For the needful, you invite-get help of all your friends-helpers-lawyers available to you other than Allah the Exalted." This magnanimous offer further negates the possibility of their hypothesis being true.

: It is also a conditional clauses with elided apodosis clause since it is mentioned in the preceding sentences. "Try it, if you were truthful in expressing perplexity about source of Qur'aan."

The coherence in Grand Qur'aan is of par excellence. The flow of information is in such sequence that the listener/reader nowhere find an occasion and justification to break his silence and interrupt the speaker/text for seeking clarification. The flow of information about variety of thoughts and subjects is in such sequence and  linkages that the absorbed attention of listener/reader might not distract. The flow, coherence and linkages are so strong that, applying the principle of Arabic language; which permits that Subject [مبتدأ] of a Nominal Sentence may have many Predicates, one may say that whatever till end is there in the discourse after: is its predicate. This reflects sublime concatenation, consistence, contiguity and colligation in the Grand Qur'aan.

This Ayah conjuncts to the introduction of the Book in different perspective of its Divine Origin - intellectual property of the Book published by the Messenger:

.....................

The predicate of the first sentence by negation of the presence of all sorts of peeving substance in the contents of the Book, which renders the Discourse infinitely reliable, conspicuously suggests its origin as Divine. The par excellence coherence may be seen that by using repetition device the present conditional sentence conjuncts to the first sentence even after 294 words in between passed. The subject matter of this Ayah will again conjunct by repetition of key words and sentences with a far distant part of discourse:

 Note the repetition of sentence: of Ayah 2:23the commanding voice is of the Author of the Book; and the sentence is repeated by adding a command verb: addressing the exalted Messenger, the publisher of the Book to give the same command. The sentence: is repeated: with change of one word to restrict to individual's choice and access to linguists, writers, authors of books in Arabic language. And the last sentence: is also repeated.


Ayah is conjunct to the previous clause with cause and effect conjunction particle and is a conditional sentence. In between conditional clause and its its apodosis clause, the verbal sentence: is a parenthetical clause emphasizing that inimitability is a permanent feature of the Book. Parenthesis is a rhetorical device. In English the parentheses can be circumscribed either by dashes -- they are more dramatic and forceful -- or by parentheses. All rhetorical devices are primarily meant to create effect. This device creates effect of extemporaneity and immediacy. Parenthetical form also serves to give some statements a context which they might not have if they were to be written as complete sentences following another sentence. This sentence creates much stronger effect to persuade the reader realizing the fact and concentrate on the discourse instead of indulging in futile efforts.

Thereby humanity is directed to become mindful and cautious of the Heated Hell-Prison which is prepared as final abode for the Non-Believers of Grand Qur'aan:


The Ayah is conjunct to the previous one by discourse coordinator particle: [wāw]. And the discourse is interrupted by addressing directly to the exalted Messenger Sal'lallaa'hoalaih'wa'salam. It is another rhetorical device termed Apostrophe—literally, a turning away from one's strophe to address someone else. It interrupts the discussion on a subject or discourse and addresses directly another person or personified thing. The humanity is informed that the upshot for the non-believers is the scorching Hell-Prison who ascribe intellectual property of Grand Qur'aan to the elevated Messenger. To give another clue to them about erroneousness of such pretension of some, the address is turned towards the Messenger with a command verb. It shows how could he be the author of it when he himself is being directed to do a certain thing revealing his status and position as spokesperson.

What he is advised is to give glad tidings/stand guarantee to the believers is also a rhetorical device called "antithesis". This device establishes a clear, contrasting relationship between two ideas by joining or juxtaposing them in adjacent phrases, clauses or sentences. It is useful for making relatively fine distinctions or for clarifying differences which might be otherwise overlooked by a careless thinker or casual reader.

Since the physical world is in couplings-duals - male female - positive-negative, human beings are inveterate categorizers, so the mind has a natural love for antithesis which creates a definite and systematic relationship between ideas.

: It is Imperative verbal sentence with second person subject hidden pronoun is referent to the exalted Messenger Muhammad Sal'lallaa'hoalaih'wa'salam. The last consonant has added vowel sign to break اجتماع الساكنين cluster of two vowel-less consonants. Verb is of Form-II from مصدر-تَبْشِيرٌ Verbal noun. It stems from Root:ب ش ر. Ibn Faris [died-1005] stated:

ظهور الشّيء مع حُسْنٍ وجمال. فالبَشَرة ظاهِرُ جِلْد الإنسان، ومنه باشَرَ الرّجُلُ المرأة

That it signifies the emergence, manifestation, occurrence, happening of a thing with its face beauty and proportional body structure. It denotes the visible skin of the man; and from it is derived/interred husband-wife sexual intercourse.

The effect on observing: حُسْنٍ وجمال in an object/person is gladdening and the result is feel of joy. Similarly the husband-wife sexual intercourse resulting in orgasm gives feel of joy, tranquility, serenity [refer 30:21]; and more than usually vigorous and alive.

Thereby, in Form-II verbs it signifies giving gladdening news relating to the acquisition or expectation of something good that triggers the feel of joy.

The irreducible semantic features are rendered explicit at the very first place of its occurrence. Firstly, that the news is infallible fact, not a prophecy. It is very meaningful that the speech which the elevated Messenger is advised to convey is interrupted in the middle by an information giving sentence using passive perfect verbs giving living conditions and expression of the residents of the gardens. This emphasizes that the news the elevated Messenger is conveying is as authentic as if it has already happened. In English also we have the future perfect verbs to convey the certainty of happening in the future. And then the news continues: .

Secondly, the promised things are such that the recipient can perceive them in his imagination as delightful and exhilarating.

This verb signifies joyful news distinct from happiness which is a temporary affair with reference to time frame based on outward circumstances. It is specifically mentioned that this news is about a joy that has permanence with reference to time frame.

It is the first time that the concept of reward/award is introduced in the Divine Discourse which is: gardens. But as a critical reader we need to note the apostrophe and the verb: because if it was not there even then the remaining sentence was in perfect cohesion with the previous discourse as we find later in a similar situation this antitheses:

Linguists say that every rhetorical device has an effect and for catering speech to the audience – what is known as being exigent. It takes care of psychographics of audience. Grand Qur'aan is inimitable because it is the only living Book meant for those people who are truly living ones. It is not for literally and metaphorically dead people. Therefore, it is organized in such manner with choice of words, phrases, structuring of sentences and segments of text, flow of discourse, and par excellent use of rhetorical devices that renders not only the Divine Discourse living but also its reader as alive in time-space.

If we just reflect upon this segment which is directly addressing us, every member of the humanity, we will feel alive not only in the present times but also alive in the company of the people who were living in Mecca prior to its first time deliverance to them. Only such person can be assigned to deliver news about the remote future who is already acknowledged by the society as truthful and trustworthy.

Anyone who wish to feel as if he is present in the very moment, right between the lines, he must critically read taking notice of the time frame of audience in every sentence and segment of the Discourse.

In this sentence the prepositional phrase: ; in which the object pronoun includes each living individual of humanity, relates to the elided predicate of Verb-Like particle. The audience of the time frame 7th century knew the presence of the Messenger of Allah among them, and for us today the elided predicate will mean the same thing.


Recurrences:

: Recurrence: (1)2:21(2)2:168(3)4:01(4)4:170(5)4:174(6)7:158(7)10:23(8)10:57(9)10:104(10)10:108(11)22:01(12)22:05(13)22:49 (14)22:73 (15)27:16 (16)31:33(17)35:03(18)35:05(19)35:15(20)49:13=20

: (1)2:23(2)22:05=2

:(1)2:23(2)2:31(3)2:94(4)2:111(5)3:93(6)3:168(7)3:183(8)6:40(9)6:143(10)7:194(11)10:38(11)10:48(12)11:13(13)21:38 (14)27:64(15)27:71(16)28:49(17)32:28(18)34:29(19) 36:48(20)38:157(21)44:36(22)45:25(23)46:04(24)49:17(25)56:87(26)62:06(27)67:25=27

  :(1)2:23(2)2:107(3)3:64(4)4:119(5)4:173(6)9:31(7)9:116(8)10:38(9)11:13(10)11:20(11)11:113(12)29:22(13)29:25(14)33:17(15)34:22(16)42:31(17)42:46(18)71:25=18

: (1)2:24(2)66:06=2

: (1)2:24(2)3:131=2

: Recurrence: (1)2:25(2)2:82(3)2:277(4)3:57(5)4:57(5)4:122(6)4:173(7)5:09(8)5:93(9)7:42(10)10:04(11)10:09(12)11:23(13)13:29(14)14:23(15)18:30 (16)18:107(17)19:96(18)22:14(19)22:23(20)26:227(21)29:07(22)29:09(23)29:58(24)30:15(25)30:45(26)31:08(27)32:19(28)34:04(29)35:07(30)38:24(31)38:28(32)40:58(33)41:08(34)42:22(35)42:23(36) 42:26(37)45:30(38)47:02(39)47:12(40)48:29(41)65:11(42)84:25(43)85:11(44)95:06(45)98:07(46)103:03=46

: [ فى محل نصب صفة ] Adjectival description.  (1)2:25(2)2:266(3)3:15(4)3:136(5)3:195(6)3:198(7)4:13(8)4:57(9)4:122(10)5:12(11)5:85(12)5:119 (13)9:72(14)9:89(15)13:35(16)14:23 (17)16:31(18)20:76(19)22:14(20)22:23(21)25:10(22)29:58(23)39:20(24)47:12(25)48:05(26)48:17(27)57:12(29)58:22(29)61:12(30)64:09 (31)65:11(32)66:08(33)85:11 (34)98:08=34

:  (1)2:25(2)2:39(3)2:81(4)2:82(5)2:217(6)2:257(7)2:275(8)3:107(9)3:116(10)7:36(11)7:42(12)10:26(13)10:27(14)11:23(15)13:05(16)23:11(17)58:17=17


1

Recommencing/Conjunction particle.                                                                            [اِستئنافية]   

299

2

Conditional Particle.                                                                                                 [حَرْفُ شَرطٍ]

 

3

Verb: Perfect; second person; plural; masculine + Suffixed subject Pronoun [اسم كَانَ]; nominative state. فعل ماضٍ ناقص مبنى على السكون لاتصاله بضمير الرفع المتحرك/ ضمير متصل في محل رفع اسم كان/جمع مذكرحاضر

فعل الشرط

4

Separable Preposition.                                                                                             حرف جر

متعلقان بمحذوف خبر كان

5

Verbal Noun: Indefinite; genitive.  [رَابَ-يَرِيبُ Verb] (1)2:23(2)22:05=2                             مصدر:مجرور

 

6

Prepositional Phrase: Preposition + Relative pronoun with "ن" having been assimilated.                                                                                                                 جار و مجرور =  حرف جر + الاسم الموصول في محل جر

متعلقان بريب المصدر

7

Verb: Perfect; First person; Sovereign Singular [using plural pronoun]; Masculine; [Form II] + Subject pronoun نَا: First person; plural; nominative state; مصدر-تَنْزِيْلٌ Verbal noun. 

                                           فعل ماضٍ مبنى على السكون لاتصاله بضمير المتكلم/نَا-ضمير متصل فى محل رفع فاعل متكلم/باب تَفْعِيل

الجملة صلة الموصول

8

Separable Preposition.                                                                                        حرف جر

متعلقان بالفعل نزلنا وعائده محذوف تقديره نزلناه

9

  Possessive Phrase: Noun: Definite; singular; masculine; genitive + Possessive personal pronoun: Plural/Sovereign Singular, Masculine, genitive state. (1)2:23(2)8:41=2

                                                                الإِضَافَةُ-اسم: مجرور- واحد مذكر/مضاف + ضمير متصل  في محل جر/جمع متكلم -مضاف إليه

 

10

Prefixed conjunction فَ  which shows cause/reason-sequence and effect +  Verb: [intransitive] Imperative; second person; masculine; plural; [و] Subject pronoun, in nominative state; مصدر-اِتْيَانٌ Verbal noun; (1)2:23(2)2:223(3)3:93(4)10:38(5)11:13(6)21:61(7)28:49(8)37:157(9)44:36=9

                                             حرف فَ + فعل أمر مبنى على حذف النون /و- ضمير متصل في محل رفع فاعل-والألف-فارقة/جمع مذكرحاضر

الجملة في محل جزم جواب الشرط

11

  Prepositional Phrase: بـِ Inseparable preposition + Noun: Indefinite; Singular; feminine; Genitive. (1)2:23(2)10:38=2                                                                      جار و مجرور = بِ حرف جر + اسم مجرور-واحد-مؤنث

متعلقان بالفعل فأتوا

12

Separable Preposition.                                                                                               حرف جر

متعلقان بمحذوف صفة لسورة

13

Possessive Phrase: Noun: Definite; singular; masculine; genitive + Possessive Pronoun: Third person; masculine; singular; genitive state. (1)2:23(2)10:38(3)11:13(4)20:58(5)36:42=5

                                                            الإِضَافَةُ-اسم: مجرور-واحد مذكر/مضاف + ضمير متصل  في محل جر/واحد مذكرغائب-مضاف إليه

 

14

Appositive/Conjunction particle.                                                                               [حرف عطف]

 

15

Verb: Imperative; second person; masculine; plural; [و] Subject pronoun; مصدر دَعْوَةٌ Verbal noun.                                                  فعل أمر مبنى على حذف النون /و-ضمير متصل في محل رفع فاعل-والألف-فارقة/جمع مذكرحاضر

 

16

Possessive Phrase: Noun: Definite; masculine; plural; accusative + suffixed possessive pronoun: Second person; masculine; plural; in genitive state. (1)2:23=1

                                                            الإِضَافَةُ-اسم: منصوب-جمع مذكر/مضاف + ضمير متصل-جمع مذكرحاضر في محل جر-مضاف إليه

مفعول به

17

Separable Preposition.                                                                                                حرف جر

متعلقان بالفعل ادعوا أو بمحذوف حال من شهداءكم

18

Noun: genitive.                                                                                                                                            اسم مجرور

 

19

  Proper Name; singular; masculine; Genitive.  [Recurrence: 829-First Occurrence in 01.01]                                                                                                                        لفظ الجلالة مجرور للتعظيم

 

20

Conditional Particle.                                                                                                 [حَرْفُ شَرطٍ]

 

21

Verb: Perfect; second person; plural; masculine + Attached subject Pronoun [اسم كَانَ]; nominative state. [Recurrece:158; First occurrence 2:23]

                               فعل ماضٍ ناقص مبنى على السكون لاتصاله بضمير الرفع المتحرك/ ضمير متصل في محل رفع اسم كان/جمع مذكرحاضر

 

22

Active participle: Indefinite, masculine; plural; accusative.                                                                                                                                           اسم فاعل کا صیغہ-منصوب-جمع سالم-مذکر

320 خبر كان

1

= فَ Prefixed conjunction  +   Particle of condition.                                              حرف فَ + حَرْفُ شَرطٍ

321

2

Negative/Jussive Particle.                                                                             حرف جزم و قلب و نفي

 

3

  Verb: Imperfect; second person; plural; masculine; Mood: Jussive indicated by "نَ" dropped; و Subject Pronoun; nominative state; مصدر-فَعْلٌ Verbal noun (1)2:24(2)2:197(3)2:215(4)2:279(5)2:282(6)4:127(7)58:13=7

                                     فعل مضارع مجزوم و علامة جزمه حذف النون/و- ضمير متصل في محل رفع فاعل-والألف-فارقة/جمع مذكرحاضر

 

4

Conjunction for parenthetic.                                                                                         [الاعتراضية]

 

5

Subjunctive and Emphasis and Future negation Particle.                            حرف نصب و توكيد و نفى للمستقبل

 

6

Verb: Imperfect; second person; plural; masculine; Mood: Subjunctive indicated by "نَ" dropped; [و] Subject Pronoun; nominative state; مصدر-فَعْلٌ Verbal noun; (1)2:24=1

                                    فعل مضارع  منصوب و علامة نصبه حذف النون/و- ضمير متصل في محل رفع فاعل-والألف-فارقة/جمع مذكرحاضر

 

7

  Prefixed conjunction فَ that shows cause and effect + Verb; Imperative; second person; plural; [Form-VIII] + [و] Subject Pronoun in nominative state; مصدر-اِتِّقَاءٌ Verbal Noun.

                              حرف فَ + فعل أمر مبنى على حذف النون /و- ضمير متصل في محل رفع فاعل-الألف-فارقة/جمع مذكرحاضر/باب اِفْتَعَلَ 

لفاء رابطة لجواب الشرط

8

Noun: definite; feminine; singular; accusative.                                         اسم:معرفہ باللام- منصوب-واحد-مؤنث

مفعول به

9

Relative Pronoun: Singular; feminine.                                                                        الاسم الموصول-واحد-مؤنث

في محل نصب صفة

10

Possessive Phrase: Noun/Verbal Noun: Definite; singular; masculine; nominative + Possessive pronoun هَا :third person; singular; feminine; in genitive state. (1)2:24(2)66:06=2

                                                             الإِضَافَةُ-اسم: مرفوع-واحد مذكر/مضاف + ضمير متصل-واحد مؤنث غائب في محل جر-مضاف إليه

مبتدأ/الجملة صلة الموصول

11

Noun: Definite ; Plural; Masculine; nominative. [Recurrence: 42; First Occurrence in 2:13]                                                                                                                                       اسم مرفوع بالضمة-معرفہ باللام- جمع  مذكر 

خبر

12

Appositive/Conjunction particle.                                                                               [حرف عطف]

 

13

Noun: Definite; plural; feminine; nominative. (1)2:24(2)66:06=2   اسم: معرفہ باللام -مرفوع-جمع-مؤنث

معطوف على الناس

14

 Verb: Perfect; third person; singular; feminine; Passive; [Form-IV]; [هِىَ]  Proxy Subject pronoun/Ergative hidden مصدر-اِعْدَادٌ Verbal noun. (1)2:24(2)3:131(3)3:133(4)57:21=4

                                      فعل ماضٍ مبني للمجهول مبني على الفتح + تَاء التانيث الساكنة/نائب الفاعل:ضمير مستتر جوازاً تقديره:هِىَ/باب افعال 

 الجملة في محل نصب حال من النار

15

Prepositional phrase: Prefixed preposition لِ  + Active participle: definite; sound plural; masculine; genitive.                                                    جار و مجرور= لِ حرف جر + اسم فاعل:معرفہ باللام-مجرور-جمع سالم مذكر

335 متعلقان بالفعل

1

Recommencing/Conjunction particle.                                                                             [اِستئنافية]

336

2

 Verb: Imperative; second person; singular; masculine; [Form-II];  Subject pronoun [أَنْتَ] hidden; مصدر-تَبْشِيرٌ Verbal noun. The last consonant has added vowel sign to break اجتماع الساكنين cluster of two vowel-less consonants. (1)2:25(2)2:155(3)2:223(4)4:138(5)9:03(6)9:112(7)10:02(8)10:87(9)22:24(10)22:37(11)33:47(12)61:13=12                      فعل أمر مبنى على السكون/الفاعل ضمير مستتر فيه-أَنتَ/واحد مذكر-حاضر/باب  تَفْعِيل

 

3

Relative Pronoun; Plural; masculine. Recurrence: 974                    الاسم الموصول-جمع-مذكر

 

4

 Verb: Perfect; Third person; plural; masculine; active; [Form IV]; Subject Pronoun, in nominative state:  مصدر-اِيمانٌ Verbal Noun. [Recurrence:214 First occurrence in 2:09]  

                    [فعل ماضٍ مبنى على الضم لاتصاله بواو الجماعة/و- ضمير متصل في محل رفع فاعل-والألف-فارقة/جمع مذكر غائب/باب افعال]

مفعول به

5

Appositive/Conjunction particle.                                                                               [حرف عطف]

 

6

Verb: Perfect; third person; plural; masculine; [و] Subject Pronoun, in nominative state; مصدرعَمَلٌ-باب سَمِعَ Verbal noun.

                                      فعل ماضٍ مبنى على الضم لاتصاله بواو الجماعة/و- ضمير متصل في محل رفع فاعل-والألف-فارقة/جمع مذكر غائب

 

7

Active participle: definite; feminine; sound plural; accusative.

                                                                                                   اسم فاعل-معرفہ باللام-منصوب-جمع سالم مؤنث  

مفعول به

8

Verb-Like Particle,                                                                                           حرف المشبهة بالفعل

أن وما بعدها في تأويل مصدر في محل جر بحرف جر محذوف

9

لَ Prefixed Preposition + Personal Pronoun: Third Person; Masculine; Plural, genitive state.                                                               جار و مجرور = لَ حرف جر+ ضمير متصل في محل جر-جمع مذكر غائب

متعلقان بخبر أن المحذوف

10

Noun: Indefinite; plural; feminine; accusative.                                   اسم: منصوب-جمع سالم-مؤنث  

 اسم أَنَّ

11

 Verb: [intransitive] Imperfect; third person; singular; feminine; Mood: Indicative; مصدر-جَرْىٌ و جَريَانٌ Verbal noun.                                                                فعل مضارع مرفوع بالضمة المقدرة على الياء لثقل/واحد مؤنث غائب  

جملة في محل نصب صفة لجنات

12

  Separable Preposition                                                                                              حرف جر

متعلقان بالفعل تجري

13

Possessive Phrase: Adverb of location/place, definite; genitive + Possessive pronoun هَا: third person; singular; feminine; grammatically in genitive state.

                                                 الإِضَافَةُ-ظرف مكان:مجرور-واحد مذكر/مضاف + ضمير متصل-واحد مؤنث غائب في محل جر-مضاف إليه

 

14

Noun: Definite; masculine; broken Plural; feminine; nominative.

                                                                                                                                            اسم:معرفہ باللام-مرفوع-جمع مكسر مؤنث

فاعل

15

Conjunction-consisting of  and [الضَّرفيَّةُ] adverbial particle , joining two verbal clauses in a time sequence.  (1)2:25(2)3:37(3)4:56(4)5:70(5)7:38(6)11:38(7)17:97(8)71:07=8

                                                                                                                                         ظرف زمان منصوب + مَا مصدرية زمانية

كل مفعول فيه ظرف زمان ما مصدرية

16

Verb; Perfect; third Person; Plural; Passive; [و] proxy subject pronoun/ergative, in nominative state; مصدر-رِزْقٌ Verbal noun. (1)2:25=1

            فعل ماضٍ مبني للمجهول مبنى على الضم لاتصاله بواو الجماعة/و-ضمير متصل في محل رفع نائب فاعل-والألف فارقة/جمع مذكرغائب

 

17

 Prepositional Phrase:  Separable Preposition + Attached pronoun هَا: Third person; singular; feminine; in genitive state.                                         جار و مجرور= مِنْ حرف جر+ ضمير متصل في محل جر-واحد-مؤنث غائب

متعلقان برزقوا

18

  Separable Preposition                                                                                           حرف جر

بدل

19

Noun: Indefinite; singular; feminine; genitive. (1)2:25=1                                           اسم: مجرور-واحد-مؤنث

 

20

Noun: Indefinite; singular; masculine; accusative. (1)2:25(2)28:57(3)50:11=3        اسم: منصوب-واحد-مذكر

مفعول به ثان

21

Verb: Perfect; Third person; plural; masculine; [Form-I]; [و] Subject Pronoun; nominative state; مصدر قولٌ Verbal Noun.

                                      فعل ماضٍ مبنى على الضم لاتصاله بواو الجماعة/و- ضمير متصل في محل رفع فاعل-والألف-فارقة/جمع مذكر غائب

الجملة جواب شرط

22

Demonstrative Pronoun: Singular; masculine.                                               اسم الإشارة :واحد مذكر 

مبتدأ/الجملة الاسمية في محل نصب مقول القول

23

Relative Pronoun: singular; masculine.                                                   الاسم الموصول-واحد-مذكر

خبر

24

Verb; Perfect; First Person; Plural; Passive;  Proxy subject pronoun/ergative, nominative state; مصدر-رِزْقٌ Verbal noun. (1)2:25=1

                                              فعل ماضٍ مبني للمجهول مبنى على السكون لاتصاله بضمير المتكلمين/نَا-ضمير متصل في محل رفع نائب فاعل

صلة الموصول/العائد محذوف

25

  Separable Preposition                                                                                            حرف جر

 

26

Noun for time, indeclinable in genitive state by preposition.                                                                                                              اسم - زمان- مبنى على الضم فى محل جر بحرف الجر-واحد مذكر

قبل ظرف مبني على الضم لانقطاعه عن الإضافة في محل جر بحرف الجر والجار والمجرور متعلقان بالفعل رزقنا

27

Recommencing/Conjunction particle.                                                                            [اِستئنافية]   

 

28

Verb: Perfect; third person; masculine; plural; Passive;  [و] Proxy subject pronoun/ Ergative, in nominative state and; مصدر-اِيْتَاءٌٌ Verbal noun. (1)2:25=1

                                      فعل ماضٍ مبنى على الضم لاتصاله بواو الجماعة/و- ضمير متصل في محل رفع فاعل-والألف-فارقة/جمع مذكر غائب

 

29

Prepositional Phrase: بـِ Inseparable preposition  + Personal Pronoun: Third person; singular; masculine, genitive                                        جار و مجرور = بِ حرف جر + ضمير متصل في محل جر-واحد مذكرغائب

متعلقان بالفعل

30

Active participle: Indefinite; masculine; singular; accusative; [Form-VI]; مصدر-تَشَابُهٌ Verbal noun. (1)2:25(2)6:141=2                                                                                     اسم فاعل-منصوب-واحد-مذك/باب تفاعل

حال

31

Recommencing/Conjunction particle.                                                                           [اِستئنافية]   

 

32

لَ Prefixed Preposition + Personal Pronoun: Third Person; Masculine; Plural, genitive state.                                                              جار و مجرور = لَ حرف جر+ ضمير متصل في محل جر-جمع مذكر غائب

متعلقان بمحذوف خبر مقدم

33

Prepositional phrase: Separable Preposition + Suffixed pronoun: third person; singular, feminine; genitive state.                                    جار و مجرور= فِيحرف جر+ ضمير متصل في محل جر-واحد-مؤنث غائب

متعلقان بمحذوف خبر مقدم

34

Noun: Indefinite; broken plural; feminine; nominative. (1)2:25(2)3:15(3)4:57=3                                                                                                                                              اسم:-مرفوع-جمع مكسر -مؤنث

مبتدأ مؤخر

35

Passive participle: Indefinite; singular; feminine; nominative; مصدر-تَطْهِيرٌ Verbal noun. (1)2:25(2)3:15(3)4:57=3                                                                                                          اسم مفعول-مرفوع واحد مؤنث/باب تَفْعِيل

صفة لأزواج

36

Recommencing/Conjunction particle.                                                                             [اِستئنافية]

 

37

  Personal Pronoun ;third person; plural masculine; nominative.              ضمير منفصل مبني جمع مذكرغائب

مبتدأ

38

Prepositional phrase: Separable Preposition + Suffixed pronoun: Third person; singular, feminine; in genitive state.                                 جار و مجرور= فِيحرف جر+ ضمير متصل في محل جر-واحد-مؤنث غائب

متعلقان بالخبر خالدون

39

Active participle: Indefinite; sound plural; masculine; nominative; مصدر-خُلُودٌ Verbal noun.                                                                                                                                          اسم فاعل -مرفوع-جمع سالم-مذکر

374 خبر

  Ayah 2:26-27